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Assessment, Risk Reduction and Reentry
Transcript of Assessment, Risk Reduction and Reentry
Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.
Assessment, Risk Reduction and
Where did we come from
1980's - Prison Populations
in the United States Exploded
War on Crime
War on Drugs
Subjective vs. Objective
Higher risk offenders were housed in Lower Security Units.
Offenders had a strong sense that they were in charge
A group of lifers held a lot of power and control
1989 - Inmate Custody Classification
1992 - Unit Management
2005 - Criminal Risk Assessment - LSI-R
Internal Housing Assessment - AIMS
2006 - PREA assessment
2011 - Criminal Psychopathy scale - PSCAN
So we have identified high risk offenders,
Targeted Interventions -Who, What, How
Risk Management inside the Institution
Reduce Institutional Violence and Disciplinary Incidence
Increase Compliant Presumptive parole releases
Make our institutions safer for Staff and Inmates
Develop pro-social attitudes and behaviors
Reduce Parole Violations and New Convictions while increasing public safety
Most incarcerated individuals will be
returning to society.
Recidivism - at 12 months
2008 - 31.2%
2009 - 28.7%
2010 - 25.9%
2011 - 26.1%
Use LSI-R to assess risk and need areas
Use of Motivational Interviewing to consolidate motivation to change
Providing Cognitive Based programing
Thinking for a Change
Insanity: doing the same thing
over and over again and expecting
Case Managers working on "Change Planning."
Continuation of Cognitive Programming
Improve integration with
community service providers
Parole Agents as "Change Agents"
not just "Compliance Agents"
Mad vs. Bad
In 2011 855 offenders discharged their sentences
40% discharged from Parole with no negative contacts
12% discharge from Parole with only 1 negative contact
>50% had only 1 or no negative contacts
About 2,000 Offenders are released from South Dakota Prisons every year.
What about those identified as High Risk
2009 - 49.3% males, 40.7% females
2010 - 39.1% males, 20.2% females
Successful reintegration into society
Mission: The mission of the Department of Corrections is to protect the citizens of South Dakota by providing safe and secure facilities for juvenile and adult offenders committed to our custody by the courts, to provide effective community supervision to offenders upon their release and to utilize evidence-based practices to maximize opportunities for rehabilitation.
Vision: A national leader in corrections that enhances public safety by employing evidence based practices to maximize the rehabilitation of offenders.
Values: We value our staff as our greatest asset.
We value a safe environment for staff and offenders.
We value community support and collaboration.
We value public trust in the operation of our department.
We value the use of evidence based practices to maximize offender rehabilitation.
We value diversity and the respect for all individuals.
We value professionalism, teamwork and the highest standard of ethics.
We value investment in our staff through training in sound correctional practice and through the provision of opportunities for development and career advancement.
Enhance Intrinsic Motivation
Skill Train w/ Directed Practice
Increase Positive Reinforcement
Enhance Support from Natural Community
Provide Measurement Feedback
Core Correctional Practices
Effective Use of Authority
Quality Interpersonal Relationships
Structured Skill Building
Problem Solving Techniques