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Transcript of Apollo Program
The Apollo Program
The purpose of the Apollo program, 1963, was to challenge the Soviet Union. there was a challenge to see which country could land a human being onto the moon. The plan was to safely land an astronaut on the moon, and return him to earth unscathed. Of the seventeen missions, two were unable to land on the moon. The project was well supported by John F. Kennedy, the president at the time, and he wanted the U.S. to be the first country to step foot on the moon. This would the U.S. was more advanced in technology.
All but two of the Apollo missions were considered to be successful. Apollo missions 1-10 were to designed to orbit the moon. Our biggest success was Apollo 11, This was the first mission to actually land a man on the moon. It was launched on July 16, 1969, and landed on the moon just four days later. The commander of this launch was Neil Armstrong, the first man to take a step on the moon.
Luckily, there was only two failures in the entire Apollo Program. The first Apollo mission was a failure. The aircraft caught fire while three of the pilots were trapped inside. Responders were too late to get the astronauts out of the aircraft and the three astronauts passed away. The second failure was Apollo 13, There was an explosion in one of the oxygen tanks and the astronauts could only orbit the moon, not land on it.
The most famous astronaut that everybody hears about is Neil Armstrong. He was the first man to step on the moon. Before he took a step on the moon, he said these words: "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Alan B. Shepard was also a famous astronaut. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy. He was the first man in space. He later led the Apollo 14 mission.
People have believed that the Apollo Program was one big hoax by the government. By picking out small features of the moon in a few of the pictures. A number of papers have been written on how the Program was a hoax. A part of the hypothesis is "the Moving Mound." supposedly, there is a mound in the background of every photo taken in different spots. I asked my father if he believed the Apollo Program was a hoax, he told me you had to be "really, really stupid" to believe that it was a hoax.
This photo is the cover of the Time magazine
at the time the space race was getting very competitive. This represents the space race. The astronaut on the left represents the Soviet Union. The astronaut on the right is representing America. Both figures are "running" towards the moon.
This is a picture of Commander
Neil Armstrong planting the
American flag on the moon.
This image shows the Apollo 13.
The three men in the bottom right corner
were the astronauts. Their names were: James A. Lovell, John L. Swergirt, Jr. and Fred W. Hayes, Jr. The top right pictures each show the capsule that the three men used to orbit the moon.
The biggest and most major mission the Apollo program launched was Apollo 11. This was the first mission to set foot on the moon. They took many photos and collected lunar rock samples to bring back to earth. The name of the aircraft that they traveled on was Columbia. The pilots returned to earth four days after they landed on the moon. Apollo 12 was also very important because they examined a space craft that had landed two and a half years earlier.
This picture shows
the Apollo 13 space
This photo shows the three
men who led Apollo thirteen.
With Neil Armstrong (left) "Buzz
Aldrin (right) and Michael Collins
Three key factors went into developing the Apollo program. These were cost, schedule, and reliability. More than 25 billion dollars was spent on the program, that is about 100 billion dollars in modern day currency.
This picture is the original
emblem created for the
The astronauts brought into space a 25,000
frame camera. This means it takes 25,000 photos per second. Somebody pieced together photos found of the moon and made it into flip-book like video.
The Apollo Program, which started in 1963, is the main reason we know so much about our moon. With the scientific experiments run during the missions as well as the work done back on earth on the lunar samples, we have been enlightened and now know so much more about the moon. Nobody knows if there will ever be another mission to the moon, but there are so many more things we do not know about our moon. I believe if there was another mission, we would know twice the information we know today because of our advances in technology since 1963.