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Transcript of Questioning RECONSTRUCTION
the South BACK into the
Union (USA)? HOW do we rebuild (RECONSTRUCT) after
the war? How do we meet the needs
of newly FREED slaves
in the South? Who is IN CHARGE of the
reconstruction process? Johnson's Plan
Plan Amendments Freedman's Bureau Sharecropping Black Codes The President? Congress? Idea? 10 % + IDEA: Loyalty OATHS will make it easier to FORGIVE and move on In new constitutions: states
must accept MINIMUM conditions re: slavery, war depts, secession (getting back into the USA) Or do we? 1 2 3 4 Purpose: KEEP pre-Civil War system of race relations alive in the south.
IDEA: Slavery still exists we just don’t call it slavery! Punish the South Did he care about ex-slaves? Idea: Southerners are NOT taking reconstruction seriously - what do we do? Answer: GET THIER ATTENTION - put them under military rule Tenure of Office Act Law: President cannot fire a cabinet member without permission from the Senate BUT... he does! Stanton fired... IMPEACHMENT Johnson is aquitted...barely! Who wins? Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
13th IDEA: NO MORE SLAVERY!
14th Provide a constitutional guarantee of the rights and security of freed people.
IDEA: Freed Slaves are CITIZENS!
15th Southern states would be punished for denying the right to vote to black citizens! ...
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
IDEA: BLACK MALES CAN VOTE NOT! Poll Taxes Literacy Tests Grandfather
Clauses IDEA: Help ex-slaves enter into society in the south (money, education, etc.)
Carpetbaggers...Northerners Scalawags...Southerners FORMALLY ENDED Reconstruction by WITHDRAWING the army from the South.
Compromise of 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes Elected...