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Jazz Age: Harlem Renaissance

Derrik Charles Blazi Sr., Juan Manual Piceno Preciado Jr., Fr. Chance Daniel Billingsley, Sr. John Zachary Garcia III

Derrik Blazi

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Jazz Age: Harlem Renaissance

Jazz Age: Harlem Renaissance The Jazz Age The Jazz Age, as well as the Harlem Renaissance, gave African Americans a new identity
Their influence on the culture at the time changed America forever
While jazz played a significant part, other forms of music and literature can be attributed to this explosion of culture
This also influenced big cities like New York City and Chicago
Large, extravagant parties, like the ones thrown by Gatsby, were common; and jazz was the entertainment The Big Idea Jazz was born in 1895 in New Orleans
It was a mix of Blues and marching band music
Played mainly by African Americans and Creoles
Used old U.S. Army instruments
Marked through the use of improvisation since many musicians could not read music
Soon, European music culture merged with Jazz
The twenties began the "Jazz Age"
The saxophone was used for the first time
Jazz was blamed for having a bad influence on the youth
National radio helped make jazz popular all over America The Jazz Age in The Great Gatsby The Jazz Age started a time where money wasn't a worry
Gatsby's extravagant parties are typical for this time
People could simply show up to parties without invitations
This makes Gatsby's "party lawn" a place "animated with chatter and laughter"
These parties are very large
Gatsby spends a lot of money for decorations and food
Alcohol was common despite Prohibition
People began to dress differently
Gatsby's guests are entertained by a jazz orchestra Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance began as a cultural movement
Spanned the 1920s and 1930s
Also known as the "New Negro Movement" at the time
Centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City
Also influence French-speaking black writers from African and Caribbean colonies who lived in Paris
Many of the ideas of the movement lived on after the 1930s
It has been described as a "flowering of Negro literature"
Harlem was the destination for migrants from around the country
Predominantly white until European immigrants showed up in the late nineteenth century
In the early 1900s, Harlem became an African American Neighborhood
During this time period, there was an explosion of culture in Harlem
This included plays, poetry, newspapers, and music
The Great Depression lead to the decline of this era Influence of The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was successful in that it brought the Black experience clearly within the cultural history of America
This legacy redefined how America and the world viewed African Americans
Changed from rural, undereducated peasants to an image of urban, cosmopolitan sophistication
This lead to a greater social consciousness, expanding intellectual and social contacts internationally
The African American community gained a spirit of self-determination
This provided a foundation for the community to build upon for the Civil Rights struggles in the 1950s and 1960s
Harlem's rapid development provided a venue for African Americans of all backgrounds to appreciate the variety of Black life and culture
Encouraged the new appreciation of folk roots and culture
Brought a rich source for the artistic and intellectual imagination
This freed African Americans from the establishment of past condition
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