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Harlem Renaissance Art
Transcript of Harlem Renaissance Art
Many artists during the renaissance rejected European and White American views on art and sought to express themselves in there own way.
Harlem Renaissance Artists
There was not one distinct style of artwork made but several different individual styles emerged and influenced 20th century art for decades to come.
Artists during the Renaissance
Augusta Savage was a sculptor, a teacher, and a equal rights activist.
The Art in Harlem was rarely the sole work of just one individual. The people of Harlem worked together to share their work and help each other better there work.
Augusta Savage was a member of the “306 group” because her art studio was located at 306 West 141st street.
At the studio, Savage exchanged idea and techniques with other black artists in Harlem.
Savage was determined from childhood to be a sculptor. She moved to New York City so she could study at Coopers Union School of Art. There her talent as an artist blossomed and was quickly recognized.
What is Harlem?
Harlem is a borough in New York City and was the center of the Harlem Renaissance.
During this time period the "Great Migration" occured which brought thousands of African-American migrants to New York.
To most people during the time Harlem was a very affordable place to live.
The area was very poverty stricken due to how much the Great Depression effected Harlem
The Harlem Renaissance was a rebirth and in some ways an establishment of African American culture in America. It gave African American writers, artists, and thinkers a voice and a space in American history. The styles used and the impact the artists had on American culture lives on today.
The Harlem Renaissance is often referred to as the most influential movement in African American Literacy history.
The idea of the "New Negro" along with the culmination of the African American culture in Harlem, brought the art in the Harlem Renaissance to a new, never before seen level. The Renaissance did not last very long but the impact that it had on African American Culture and art history lives on today
One specific work of Augusta Savage was “The Harp"
The Harp was exhibited in the court of the Contemporary Arts building where it received much acclaim.
The sculpture depicted a group of twelve stylized black singers in graduated heights that symbolized the strings of the harp.
The sounding board was formed by the hand and arm of God, and a kneeling man holding music represented the foot.
No funds were available to cast The Harp, nor were there any facilities to store it. After the fair closed it was demolished as was all the art.
Aaron Douglas was an African-American painter and graphic artist who played a leading role in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s and 1930s.
Douglas had a unique artistic style that fused his interests in modernism and African art.
Many of his figures appeared as bold silhouettes.
In 1933, Douglas had his first solo art show. Soon after, he started one of his most legendary works—a series of murals entitled "Aspects of Negro Life.”
"Aspects of a Negro Life"
Douglas created numerous large-scale murals that portray subjects from African American history.
The four panels of "Aspects of Negro Life" are reflections of Douglas's beliefs.
"One of the murals, Song of the Towers, depicts a figure fleeing from the hand of serfdom. It is symbolic of the migration of African peoples from the rural South and the Caribbean to the urban industrial centers of the North just after World War I. Standing on the wheel of life in the center of the composition, a saxophonist expresses the creativity of the 1920s and the freedom it afforded the '"New Negro.'"
His work was referred to as dynamic cubism
Dropped out of high school and was mentored by other famous artist Charles Alston.
His work depicts the struggles and history African-Americans
All of his works are on display in museums in New York.
Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series is a collection of art that depicts the large movement of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North between World War I and World War II
Langston Hughes was a very influential poet, novelist, playwright, whose impactful themes made him a prime contributer during the Harlem Renaissance during the 1920's. Hughes was born in the early 1900s. He was a busboy in Washington D.C. when his poetry was discovered and his career began to take off.
Louis Armstrong became very popular during the 1920s
He influenced many musicians with both his trumpet and unique voice.