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Servant Leadership, Chapter 10
Transcript of Servant Leadership, Chapter 10
Servant Leadership, Chapter 10
Notes compiled by, Julie Swedin
Interesting "Take Aways" of Approach
Servant leadership is a paradox--runs counter to common sense
How can a person be a leader
a servant at the same time?
It is an approach that offers a unique perspective
Defining Servant Leadership
Places the good of followers over one's own self interests
Emphasizes follower development (Hale & Fields, 2007)
Attends fully to the needs of followers: this leadership approach is concerned with the less privileged, and aims at removing inequalities and social injustices
Demonstrates strong moral behavior towards followers (Graham, 1991; Walumbwa, Hartnell, & Oke, 2010), the organization, and other stakeholders (Ehrhart, 2004)
Everyone can learn to be a servant leader (Spears, 2010)
History of Servant Leadership
The term was coined by Robert K. Greenleaf (1970) who began exploring how institutions function and how they could better serve society
The Power of Literature
Greenleaf credits his formulation of servant leadership to Hermann Hesse's (1956) novel
The Journey to the East
(the servant on a mythical journey sustains the travelers with his spirit and song)
Greenleaf was intrigued by issues of power and authority and decidedly against coercive leadershp
Author of the seminal works on the subject
Ten Characteristics of a Servant Leader, Spears (2002)
Commitment to the growth of people
Model of Servant Leadership
Based Liden, Wayne, Zhao, and Henderson (2008) and Liden, Panaccio, Hu, and Meuser (2014)
Three main components:
1.) Antecedent Conditions (such as context and culture)
2.) Servant Leader Behaviors (such as emotional healing and empowering)
3.) Leadership Outcomes (such as follower performance and growth and societal impact)
It is the only leadership approach that frames the leadership process around the principle of caring for others
Provides a counterintuitive and provocative approach to the use of influence, or power, in leadership
Leaders should not dominate, direct, or control, but rather, leaders should share control and influence
Recent research has resulted in a sound measure of servant leadership
This approach has several limitations
The paradoxical nature of the title "servant leadership" creates semantic noice that diminishes the potential value of the approach
Debate among scholars regarding the core dimensions of the process
Servant leadership is hypothesized to include a multitude of abilities, traits, and behaviors, but researchers have been unable to reach consensus on a common defintion or theoretical framework (van Dierendonck 2011)
It has a "value-push prescriptive quality, along with an almost moralistic nature that results in many practitioners of servant leadership not necessarily being researchers who want to conduct studies to test the validity of servant leadershp theory
It is unclear why "conceptualizing" is included as one of the behaviors of servant leadership
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Servant leadership. In P.G. Northouse. (Ed.),
Leadership: Theory and practice
. (225-256). Thousand Oaks: SAGE.
The people history, 1970s news events, popular culture, and prices. (n.d). Retrieved September 28, 2016, from http://ww.thepeoplehistory.com/1970s.html
What Happened in 1970?
NASA's Apollo 13 Moon Mission returns to Earth successfully after abandoning its mission to the Moon after experiencing oxygen tank problems and an explosion.
The popular band "The Beatles" announce they have disbanded.
Forty-three nations ratify the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
The United States invades Cambodia.
The first jumbo-jet, the Boeing 747, makes its debut commercial flight from New York to London.
Facts compiled from http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1970s.html