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The 20th Amendment- APGov
Transcript of The 20th Amendment- APGov
How is it still relevant?
- Presidency still lasts until January 20th
Which Branch of
Executive- deals with the election and power of president.
How to remember it
- Changed the start and end dates of the President, Representatives, and Senators
What Does that Mean?
- Ratified January 3rd, 1933
- What to do if there is no president-elect
Why was it proposed?
Shmoop Editorial Team. "20th Amendment." Shmoop.com.
Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 25 Sept. 2014.
By: Brayden maass and Morgan Farrar
- March 4th to January 20th & January 3rd
"20th Amendment." LII / Legal Information Institute.
N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.
- Congress must meet once a year
In order to significantly reduce the lame duck period of the last president because during the lame duck period it's nearly impossible for anything to be accomplished anyway.
- Helps to prevent "midnight" appointments
- Helps in cases of Presidential emergency
Life Without the 20th Amendment
- No plan in case of Presidential death
- No set Presidential Inauguration
- Congress wouldn't have to meet
Kornblut, Anne E., and Michael D. Shear. "The Trail: A
Daily Diary of Campaign 2008." Obama Takes His Oath of Office Again. N.p., 21 Jan. 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2014.
(Marbury v. Madison)
McBride, Alex. "Marbury v. Madison (1803)."
PBS. PBS, Dec. 2006. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
Amendment moved the the inauguration date to
thanks for listening!!
Marbury vs. Madison
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Marbury v. Madison and the Federalist
Legacy." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 26 Sept. 2014.
John Adams lost reelection
During the "Lame Duck period he appointed 16 new judges and over 40 federalist justices of the Peace.
Jefferson didn't have the commissions delivered.
William Marbury petitioned writ of Mandamus
Marbury v. Madison
Did Marbury have the right to writ?
can the U.s. allow the courts to grant Marbury a writ?
can the supreme court allow Marbury the writ?
Yes he had been properly appointed.
He had a legal right to it
No, only court cases dealing with the constitution can be dealt with in the supreme court.
Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.
Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.
Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.
Section 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.
The 20th Amendment Word-for-Word
What YOU Need to Know...
Summary: Shortens the lame duck period from March 4th to January 20th
Controversy: Midnight Judge-like situations
Court Cases: Marbury v. Madison and the Election of 1803
(Supreme Justice's Oath)