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Birth of an American Republic

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Tasia Cox

on 8 September 2016

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Transcript of Birth of an American Republic

4) England's territories expanded closer to home which would centralize the power and create free trade.
3) Britain was generally on the winning side of European conflict, especially when it came to acquiring colonies.
2) Climate that was favorable to business and commerce.
1) Location placed England in a position to control trade.
There are several key reasons for Britain's rise to being a major global power
.
Britain Becomes a Global Power
Birth of an American Republic
King George III:
60 year reign
Wanted to recover power the crown had lost
Make Parliament follow his will
Found seats in Parliament for his 'friends'
The 13 Colonies in the Mid-1700s
Important Colonial Cities:
Boston
New York
Philadelphia


These cities will link North America to the West Indies, Africa and Europe.
Because many crops and products came out of the colonies, England applied mercantilist policies in an attempt to strengthen by exporting more than was imported.
In the 1600s, Parliament passed the 'Navigation Acts', which regulated colonial trade and manufacturing.
However, these acts were not well enforced. Therefore, activities like smuggling were common.
By the mid 1700s, the colonies were home to many religious and ethnic groups. Wealthy land owners and merchants dominated local government.
Because of these local governments, colonists felt the entitlement of the same rights of English citizens.
Many also felt they wanted to create a destiny separate from England.
After decades of settling began in America, the colonist engaged in two conflicts that drained money out of England:
1) The Seven Years War
2) The French and Indian War
In order to regain funds lost from the wars, King George III imposed taxes.
Two 'Acts' are passed to help pay for the cost of the wars:
1) Sugar Act: taxed items that were imported
2) Stamp Act: taxed anything printed in the colonies (newspapers).
Colonists react and think it's unfair that they are taxed without having any representation in Parliament.
Colonists react through a series of violent conflict:
1) Boston Massacre- protests new taxes and no representation in parliament
2) Boston Tea Party- protests
tax on imported British tea
As tension and violence continue, the colonists declare independence and the Revolutionary war begins...
On July 4th, 1776, independence is declared from Britain.
Though the colonists declared independence from Britain, conflict still continued.
The French will side with the colonists throughout battles and give support.
The Treaty of Paris will end the war.
Full transcript