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liam rodrigues

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of Baran

Quickfacts: Afghanistan's Recent History
1973 A military coup ends the monarchy and establishes a republic. The coup is followed by a period of political instability. 1978-79 Two more violent coups provoke Islamist insurgencies. The Soviet Union launches a military intervention in late 1979. 1980s Soviet and Afghan government troops fight against mujahedin guerillas backed by Pakistan, the US, and Saudi Arabia. Between the years 1979 and 1992, more than a fifth of Afghanistan's population leaves the country searching for safety in Iran and Pakistan. 1989 The Soviets withdraw from Afghanistan. A total of six million residents fled the country during the soviet occupation. 1992 The mujahedin coalition captures Kabul. The coalition soon disintegrates. 1994 The Taliban, a Pakistan-backed militia of ultra-orthodox Sunnit Muslims launches military operations along the Pakistani border and western Afghanistan. 1996 The Taliban captures Kabul. 1998 The Taliban massacres thousands as it extends its reach to North. The UN security council imposes economic sanctions against the Taliban for refusing to turn over Osama bin Laden who is wanted for attacks on US embassies. 2000 The UN Security Council imposes a ban on arms sales to the Taliban. Draught, shortfalls in humanitarian aid and international isolationism contribute to growing hunger and a current refugee population estimated at over two million. For the past 20 years, Afghans have comprised the largest single refugee group in the world.
Canadians involvement in Afghanistan dates back to the 1960's, with the creation of the first Canadians development assistance program to Afghanistan.
In 1971, Canadian aid to Afghanistan included 257 000 bushels of wheat, where drought had reduced production of cereal crops Our Mutual Past Canada has an embassy in Kabul.
In July 2009, an agreement on handing over of eight acre land by the Afghan government to Canadian embassy was signed in Kabul by the Afghan Minster of Foreign Affairs (Rangeen Dadfar Spanta) and the Canadian ambassador (William Crosbie).
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate in Toronto. The current Afghan ambassador, appointed in May 2009, is Jawed Ludin In 2005 there were 60 000 Afghans in the GTA, and the numbers have increased steadily every year since. Of Afghan youth surveyed, many reported feelings of isolation and problems with anger and agression.
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