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A Tale of Two Cities: An Appeal for the Consideration of Reparations in Baltimore

Human Rights Advocacy IS, Stanford University

Jenn Ampey

on 8 March 2016

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Transcript of A Tale of Two Cities: An Appeal for the Consideration of Reparations in Baltimore

Impetus for Change
Creating Advocates for Reparations
Searching for Trends
When we think of white supremacy, we picture colored-only signs, but we should picture pirate flags.
Breaking News
Investigation Discovery
Planning for the Future
Unemployment: early 20th century
Unemployment rates in Baltimore are unacceptable

... and the result of intentional, large-scale historical theft of property

NOW: Baltimore residents are demanding the basic social and economic rights to which they are entitled by the UN Charter and the UDHR.

OUR AUDIENCE: Predominantly white, wealthy suburban residents of Baltimore
Tuesday, March 8, 2016
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
From the Archives
Unemployment as a Human Rights Issue
Reparations as a Human Rights Obligation?
Historical Report
A Tale of Two Cities: An Appeal for the Consideration of Reparations in Baltimore
-Ta-Nehisi Coates
UN Charter
Snapshot: Baltimore, MD
“Since 1935, nearly every so-called race riot in the United States...has been sparked by a police incident...but the underlying causes run much deeper. Police, because they interact in black communities every day, are often seen as the face of larger systems of inequality in the justice system, employment, education, and housing.” (Hannah-Jones)
Sociological Report
Social Media Campaign

Article 17: "Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled...through national effort...of the economic...rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality."

Article 22: "No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property..."

Article 23: "Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment..."
"We the people of the United Nations determined...to reaffirm faith in
fundamental human rights
, in the
and worth of the human person..."
Population is approximately 64% African-American

Unemployment rate 8.4% as of April 2015 (Bureau of Labor Statistics) ---> compare to national 4.5%

Approx. 24% of Baltimore’s population lives below the poverty line

Less than 60% of high school students graduate

In some neighborhoods, the unemployment rate is as high as 60%
---> In others, it's as low as 3%

For black men 20-24 in Baltimore, unemployment rate is 37% (2013)
---> compare to 10% for the white men of the same age

14 of the poorest Baltimore neighborhoods have lower life expectancies than North Korea
Present the history of Baltimore in a way that is
and illustrates the patterns of intentional
and deprivation.
From the UDHR: "No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property."
Commission an academic report that details the state of Baltimore today, with a focus on
unemployment and its effects.

April 27, 2016: 1-year anniversary of the Freddie Gray riots
Announcement of Campaign

Late July 2016: reports are released, authors begin to do local press to publicize reports

August-September 2016: "In Their Own Words" series organized by community organizations, compiled, published

October 2016: social media campaign pushes to keep material relevant, present in dialogue
From the UDHR: "Everyone has the right to work...and to protection against unemployment."
"In Their Own Words"
Supplement reports with first-person accounts from community members to
issues such as unemployment and housing discrimination.
From the UDHR: "Everyone, as a member of society...is entitled...through
national effort
Use different forms of media (campaign website, twitter account, facebook) in order to make the report
to young adults.

*Publicity team will be made up of members of community organizations
*Photo courtesy of the Telegraph
*Photo courtesy of the Telegraph
*Photo courtesy of MSNBC
*Photo courtesy of the Atlantic
*Photo courtesy of Eli Gerzon
"Buy Where You Can Work Campaign" 1933-1934
Great depression negated employment gains for African-Americans, whites received primary consideration for jobs
boycott of white-owned businesses that would not hire African-Americans or would fire them in order to hire whites
movement successfully utilized locally-based Black institutions, resources and ideologies (Skotnes)
won concessions from the A&P chain
How does this story relate to unemployment today in Baltimore? How do its causes relate to unemployment today? What strategies were used in combating unjust unemployment and would they be effective today?
The Freddie Gray Riots: April 27, 2015

That no Negro can move into a block in which more than half of the residents are white
That no white person can move into a block in which more than half the residents are colored
That a violator of the law is punishable by a fine of not more than 100$ or imprisonment of 30 days, a year 1 year or both
That no section of the city is exempted from the conditions of the ordinance. It applies to every house
Prohibits negroes from using residences on white blocks as a place of public assemble and vice versa

Baltimore City Housing 1910 Ordinance
“Charter of the United Nations.” 1945. http://www.un.org/en/charter-united-nations/

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Case for Reparations.” Last modified June 2014. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/.

Diamond, Dan. “Why Baltimore Burned.” Last modified April 28, 2015. http://www.forbes.com/sites/dandiamond/2015/04/28/why-baltimore-burned/#3a4b72ffee64.

Ellison, Charles D. “Baltimore’s Slow Burn of Poverty and Hopelessness.” Last modified April 29, 2015. http://www.theroot.com/articles/politics/2015/04/the_numbers_behind_the_poverty_and_despair_in_baltimore.html.

Hannah-Jones, Nikole. “Yes, Black America Fears the Police. Here’s Why.” Last modified March 5, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/05/black-america-police_n_6808506.html.

Howard, Jennifer. “Domino Effect.” Last modified September 20, 2000. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2000/09/20/AR2005033107042.html.

Ingraham, Christopher. “14 Baltimore Neighborhoods Have Lower Life Expectancies Than North Korea.” Last modified April 30, 2015. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/04/30/baltimores-poorest-residents-die-20-years-earlier-than-its-richest/.

Kasperkevic, Jana. “In Freddie Gray’s neighborhood, more than a third of households are in poverty.” The Guardian. Last modified April 28, 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/apr/28/freddie-gray-neighborhood-baltimore-poverty-unemployment

Keller, Michael; Kim, Tammy; Kutsch, Tom; Thuy Vo, Lam; “Baltimore: The divided city where Freddie Gray lived and died.” Al Jazeera America. April 29, 2015. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/4/29/baltimore-protests-race-and-poverty-freddie-gray.html

Koplowitz, Howard, “Baltimore Riots 2015: City Residents’ Struggle Under Poverty, Income Inequality, and Mass Incarceration Predates Freddie Gray Unrest.” IBTimes. Last updated April 28, 2015.

Jacobs, Ben. “'Nitro, meet glycerine': Baltimore is a symptom of America's combustible mix of race and inequality.” The Guardian. Last updated April 29, 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/apr/29/west-baltimore-riots-race-inequality-blight

Malter, Jordan. “Baltimore’s Economy in Black and White.”Cable News Network.
Last Modified April 29, 2015. http://money.cnn.com/2015/04/29/news/economy/baltimore-economy/
McCormack, Simon. “What’s Happening in Baltimore Didn’t Start With Freddie Gray.” Huffington Post. Last modified April 29, 2015. http://www.ibtimes.com/baltimore-riots-2015-city-residents-struggle-under-poverty-income-inequality-mass-1899732

Peck, James. Ideal Illusions: How the U.S. Government Co-opted Human Rights. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2011.
Power, Garrett. 1983. “Apartheid Baltimore Style: The Residential Segregation Ordinances of 1910-1913. http://works.bepress.com/garrett_power/14/

Richard Rothstein (from Economic Policy Institute), interviewed by Steve Inskeep, National Public Radio, transcript http://www.npr.org/2015/05/06/404441478/troubled-neighborhoods-reflect-segregations-legacy-researcher-says

Skotnes, Andor. 1994. “"buy Where You Can Work": Boycotting for Jobs in African-american Baltimore, 1933-1934”. Journal of Social History 27 (4). Oxford University Press: 735–61. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3789081.

United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Local Area Unemployment Statistics 1990-2015.” Data extracted March 7, 2016. http://data.bls.gov/pdq/SurveyOutputServlet.

“Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” 1948.

Garrett Power :Apartheid Baltimore Style: the Residential Segregation Ordinances of 1910-1913

Historical Report
--> Legislators

Social Network Campaign
--> Young Adult Population

Washington Post Series Piece
Suburban Constituents
Full transcript