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Figure of speech

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divina caryl jacinto

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Figure of speech

Figure of speech
What is a figure of speech?
A figure of speech is form of expression that deviates from the ordinary mode of speech in order to produce a powerful,pleasing or distinctive effect.

It is remarkable way of saying something and used to add color to language

Simile
Figures of speech are not just employed by writers to stylize their work.They are also used in everyday life.
Figure of speech can be divided into the following categories: figures of speech based on resemblance, contrast,construction,association,indirect expression and sound
In this lesson you will learn to do the following:


define and list of figures of speech


Identify figures of speech and given sentence


The figures of speech based on resemblance are:
simile,metaphor, allegory, personification and apostrophe
The word ‘simile’ is derived from the latin word ‘similis’ which means like therefore simili means likeness
A simile is a definite or direct expression of likeness between two different objects or events
Example :

He
cried like a baby
Simile

Similes may use an
adjective
or a
verb
in order to draw a comparison between two things.



Examples:

He cried like a baby.
She was as white as snow.


METAPHOR
It is an implied simile
It presents two objects of comparison as if they are one entity.
Example:

He was a shrew where business
was concerned.

A metaphor is said to be mixed when metaphor of different ideas are combine. We must avoid the usage of mixed metaphors
Example:
One must not bite the hand that rocks the cradles
Other common examples of metaphors are :
a gleam of delight,give the cold shoulder,fan the flames,etc

ALLEGORY
. It is narrative that carries a second meaning in addition to its literal meaning.

may use moral qualities or abstract ideas as a characters of the narrative.
spiritual meaning
PERSONIFICATION
Inanimate objects and abstract ideas are spoken of as though they are living and conscious.
Example:

The trees are living

APOSTROPHE
. It is a direct address
Example:
• O love that thou were fair!
• Dearest john, if only you were alive!

The figures of speech based on contrast or difference are:
antithesis, oxymoron, epigram,pun and paradox.
ANTITHESIS
a striking opposition or contrast of words and ideas put in a balanced sentence.
OXYMORON
that presents two contrasting qualities about one object such that one gains new insight about the concept as a whole
EPIGRAM
is a brief pity saying used in prose or poetry.
Example:

The boy is the father of science.

used in such a way that is capable of more than one meaning
PUN


A pun is a play on words in either terms of meaning or in terms of sounds
Example:


PARADOX
statement that appears to contradict itself
provides valuable or fresh insight into an idea or concept
Example:
Figure of speech based on constraction are

climax

and

anticlimax
CLIMAX
The word
climax
means
ladder
in greek
involves the arrangement of ideas
It leads up to something important or impressive
Example:

ANTICLIMAX
the arrangement of ideas in an order of decreasing importance.
or BATHOS
Example:
Example:

He is the wisest fool yet.
strongest weakness
Figure of speech based on association are as follows: metonymy,synecdoche, transferred epithet and hyperbole.
METONOMY
Example:
SYNECDOCHE
is used to designate the part.
Example:
TRANSFERRED EPITHET
an
epithet or qualify adjective
is transferred from its
proper word
to another word that is
closely
associated with it.
Example:


HYPERBOLE
exaggerated or extervagant statement
Example:
Figure of speech based on indirect based on indirect expression are:
euphemism, irony, litotes and rhetorical question
.
EUPHEMISM
to express something unempleasant in a mild or gentle way.
Example:
IRONY
the real meaning is the absolute opposite of what is literally conveyed.
Examples:

LITOTES
to emphasize the magnitude of a statement by denying its opposite
Example:
RETHORICAL QUESTION
statements in the form of questions
Example:
Figure of speech based on sounds are:
onomatopoeia and alliteration.

OMOMATOPOEIA
It imitates the sounds associated with objects or actions.
by wich the sound of words suggest or echoes a sense.
Example:
ALLITERATION
the repetition of similar sounds or letters
Example:


No matter how much you push the envelope, it will still be stationery.
There is nothing more constant than change.
It is only in death where a man can hope to live again.
• The buzz of the bees overhead.
• The green grass grew here
The safe was cleaned completely.
Goverment officials who get rich through graft and corruption are indeed honorable.
Nick joaquin is not a bad writter at all.
• Does money grow on trees?
is the use of one word for another that suggests it.
The pen is mightier than a sword.
They have seen stormy days.
He’s got his fingers in every business deal in town .
He came ,he saw he conquered.
0’John Smith funds companies mansions and even public bathrooms.
Examples:


Jonathan swift’s gllivers travels is an example of allegory on human nature
Example:
The monarch lived in luxury while the citizens suffered in poverty
Division is better than agreement in evil

we give advice by the bucket,but take it by the grain.
If I hear any more music,I’ll go deaf!
GROUP 2 PRESENTATION
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