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Physical Properties of Matter

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by

Claire Farr

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Physical Properties of Matter

Physical Properties of Matter
What is Matter?
Matter can be classified into 2 categories
pure substances
mixtures
made of only one kind of substance

are made of more than one component
they can be homogeneous
or heterogeneous
where the components are evenly distributed throughout
where the components are unevenly distributed throughout
can be observed without changing the chemical makeup of the matter
There are 2 catergories of properties for matter-
extrinsic
and
intrinsic
EXTRINSIC PROPERTIES
are
dependent on amount; they are
not
used to identify the type of matter...here are 3...
mass- the amount of matter
volume- how much space the matter takes up
weight- the force of gravity pulling on an objects mass
INTRINSIC PROPERTIES are used to
identify

the type of matter; these are also known as
characteristic properties
; they are
not
dependent on mass
these next terms are all intrinsic properties of matter
STATE OF MATTER (PHASE):
this refers to the phase at normal temperature & pressure.
Gold is a solid.
Water is a liquid.
COLOR TASTE TEXTURE
DENSITY:
a mass-to-volume ratio
SOLUBILITY:
the ability of the matter
to dissolve into a liquid
MELTING POINT/FREEZING POINT:
these are the same properties. Water melts/freezes at 0 C. Butter melts/freezes at around 37 C (body temp)
BOILING POINT:
the temperature at which the matter changes from liquid to gas
CONDUCTABILITY:
the ability of matter to allow the flow of electrons
MALLEABILITY:
the abilility of matter to be pounded into thin sheets
length- the distance from one end to another
Full transcript