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The Tundra Biome Travel Guide

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Bradford Crossin

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of The Tundra Biome Travel Guide

Abiotic Factors

Native Animals



Endangered Species


Where is it??

Recreational Activities

Points of Interest

Nearby Biomes


Free Popsicles! Must I Say More?
Geographer
The melting of the permafrost as a result of global warming could radically change the landscape and what species are able to live there.
Ozone depletion at the North and South Poles means stronger ultraviolet rays that will harm the tundra.
Air pollution can cause smog clouds that contaminate lichen, a significant food source for many animals.
Exploration of oil, gas, and minerals and construction of pipelines and roads can cause physical disturbances and habitat fragmentation.
Oil spills can kill wildlife and significantly damage tundra ecosystems.
Buildings and roads put heat and pressure on the permafrost, causing it to melt.
Invasive species push aside native vegetation and reduce diversity of plant cover.
This Biome may be in Danger
ABIOTIC FACTORS

PLANTS

ENDANGERED SPECIES
Botanist
Meteorologist
Zoologist
If you find this, I will give you $10.
Precipitation
Temperature
Various Supplies
Possible Climate Change
The average precipitation is 6 to 10 inches per year,
including melting snow.
This is a low amount of precipitation compared to other biomes.
The average winter temperature is -30 degrees Fahrenheit.
The average summer temperature is between 37 and 54 degrees Fahrenheit.
This is extremely cold compared to other biomes.
The abiotic factors in a tundra are the rocks, clouds, precipitation (rain, snow, and hail), temperature, sunlight, wind, and permafrost.

The native animals living in the tundras are the Arctic Fox, the Caribou, the Ermine, the Grizzly Bear, the Musk Ox, the Polar Bear, the Harlequin Duck, the Snowy Owl, the Arctic Hare, the Rock Ptarmigan, the King Penguin, the Arctic Tern, and the Snow Goose. These animals all have adapted to the cold climate and have gained thick fur or feathers to protect themselves from the cold. Some of which have adapted to have white fur/feathers blending into the snow.
The polar bear and the Arctic fox: The Polar bear allows the arctic fox to follow it and join in the kill. The arctic fox in turn is allowed leftover scraps from the polar bear. Competition- Musk ox and Caribou. When food is hard to come by Musk ox and caribou will fight over the same scraps of food.
We recommend that in the summer you wear
thick jackets, heavy jeans, hiking boots, and
warm gloves and a hat.
We recommend in the winter that you wear as
many layers as possible and a wind proof layer
on the outside. Wear thick layers underneath
and cover every part of your body.
This biome has threats to it relating to climate change.
The largest threat is global warming. If it heats up, the
ice will melt and many endangered species will die.
This biome has threats to it relating to climate change.
The largest threat is global warming. If it heats up, the
ice will
The Polar Bear, the Musk Ox, the Caribou, and the Arctic Fox are all endangered animals because of global warming, oil spills, and human hunting

Cooperation/Competition
Some of the abiotic factors in this biome include strong winds, low rainfall, poor soil nutrition, short summers, and frozen subsoil. The strong winds sometimes cause many types of plants to up root and animals struggle for warmth. Also the low rainfall makes it challenging for organisms to stay hydrated, especially because most of the precipitation consists of snow. Poor soil nutrition makes it challenging for plants to grow and therefore makes it hard for animals to find food. Frozen subsoil is a permanently frozen layer of outer soil which makes it difficult for plants to grow in certain regions.
For such a barren landscape many people are surprised at how many different types of plants live in the tundra. The bearberry bush, arctic moss, Caribou moss, Diamond leaf willow, Labrador Tea, Pasque Flower, and the Tufted Saxifrage are all common plants that can be found. Many plants have adapted by having short stems to avoid being blown away from strong winds as well as hairy stems to keep warm and not freeze. The bearberry plant produces berries that are eaten by many types of birds. The bearberry plant is native to the tundra and is found in no other biome. The Diamond leaf willow is a plant eaten by many animals because of its high nutrition content including vitamin a, c and calcium.
Aleutian Wormwood
This plant mainly grows in the tundra of alaska near the Aleutian Islands. It is a small plant that does not bloom much but has small flower heads. When it is in bloom, it produces small leaves and blossoms with sand colored hairs.
Bering Sea Douglasia
It mainly grows in arctic regions such as the tundra. When it is flowering, it produces pink petals that turn white. After flowering, its stem grows to about 2.5 inches tall.
Sessile-Leaved Scurvy-Grass
It grows in many types of tundra regions.
It usually only grows to be 3 cm but no larger than 7 cm
when flowering, it produces fruits that are large for its size.
For many of these plants, little is known of reasons of endangerment other than small population size and

Some activities you can do in a Tundra biome is Skiing. While skiing you can see all the beauty of Alaska and have a skiing vacation. Another thing is Hiking, there are many things to remember while hiking in the tundra, for your safety and the safety of the biome. While hiking, remember to keep a comfortable pace, not to fast and not to slow. if you walk too fast you'll miss some very interesting things, if you walk too slow you will not finish the trail in a sufficient time. A final activity you can do is animal watching. You can see all the wildlife of the tundra in this activity without danger of the animal harming you or you harming the animals.
The tundra is generally understood to refer to a thin band of latitude in the far Northern Hemisphere, distinguished by short growing seasons and freezing temperatures, which impede plant and tree growth. Tundra as a biome may also exist in Antarctica, and at some high altitudes throughout the rest of the world, but this is not usually referred to as simply the tundra. Although extremely cold, large swaths of the tundra are still home to native peoples, include the Sami in Sapmi, north of the Nordic countries, and the Nenets and Nganasan in northern Russia. Travel to the tundra can be difficult, and there are few permanent places of interest in this part of the world – however, many interesting attractions can be found throughout the latitude.
Most tundras are located near the North pole
in North America, Europe, and Asia. It is
the northern most biome on the planet.
You can visit all sorts of Biomes close to the tundra like the Taiga Forests or the Temperate Forests.
The End
Sources
http://www.worldweatheronline.com/Tundra-weather-averages/Alaska/US.aspx

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss5/biome/tundra.html

http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/about/habitat_types/selecting_terrestrial_ecoregions/habitat11.cfm

http://traveltips.usatoday.com/need-travel-tundra-biome-63816.html

http://www.ri.net/schools/West_Warwick/manateeproject/Tundra/plant.htm
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/tundra-profile/ http://www2.lhric.org/kat/3tundra.htm
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/tundra-biome-tundra-plants-and-animals.html https://sites.google.com/a/ncps-k12.org/artic-tundra/arctic-tundra-on-earth/native-animals-and-adaptations
http://www.tundraanimals.net/guide/polarbear.html
http://oildrillingh.tripod.com/id14.html
http://alpinetundrabiome.weebly.com/biotic-and-abiotic-factors.html
http://www.mbgnet.net/sets/tundra/index.htm


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