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The Tempest

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Ines Caballer

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of The Tempest

The Tempest
> Shakespeare's last work.
> It was written entirely by him in 1610.
> Performed in 1611.
Table of Contents
1. Overview
- Plot
- Play's Characteristics

2. Characters
- Main Characters
- Secondary Characters
- Other Characters

3. Themes

4. Structure & Analysis
- Act I
- Act II

5. Conclusion
1. Overview
Prospero, betrayed by his brother Antonio, seeks for revenge.
Play's Characteristics
> This play is based on the wreck of Sir Thomas Gates' ship, and the providential survival of his company.
> Experimental play.
> The play seems like a hall of mirrors (parallelism):
- Two sets of father and child
- Two pairs of brothers
> Sense of confinement.

Title's Meaning
Literal Point of View
- Violent and strong storm.
- It is also related to the weather.
Symbolic Point of View
- Prospero's magic, justice and power.

Rhythm Reasons
- 'Tem' comes from Latin 'Tempestas' which means Time. It can be translated as 'tempo' in English which also means time in English and means time in relation to speed or degree of movement in action
2. Character's List
Main Characters
> Prospero
> Ariel
> Caliban
> Antonio
> Sebastian
> Alonso
> Gonzalo
Secondary Characters
> Miranda
> Trinculo
> Ferdinand
> Stephano
Other Characters

> Adrian & Francisco
> Boatswain
> Mariners
> Iris
> Ceres
> Juno
> Nymphs
> Reapers

Q2.'Alack, for pity!
I, not remembering how I cried out then,
Will cry it o'er again; it is a hint
That wrings mine eyes to't.'
(Miranda, 1.2.133)

> Illusion of justice
> Power
> The Supernatural: magic
> Freedom & Confinement
> Men vs. Monsters

> Loss and Restoration

3.Structure & Analysis
> Alonso's loss
Usurpation of the throne
Power Struggle
> Colonialism
Play's genre
'New' genre
Q1. 'My brother an thy uncle, called Antonio-
I pray thee mark me, that a brother should
Be so perfidious- he, whom next thyself
Of all the world I loved, and to him put
The manage of my state, as at that time
Through all the signories it was the first,
And Prospero the prime duke, being so reputed
In dignity, and for the liberal arts
Without a parallel; those being all my study,
The government I cast upon my brother,
And to my state grew stranger, being transported
And rapt in secret studies. Thy false uncle-
Dost thou attend me?- (Prospero, 1.2.66)
>New Shakespearean genre.
>New elements: magic and the supernatural.
>Moral and didactic play.

Q3. 'O, if a virgin,
And your affection not gone froth, I´ll make you
The Queen of Naples'.

>Masters and Servants
>Mysterious Noises
>Prospero's Books
Q5.Boatswain(To the lords): 'Yet again? What do you here? Shall we give
o´er and drown? Have you a mind to sin.'
Sebastian: 'A pox o´your throat, you bawling, blasphemous, incharitable dog.'
Boatswain: 'Work you then.'
Q6.Ariel: All hail, great master, grave sir, hail! I come
To answer thy best pleasure; be´t to fly,
To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride
On the curled clouds. To thy strong bidding task
Ariel, and all his quality.
Q7. Prospero: 'Thou poisonous slave, got by the devil himself
Upon thy wicked dam, come forth!'
Caliban: 'As wicked dew as e´er my mother brushed
With raven´s feather from unwholesome fen
Drop on you both! A south – west blow on ye,
And blister you all o´er'
Q8. 'Full fathom five thy father lies;
Of his bones are coral made;
Those are pearls that were his eyes;
Nothing of him that doth fade
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something rich and strange.
Sea- nymphs hourly ring his knell.
Hark, now I hear them, ding dong bell.'
Q9. Ariel: 'Come unto these yellow sands,
And then take hands.
Curtsied when you have, and kissed,
The wild waves whist.
Foot it featly here and there,
And sweet sprites the burden bear.
Hark, hark
The watch- dogs bark
Bow wow, bow wow.
[Spirits dispersedly echo the burden ‘Bow wow`]
Hark, hark! I hear
The strain of strutting Chanticleer,
Cry cock- a- diddle- dow. (Ariel, 1.2.374)

Source of Power
> Gonzalo's speech
Q14. 'I'th'commonwealth I would by contraries
Execute all things. For no kind of traffic
Would I admit; no name of magistrate;
Letters should not be known; riches, poverty,
And use of service, none; contract, succession,
Bourn, bound of land, tilth,vineyard,none;
No use of metal, corn, or wine, or oil;
No occupation, all men idle, all;
And women too, but innocent and pure;
No sovereignty-'
(Gonzalo, 2.1.145)
Q12. 'You cram these words into mine ears, against
The stomach of my sense: would I had never
Married my daughter there. For coming thence
My son is lost, and, in my rate, she too,
Who is so far from Italy removed
I ne'er again shall see her. O thou mine heir
Of Naples and of Milan, what strange fish
Hath made his meal on thee?' (Alonso, 2.1.101)
Q13. 'My lord Sebastian,
The truth you speak doth lack some gentleness,
And time to speak it in;
you rub the sore
When you should bring the plaster.' (Gonzalo, 2.1.131)
Q10.Where should this music be? I’th’air, or th’earth?[…] (Ferdinand, 1.2.387)
Q4.'You taught me language, and my profit on't
Is, I know how to curse. The red plague rid you
For learning me your language!' (Caliban, 1.2.363)
Q11. 'Nor I; my spirits are nimble.
They fell together all, as by consent
They dropped, as by a thunder-stroke. What might,
Worthy Sebastian, O, what might?- No more.
And yet, methinks I see it in thy face,
What thou shouldst be. Th' occasion speaks thee, and
My strong imagination sees a crown
Dropping upon thy head.'
(Antonio, 2.1.198)

Q15. '
This is some monster of the isle
, with four legs, who hath
got, as I take it, an ague. Where the devil should he learn our language?
I will give him some relief if it be but for that. If I can
recover him, and keep him tame, and get to Naples with him, he's
a present for any emperor that ever trod on neat's leather.' (Stephano, 2.2.61)
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