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Transcript of The Troubles
school books about Ireland
1990 - 1993
"Hume Adams Document" Abition to bring the peace process to an end
Down Street Declaration
secret contact between Albert Reynolds and the senior members of Sinn Féin
secret contact between Northern Ireland and the IRA
IRA declared an absolute ceasefire
UDA and UVF give also ceasefire declarations
End of the year:
renewed discussions of the British government and Sinn Féin
Withdrawal of British soldiers (in response to the cease of the underground organizations)
9th February :
IRA ends the ceasefire with a bombing in the London Docklands
new Labour Government (British Prime Minister Tony Blair) takes talks with Sinn Féin
Condition IRA ceasefire
Good Friday Agreement
Conclusion of peace between Protestants and Catholics: The Good Friday Agreement ("Good Friday Agreement") provides for the creation of a regional parliament, a regional government, the release of prisoners and cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The IRA promises to surrender their weapons
71.2 percent of the population vote in a referendum on the Agreement.
Elections to the regional parliament
A group, called the "Real IRA", placed bombs in the town Omagh.
29 people died. 350 people are injured.
First terrorists released from prison.
The Protestant David Trimble of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the moderate Catholic nationalist John Hume receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
Pro-British Protestants and Catholics republican form a provincial government. Northern Ireland's first Prime Minister is David Trimble.
After 27 years of direct british rule is Northirland indepenent again.
• still no peace in Ireland
• Suspension of the catholic side from Ireland
• IRA have to put their weapons down
• If not, David Trimble would resign.
7th to 8th March:
Two british soldiers died after an attack of the REAL IRA
Two other soldier and a civilian badly injured
2 days later a police officer shot by Continuity IRA
car-bomb-attack in Omagh
a policeman died
21st and 22nd June:
great riot 700 mostly young violent people of both confessional group and the police
a police officer had been wounded
annunciation about the reestablishment of the IRA by many splitter groups
decree about hoisting the british flag at the town hall
bloody riot between loyalists and nationalists in Belfast
1991 : After 15 Years of war
First knowledge of the Empire
Coalition between Sinn Féin and DUP (Democratic Unionist Party)