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Punctuation

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by

Hannah Merlo

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Punctuation

Punctuation By: Hannah and Cambree Commas * Use a comma after an interjection
that expresses mild feeling.
Ex: Hey, there's a baseball game
on Saturday.

* Use commas to separate items in a
series.
Ex: He aimed, focused, and took
the picture.

* Use a comma between two or more
adjectives that come before a noun.
Ex: Leon photographed the
dilapidated, rusty jalopy.

* Use a comma to separate the simple
sentences in a compound sentence.
Ex: We wanted a picture of the
sunrise, but it rained that day.

* Use a comma to set off quotations.
Ex: He actually said, "I do not care." Ellipsis * An Ellipsis is something left out or not done in parts of words or sentences.

* Ellipses are used to build suspense.

Examples:
-Slowly, he opened the door...
-Quietly, he trotted off... Dash Colon * Use a colon before a list
Ex: There are three countries in North America: Mexico, the USA, and Canada.
* Use a colon after the greeting in a business letter.
Ex: Dear Mrs. Tomasello:
Dear Sir:
* Use a colon when you write the time to separate the hour from the minute.
Ex: 8:40 A.M. Semi Colon * Use a semi colon in place of the conjunction when the relation between two clauses is very clear.
Ex: I practiced for three hours; now I'm ready.
* Use a semi colon to join two independent clauses when the second clause begins with an adverb such as "however, therefore, consequently, besides, moreover, furthermore, or nevertheless"
Ex: I played my best; however, I still need more practice. Quotation Marks When you write a direct quotation, you write the speakers exact words from the rest of the sentence.
You use a comma to separate the the quotation from the rest of the sentence.

Ex: "Please open your books now," said Mr. Emory.

Place question marks and exclamation points that belong to the quotation inside the quotation marks.

Ex: "Where is Tasmania?" asked the teacher.

An indirect quotation tells what someone said without using the speaker's exact words. Do NOT use quotation marks around indirect quotations.

Ex: Kim said that Tasmania is off the coast of Australia. *Use a dash to set off a sudden change of thought or an afterthought, or to mean namely or in other words.
Ex: The game-it went into overtime-was really exciting. Parentheses Parentheses indicate another type of interruption. They enclose information that isn't necessary to the meaning of a sentence or information that some readers may already know.

Ex: Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) was a pioneer in aviation.

The president (Cooper Smith) presented the award. Apostrophes A punctuation mark used to mark possessives of nouns and pronouns.

Ex: I am = I'm
You are = You're

When the s is added to a word simply to make it a plural, no apostrophe is used (except in expressions where letters or numerals are treated like words).

Ex: The Smith's
Cucumber's for sale As I sat on the dock accompanied by my life-long love, we sat together staring into the sunset. Flashbacks whirl in my mind of that day ten years ago when we knew our lives would be changed forever. I felt the warmth of his hand nestled into mine as I thought about our wedding day. Every part of that day playing in my head: the wedding, the reception, the first day of the rest of our lives.
A specific one that sticks in my head is when he faced me-looking straight into my eyes- and said, "I do." Although these past ten years have flown by, many, many milestones have passed (I wish they could have lasted forever).
As the night came to an end and the sun was almost down; the slight breeze takes the falling leaves and takes them for a ride.
The only words I could possibly think of saying to him are, “I love you..." Punctuation Pres. Cand
Article 1 p. 72
Article 2 p. 77
Article 3 Comma Dash Ellipsis Colon Semi Colon Quotation
Marks Parentheses Apostrophe Two girls -
Malia (14) and
Sasha (11).
* to make a list Honolulu, Hawaii
* to separate a city and a state Malia (14) and Sasha (11)
* to show extra info but not in the direct sentence New York's
*Show possession -------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- If you were there...
*to create a pause and lead into the next subject A year ago, in 1609,
*to separate extra information Miller Park, the stadium where the Brewers play, is a fun place to go.

There's only one place I wish I could be... the Eiffel Tower.

We waited in line for the water slide; eventually we went down.

There are many animals scampering through the forest including: Tigers, Jaguars, Lions, and Monkeys.

"Look at the reflection of the balloons on the lake," she said.

"Honey I'm heading-" he explained.
"To the golf course, I know," she interrupted. Mickey Mouse went on a picnic; Minnie decided to join him.

Obama's presidential speech went very well.

I wonder what crazy outfit Lady Gaga will wear next...this could be interesting!

If Mitt Romney becomes president then he promises to:
lower taxes, balance the budget, and create jobs.

Oprah Winfrey (a television host) now has her own network.

Homer Simpson is a father, husband, and friend on "The Simpsons." ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Tobacco, rice, and indigo
*to separate items in a series indigo- a plant used to make blue dye-
*used to add in extra information barbarity...are practiced upon
*to create a pause/ add suspense ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1
Comma 2
Quotation Marks 3
Apostrophe 4
Semi Colon 5
Colon 6
Parentheses 7
Ellipsis 8
Dash The comma is the most important type of punctuation because:

* It is the most commonly used
* It affects the flow of how you read a sentence. The dash is the least important type of punctuation because:

*You rarely see dashes in writing.
*It doesn't have such a big affect in writing as any other types of punctuation do. The apostrophe is the 3rd most important punctuation because:

*If words don't have any apostrophes and they are contracted words, it will look really weird and also be incorrect writing.

*Apostrophes are used a lot in writing especially when you are talking about someones or a groups items. Quotation marks are the second most important type of punctuation because:

*If someone is supposed to be talking in a story and there are no quotation marks, how would you even know?
*They are used all of the time especially for dialogue. The Semi Colon is the 4th most important punctuation type because:
*You use it to replace a conjunction, so it is not the most important to have, but still is something you should know about. The colon is the 5th most important punctuation type because:
*You can use it to list off things but most people just use commas to separate items.
*It is not used a whole lot other than in time. Parentheses are the 6th most important punctuation type because:
*They aren't very common in writing and you rarely see them.

*You don't use them for many things other than putting extra information in a sentence but not directly. An Ellipsis is the 7th most important punctuation type because:
*Never use them that often but are still more common that dashes.

*Only used mainly to create suspense.
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