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UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division

UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division
by

ivana buffa

on 3 May 2016

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Transcript of UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division

GEOGRAPHY -MISLEADING

GEOGRAPHY includes PHYSICAL, ECONOMIC and HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
OBJETIVOS GENERALES

Reconocer la importancia de los estudios culturales en el aprendizaje y la enseñanza de las lenguas extranjeras.
Conocer la realidad geográfica de los dos países de habla inglesa más representativos: el Reino Unido y los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica
Reafirmar los conocimientos geográficos sobre nuestro propio país. Apreciar cómo la geografía en todas sus ramas (física, humana, económica) moldea la cultura de los pueblos.

Cultura y Civilización de los Pueblos anglo parlantes (Traductorado)

Prof. Ivana BUFFA

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY has do to with the LAND FORMS, the TOPOGRAPHY, the RELIEF, the RIVERS, the COASTLINES, the SEAS, the CLIMATE, BORDERS, etc.
ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY deals with the way in which the physical aspects determine the economy: the economic activities. How the primary, the secondary, the tertiary sectors are regulated by the physical components.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY includes the way in which
the population of the country originated, its historical development, the customs and traditions, the different institutions that make up a country
as such: government, education, religion, etc.
WHY STUDY GEOGRAPHY?
YOU CANNOT TEACH or MASTER the language of a people without knowing the CULTURE of such people
For example:
23
wetbacks
were caught this side of the border- Geraldo- The House..
the meeting at
Number 10
was successful
She pretended to be a 21st cent.
Lady Godiva
The
49ers
get their eleventh
SUPER BOWL
PHYSICAL ASPECT & RELIEF of the UK
POLITICAL DIVISION
THE WEATHER
UNION JACK -FLAG - PUBLIC BUILDINGS - SPORTS EVENTS-
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PEOPLE
FIRTH OF FORTH
firth = estuary
FORTH = river
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN & NORTHERN IRELAND - THE BRITISH ISLES - (IRELAND & UK of GB & NI) - two separate states
UK (E,S,W,NI) POLITICAL EXPRESSION
BRITAIN - GREAT BRITAIN ( three nations: E; W; S) GEOGRAPHICAL EXPRESSION- the biggest of the group of islands
SCOTLAND - EDINBURGH - 1707
ENGLAND - LONDON
NORTHERN IRELAND - BELFAST
WALES - CARDIFF - part of the English administrative system 16th cent
IRELAND - DUBLIN - THE EMERALD ISLAND - EIRE - THE REPUBLIC - 1922
England & English are incorrectly used to refer to the WHOLE OF GREAT BRITAIN
ready everyone?
The flag of England represents the cross of ST. GEORGE
a red X on white of St George for ENGLAND
ENGLAND -ST GEORGE'S CROSS
ST. ANDREW'S CROSS
SCOTLAND
the white X on blue of St Andrew for SCOTLAND
1603 SCOTLAND & ENGLAND WERE UNITED
ST. PATRICK'S CROSS
IRELAND
the red X on white of St Patrick for IRELAND
IRELAND became part of the UK in 1801
WALES- 1950s - RED/WELSH DRAGON- OFFICIAL SYMBOL of WALES -PUBLIC BUILDINGS
TEMPERATE with plentiful rainfall
cool summers & mild winters - the winds coming from the SW- the winds have a moderating effect on land temperatures -the North Atlantic Drift ( a drift of warm surface water which flows from the Atlantic Ocean towards the British shores).
mildest land areas SW & W
warmest places SE & E
the coolest places Northern Scotland & north- west Ireland

THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS:
1- Northeastern portion: cool summers, cold frosty winters
2- Southeastern portion: warm summers, cold winters
3- Southwestern portion: mild summers, mild winters, abundant rainfall especially in winter
4- Northwestern portion: cool & cloudy summers, mild winters, with snow in the mountains, abundant rainfall
SCILLY ISLES - ISLES OF SCILLY
REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
CLIFFS OF DOVER
STONEHENGE
DALES =VALLEYS
SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS
HADRIAN'S WALL
The THAMES
FIRTH=ESTUARY
THE LAKE DISTRICT
LOCH NESS
Specific vocabulary:
Latitude:
It's measured in parallels.

Distance in degrees of a point North or South of the EQUATOR. Countries are situated according to S or N.
Longitude:
Distance in degrees of a point East or West of the Greenwich meridian
Relief:
(mountains, valleys, highlands, lowlands, surface, cliffs)
Cliffs
: Type of coast some countries have. They are like walls. In the northern hemisphere there are many countries with this type of coast
Uplands:
(areas of high land: plateau, range, peak)
Plain:
flat land = lowland
Plateau:
flat land but elevated- meseta
Peak:
the highest point in metres
Range:
chain of mountains, a continuous sequence of mountains
Mount:
peak
Estuary:
an aspect of the coast where the river meets the sea. It is the form the river takes - it's like an opening.
Gap:
paso/corte. A range is interrupted by a valley.
Hills
: lower mountains
Rivers:
they have banks (ribera, orilla)
Peninsula:
a portion of land that extends into the sea
Weather
means the conditions of temperature, rainfall, wind and other elements of the atmosphere at a particular time
Climate,
for a month, a season or a year, is the average of the weather conditions for these times over a long period of time

55 BC marks the first presence of the Romans on the British Isles.
Before that they were inhabited by different peoples (they were not completely settled). They were Barbarians.
1. Iberians:
They were not originally from the island but came from Spain and Portugal. (dark-haired - Mediterranean race)
2. The Celtic race/ the Celts
- they left strong mark on the island
A- Gaels
(Scottish & Irish people still speak the Gaelic language)

B - Britons
(they gave the name to the whole island-Britain)
The true native British is white–haired & white skinned.
C- the Picts
(coming from Scotland)
the Scots
(coming from Ireland), undertook periodic attacks against Britain's western shores with no significant success.


3.
The Romans
invaded Britain in 55 BC. They didn’t leave a permanent settlement before 55BC. But in 43BC they started to develop the Roman presence on the island. (forts, ports)
Caster (endings in different names)
Cester= Latin word = fortification/military camp
The Romans contributed a lot in terms of architecture.
The Hadrian's Wall = from Newcastle to Carlisle
When the empire came to an end the Anglo-Saxons arrived.

4-
Angles - Saxons - Jutes:

They came from German origin.
They gave a part of the character to British people.
They form the basis of the modern English race.
the ANGLES were so numerous that the country was called (Angle= Land) - SAXONS
They were in Britain until 9 th century AC.
People who left a lot of their mark on British Isles.

b)
Evaluación:
Los alumnos deberán
participar activamente
durante el transcurso de las clases, llevar a cabo las actividades programadas, y mantener su lectura de la bibliografía al día.
Si por alguna razón no se alcanzara a cubrir los temas del programa, se deberá estudiar/cubrir en forma personal.

a) Categorías de alumnos:

los alumnos podrán ser
regulares o no-regulares
y cumplirán con los requisitos sobre la regularización establecidos por la Ordenanza 01/2013.
No existe la categoría de alumno libre para los módulos del espacio curricular Estudios Culturales.
Son alumnos
regulares
aquellos que
i) logran aprobar los dos exámenes globales de cada país, ii) obtienen una calificación de 70% en cada uno de los dos exámenes, iii) lectura del material obligatorio.

Quien no alcance estos tres requisitos será alumno no-regular.
Los alumnos regulares y no-regulares que no aprueban el módulo durante el ciclo lectivo en curso (en las tres instancias de examen final estipuladas) deben recursarlo.

c) Aprobación y promoción:
se tomarán
dos exámenes parciales integradores.
El primer examen versará sobre el Reino Unido y el segundo sobre EE.UU. Dichos exámenes se desarrollarán el
24 de mayo y el 16 de junio de 2016,
respectivamente.
Aquellos alumnos que no aprueben alguno de los dos exámenes, o cuya nota sea menor a 70% y que hayan estado ausentes en alguno de los dos por causa debidamente justificada y certificada, podrán rendir un examen recuperatorio solamente de uno de los dos exámenes integradores a fines
de julio de 2016,
en fecha a determinar y concertar con el profesor.

Los alumnos que después de esta instancia aún permanezcan en situación de
no aprobación
por cualquiera de las situaciones mencionadas (no aprobar o estar ausente)
podrán rendir un segundo examen recuperatorio, también de sólo uno de los dos exámenes integradores, en
diciembre de 2016,
previa consulta con el profesor.

En el mes de febrero de 2017 habrá una tercera instancia recuperatoria, la que será de carácter global e integrador (los dos temas: Reino Unido y EE.UU).
Se dará esta oportunidad solamente a aquellos alumnos que para esa fecha hayan aprobado los otros
tres módulos de Estudios Culturales l.
La fecha y hora será acordada con el profesor y la Coordinadora de Estudios Culturales.


The Hebrides
The Orkney Islands
The British people are a mixture of different races and they invaded Britain at various times from Europe
IBERIANS
CELTIC RACE/THE CELTS
GAELS - BRITONS
PICTS - SCOTS (towards the decline of the Roman settlement)
ROMANS 55BC - 43BC
ANGLES-SAXONS-JUTES 6th & 7th centuries AD
VIKINGS - DANES 8thC AD
NORMANS - 1066- WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
DURANTE LOS EXÁMENES GLOBALES ESTÁ PROHIBIDO EL USO DE LOS CELULARES.

SE RECOMIENDA TRAER EL MAPA POLÍTICO DE AMBOS PAÍSES (UK & U.S.) PARA PODER TRABAJAR CON ELLOS EN FORMA INDIVIDUAL/GRUPAL EN CADA CLASE.

OUR BLOG: https://geographyukus.wordpress.com
booklet, maps, useful links, tentative schedule, prezis, syllabus, videos, etc!
email address: ivabuffa2002@gmail.com
Area & Population:
The UK has a total area of 244.108 square Km, made up as follows:
- England: 130.447 sq. Km.
- Scotland: 78.775 sq. Km.
- Wales: 20. 766 sq. Km.
-Northern Ireland: 14. 120 sq. Km.
Population:
UK: 64.000.000 inhabitants
England: the largest population
Bath
6- The Germanic conquerors were conquered by the Norman French -
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR
defeated the Saxon King Harold at the Battle of Hastings, in 1066.
- It was from the union of the Norman conquerors and the defeated Anglo- Saxons that the English people and the English language were born.
Conclusion:
- the English people are Anglo-Saxon in origin but the Welsh, the Scots and the Irish are descendants of the ancient Celts.
INVADERS CONTRIBUTION

IBERIANS dark- haired features

CELTS (GAELS - BRITONS) Scottish, Welsh & Irish race & culture

ROMANS Latin alphabet & civilization

ANGLO-SAXONS English race & culture

DANES some dialectal variations in North and East England

NORMANS final unification of England- great administrative

progress - English civilization linked to France rather

than to Scandinavia foundation of aristocracy- new

agricultural methods were introduced - the language
William the Conqueror
the Battle of Hastings

Celtic mythology:
King Mannan
was supposed to live in the island- the name was shortened to the
Isle of Man -
It's known as
Mann
It's located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland- lying in the centre of the Irish Sea - important route between England & Ireland
1-Natural resources (obtention of the raw material)- E.g:
coal-steel-iron
timber (Br E)/lumber (Am E)
wood used for building or making things =logging/explotation of wood=explotación forestal - PRIMARY SECTOR of ECONOMY
2-industry: processing of natural resources
dairying: obtention of milk from the cows (dairy industry) - SECONDARY
3- by-products: productos derivados (milk-cheese-butter) - TERTIARY
BORDERS
RIVERS
They give the possibility for people to be connected with the whole country.
England was connected with other cities by well built
canals (artificial) -join one river to another-useful for transportation
Nowadays they are used turistically
POLITICAL DIVISION
Dover is a city in the southeast of England which is closest to Calais in France
The coast of Dover is made of chalk
It's in an area of cliffs
THE WHITE CLIFFS OF DOVER
strait: a narrow passage of water connecting two large areas of water
1.
Eurotunnel = Channel tunnel between Britain and France
double track railway that goes under the water and reappears in France
50 km long - it opened in 1994
deep openings/estuaries
FIRTH=ESTUARY
SCOTLAND
RELIEF
HIGHEST PEAK
ISLANDS
several RIVERS with
river Exe (south)-river Tees (north)
WEST = UPLAND AREA
EAST = LOWLAND
ENGLAND
RELIEF
Great Britain is situated between latitudes
50 & 60 degrees north
,off the northwest coast of the European continent
What's the consequence of this position?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
The United States of America
Effects:

1- Before the discovery of America (the end/edge of the non-civilized world) People knew that the world ended there. 1400
2. After the discovery of America ( in the middle of the main oceanic highways between Europe & America)
3- the continental shelf (area of land that submerged during the Ice Age- indented=irregular=rugged coastlines/ natural harbours/ navigation/shipping -sea faring (adj) country
4- islands=isolated from big conflicts (wars) -protected - they could develop their economy & culture
5- latitude- climate is temperate- NORTH ATLANTIC DRIFT- it receives the GULF STREAM =warm water from Mexico - stable economic activities
VOCABULARY:
to share a border with (v)
to lie on the border (v)
to border sth (v)
boundary (n)
south/north of the border
to the west of sth/ in the west
WEST
EAST
SOUTH
Firth of Forth -EAST-EDINBURGH
Firth of Clyde-WEST-Glasgow
motorcycle race
mild weather because of the latitude
pony
36 km long
CAPITAL CITIES
ENGLAND - LONDON
SCOTLAND- EDINBURGH
WALES - CARDIFF
NORTHERN IRELAND - BELFAST
What's the NAME of the country? CONFUSING!!!!!!!
1-GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES:
Great Britain & the British Isles
GREAT BRITAIN
includes: (SCOTLAND, ENGLAND & WALES)
GB
doesn't include
NORTHERN IRELAND
BRITISH ISLES:
(GB & the whole of Ireland- Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland)

2- POLITICAL UNIT_ POLITICAL DIVISION
THE UNITED KINGDOM of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

The south of Ireland forms an INDEPENDENT STATE called THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND -EIRE-THE EMERALD ISLAND

UK
IS A STATE (its inhabitants elect members to represent them in a parliament in LONDON. SCOTLAND-WALES & NORTHERN IRELAND retain a
degree of autonomy
in running some of their own affairs
(ONE STATE, FOUR NATIONS!!!)
Newcastle
Carlisle
Hadrian's Wall
5- VIKINGS-DANES (DENMARK)
good sailors-good systems of navigation-ship building - they love fishing/navigation- sea faring (adj) race/people
MAY 3 Introduction – UK: Physical Aspects –
Political Division
MAY 4 UK: Regional Approach –
The Southeast of England – London
MAY 5 The Southeast - East Anglia
MAY 10 Scotland – Wales - Northern Ireland
MAY 11 Northern Ireland -The North
MAY 12 The North - The Southwest
MAY 17 The Southwest The Midlands
MAY 18 The Midlands - Culture: education, government, religion, customs, traditions Completion of unfinished topics
MAY 19 Review for Mid-Term Test
MAY 24 Mid Term test: UK
The U.S. : Physical aspects – Political division - Regions: The Northeast
MAY 25 HOLIDAY
MAY 26 The U.S. : Physical aspects – Political division - Regions: The Northeast
MAY 31 The Northeast
JUNE 1 The Southwest
JUNE 2 The Midwest
JUNE 7
The Mountain Region = The Rocky Mt region
JUNE 8 The Southeast
JUNE 9 The Pacific Region
JUNE 14 Culture: education, government, religion, customs, traditions
JUNE 15 Completion - Review of End of Term Test
JUNE 16 End of Term Test: U.S.A

Panorama Geográfico Cultural de las Naciones de Habla Inglesa (Profesorado/Licenciatura)
SOME USEFUL TIPS:

STUDY WITH THE MAPS & the prezi!!
READ THE NOTES SYSTEMATICALLY
READ THE BIBLIOGRAPHY
STUDY NO LESS THAN TWO HOURS A DAY
world map
the official line that separates two countries,areas, states, etc
relief: the shape of the soil/ground/earth
the variation of the ground
the features of the ground in a territory
a combination of relief features
darker/yellowish area= mountainous area= highlands
green area= flat area
GLENNMORE= VALLEY
Scotland is surrounded by more than 790 islands
Shetland Islands
Orkney Islands
Outer/Inner Hebrides
firth of Forth
firth of Clyde
imaginary line
Eastanglia
=the fens
estuary
ISLANDS
IRISH SEA
TO THE SOUTHWEST
strait= a passage of water between two areas of land
cliff: an area of rock with a steep side at the edge of the sea
2. FERRY SERVICE - BOATS
three flags on top o each other
CHRISTIAN COUNTRIES- PROTECTORS
peace
Irish Protestants
Irish Catholics
HADRIAN'S WALL
Full transcript