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UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division

UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division
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ivana buffa

on 13 May 2018

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Transcript of UK: Physical Aspects & Political Division

GEOGRAPHY -MISLEADING

GEOGRAPHY includes PHYSICAL, ECONOMIC and HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
OBJETIVOS GENERALES

Reconocer la importancia de los estudios culturales en el aprendizaje y la enseñanza de las lenguas extranjeras.
Conocer la realidad geográfica de los dos países de habla inglesa más representativos: el Reino Unido y los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica
Reafirmar los conocimientos geográficos sobre nuestro propio país. Apreciar cómo la geografía en todas sus ramas (física, humana, económica) moldea la cultura de los pueblos.

GEOGRAPHY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE US

Prof. Ivana Beatriz BUFFA GHELLINAZA

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY has do to with the LAND FORMS, the TOPOGRAPHY, the RELIEF, the RIVERS, the COASTLINES, the SEAS, the CLIMATE, BORDERS, etc.
ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY deals with the way in which the physical aspects determine the economy: the economic activities. How the primary, the secondary, the tertiary sectors of economy are regulated by the physical components.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY includes the way in which
the population of the country originated, its historical development, the customs and traditions, the different institutions that make up a country
as such: government, education, religion, etc.
WHY STUDY GEOGRAPHY?
YOU CANNOT TEACH or MASTER the language of a people without knowing the CULTURE of such people
For example:
23
wetbacks
were caught this side of the border- "Geraldo, No Last Name - The House on Mango.."
the meeting at
Number 10
was successful
She pretended to be a 21st cent.
Lady Godiva
The
49ers
get their eleventh
SUPER BOWL
PHYSICAL ASPECT & RELIEF of the UK
POLITICAL DIVISION
THE WEATHER
UNION JACK -FLAG - PUBLIC BUILDINGS - SPORTS EVENTS-
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PEOPLE
FIRTH OF FORTH
firth = estuary
FORTH = river
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN & NORTHERN IRELAND - THE BRITISH ISLES - (IRELAND & UK of GB & NI) - two separate states
UK (E,S,W,NI) POLITICAL EXPRESSION
BRITAIN - GREAT BRITAIN ( three nations: E; W; S) GEOGRAPHICAL EXPRESSION- the biggest of the group of islands
SCOTLAND - EDINBURGH - 1707
ENGLAND - LONDON
NORTHERN IRELAND - BELFAST
WALES - CARDIFF - part of the English administrative system 16th cent
IRELAND - DUBLIN - THE EMERALD ISLAND - EIRE - THE REPUBLIC - 1922
England & English are incorrectly used to refer to the WHOLE OF GREAT BRITAIN
ready everyone?
The flag of England represents the cross of ST. GEORGE
a red X on white of St George for ENGLAND
ENGLAND -ST GEORGE'S CROSS
ST. ANDREW'S CROSS
SCOTLAND
the white X on blue of St Andrew for SCOTLAND
1603 SCOTLAND & ENGLAND WERE UNITED
ST. PATRICK'S CROSS
IRELAND
the red X on white of St Patrick for IRELAND
IRELAND became part of the UK in 1801
WALES- RED/WELSH DRAGON- OFFICIAL SYMBOL of WALES -PUBLIC BUILDINGS
TEMPERATE with plentiful rainfall
cool summers & mild winters - the winds coming from the SW- the winds have a moderating effect on land temperatures -the North Atlantic Drift ( a drift of warm surface water which flows from the Atlantic Ocean towards the British shores).
mildest land areas SW & W
warmest places SE & E
the coolest places Northern Scotland & north- west Ireland

THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS:
1- Northeastern portion: cool summers, cold frosty winters
2- Southeastern portion: warm summers, cold winters
3- Southwestern portion: mild summers, mild winters, abundant rainfall especially in winter
4- Northwestern portion: cool & cloudy summers, mild winters, with snow in the mountains, abundant rainfall
SCILLY ISLES - ISLES OF SCILLY
REPUBLIC OF IRELAND = IRELAND
1922 became independent from UK
CLIFFS OF DOVER
STONEHENGE
DALES =VALLEYS
SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS
HADRIAN'S WALL
The THAMES
FIRTH=ESTUARY
THE LAKE DISTRICT
LOCH NESS
Specific vocabulary:
latitude:
It's measured in parallels.

Distance in degrees of a point North or South of the EQUATOR. Countries are situated according to S or N.
longitude:
Distance in degrees of a point East or West of the Greenwich meridian
relief:
(mountains, valleys, highlands, lowlands, surface, cliffs)
cliffs
: Type of coast some countries have. They are like walls. There are many countries with this type of coast in the northern hemispheres
uplands:
areas of high land: range, peak
plain:
flat land = lowland
plateau:
flat land but elevated- meseta
peak:
the highest point in metres
range:
chain of mountains, a continuous sequence of mountains
mount:
peak
estuary:
an aspect of the coast where the river meets the sea. It is the form the river takes - it's like an opening.
gap:
paso/corte. A range is interrupted by a valley.
hills
: lower mountains
rivers:
they have banks (ribera, orilla)
peninsula:
a portion of land that extends into the sea
weather :
means the conditions of temperature, rainfall, wind and other elements of the atmosphere
at a particular time
climate:
for a month, a season or a year. It is the average of the weather conditions for these times
over a long period of time

55 BC marks the first presence of the Romans on the British Isles.
Before that, they were inhabited by different peoples (they were not completely settled). They were Barbarians.
1. Iberians:
They were not originally from the island but came from Spain and Portugal. (dark-haired - Mediterranean race)
2. The Celtic race/ the Celts
- they left strong mark on the island
A- Gaels
(Scottish & Irish people still speak the Gaelic language)

B - Britons
(they gave the name to the whole island-Britain)
The true native British is dark–haired & white skinned.
C- the Picts
(coming from Scotland)
the Scots
(coming from Ireland), undertook periodic attacks against Britain's western shores with no significant success.


3.
The Romans
invaded Britain in 55 BC. They didn’t leave a permanent settlement before 55BC. But in 43BC they started to develop the Roman presence on the island. (forts, ports)
Caster (endings in different names) LAN
CASTER
Cester= Latin word = fortification/military camp -WOR
CESTER
The Romans contributed a lot in terms of architecture.
The Hadrian's Wall = from Newcastle to Carlisle
When the empire came to an end the Anglo-Saxons arrived/invaded Britain

4-
Angles - Saxons - Jutes:

They came from German origin.
They gave a part of the character to British people.
They form the basis of the modern English race.
the ANGLES were so numerous that the country was called (Angle=Land)
They were in Britain until 9 th century AC.
People who left a lot of their mark on the British Isles.

b)
Evaluación:
Los alumnos deberán
participar activamente
durante el transcurso de las clases, llevar a cabo las actividades programadas, y mantener su lectura de la bibliografía al día.
Si por alguna razón no se alcanzara a cubrir los temas del programa, se deberá estudiar en forma personal.

Los alumnos que después de esta instancia aún permanezcan en situación de
no aprobación
por cualquiera de las situaciones mencionadas (no aprobar o estar ausente) podrán rendir
un segundo examen recuperatorio de carácter global e integrador en diciembre de 2018.
Se dará esta oportunidad solamente a aquellos alumnos que para esa fecha hayan aprobado los otros tres módulos de Estudios Culturales l. La fecha y hora será acordada con el profesor y la Coordinadora de Estudios Culturales.




The Hebrides
The Orkney Islands
The British people are a mixture of different races and they invaded Britain at various times from Europe
IBERIANS
CELTIC RACE/THE CELTS
GAELS - BRITONS
PICTS - SCOTS (towards the decline of the Roman settlement)
ROMANS 55BC - 43BC
ANGLES-SAXONS-JUTES 6th & 7th Centuries AD
VIKINGS - DANES 8th C AD
NORMANS - 1066- WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
DURANTE LOS EXÁMENES GLOBALES ESTÁ PROHIBIDO EL USO DE LOS CELULARES.
SE RECOMIENDA TRAER EL MAPA POLÍTICO DE AMBOS PAÍSES (UK & U.S.) PARA PODER TRABAJAR CON ELLOS EN FORMA INDIVIDUAL/GRUPAL EN CADA CLASE.
USAR GOOGLE MAP
OUR VIRTUAL CLASS: http://www.virtual.ffyl.uncu.edu.ar/course/view.php?id=207
PASSWORD: GeoUKUS_2018
OUR BLOG: https://geographyukus.wordpress.com
booklet, maps, useful links, tentative schedule, prezis, syllabus, videos, etc!
email address: ivabuffa2002@gmail.com
Area & Population:
The UK has a total area of 244.108 square Km, made up as follows:
- England: 130.447 sq. Km.
- Scotland: 78.775 sq. Km.
- Wales: 20. 766 sq. Km.
-Northern Ireland: 14. 120 sq. Km.
Population:
UK: 64.000.000 inhabitants
England: the largest population
Bath
6- The Anglo-Saxons were conquered by the Norman French -
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR
defeated the Saxon King Harold at the
Battle of Hastings, in 1066
.
- It was from the union of the Norman conquerors and the defeated Anglo- Saxons that the English people and the English language were born.
Conclusion:
- the English people are Anglo-Saxon in origin but the Welsh, the Scots and the Irish are descendants of the ancient Celts.
INVADERS CONTRIBUTION

IBERIANS dark- haired features

CELTS (GAELS - BRITONS) Scottish, Welsh & Irish race & culture

ROMANS Latin alphabet & civilization

ANGLO-SAXONS English race & culture

DANES some dialectal variations in North and East England

NORMANS final unification of England- great administrative

progress - English civilization linked to France rather

than to Scandinavia foundation of aristocracy- new

agricultural methods were introduced - the language
William the Conqueror
the Battle of Hastings

Celtic mythology:
King Mannan
was supposed to live in the island- the name was shortened to the
Isle of Man -
It's known as
Mann
It's located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland- lying in the centre of the Irish Sea - important route between England & Ireland
1-Natural resources (obtention of the raw material)- E.g:
coal-steel-iron
timber (Br E)/lumber (Am E)
wood used for building or making things =logging/explotation of wood=explotación forestal - PRIMARY SECTOR of ECONOMY
2-industry: processing of natural resources
dairying: obtention of milk from the cows (dairy industry) - SECONDARY SECTOR OF ECONOMY
3- by-products = end products: productos derivados (milk-cheese-butter) - TERTIARY SECTOR OF ECONOMY
BORDERS
RIVERS
They give the possibility for people to be connected with the whole country.
England was connected with other cities by well built
canals (artificial) -join one river to another-useful for transportation (Industrial Revolution 18th C )
Nowadays they are used turistically
POLITICAL DIVISION
Dover is a city in the southeast of England which is closest to Calais in France
The coast of Dover is made of chalk. It's in an area of cliffs
THE WHITE CLIFFS OF DOVER
strait (estrecho): a narrow passage of water connecting two large areas of water
TWO WAYS TO GET TO CALAIS:
Eurotunnel = Channel tunnel
between Britain and France
double track railway that goes under the water and reappears in France - 50 km long - it opened in 1994
deep openings/estuaries
FIRTH=ESTUARY
SCOTLAND
RELIEF
HIGHEST PEAK
BEN NEVIS 1345 mts
ISLANDS
several RIVERS with
river Exe (south)-river Tees (north)
WEST = UPLAND AREA=HIGHLAND SECTOR
EAST = LOWLANDS= FLAT LANDS
ENGLAND & WALES - RELIEF
Great Britain is situated between latitudes
50 & 60 degrees north
, off the northwest coast of the European continent
What's the consequence of this position?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
The United States of America
Effects:
1- Before the discovery of America (the edge of the non-civilized world) people knew that the world ended there (1400)
2. After the discovery of America ( in the middle of the main oceanic highways between Europe & America)
3- the continental shelf =plataforma continental (area of land that submerged during the Ice Age- indented=irregular=rugged coastlines/ natural harbours/ navigation/shipping -sea faring (adj) country
4- islands=isolated from big conflicts (wars) -protected - they could develop their economy & culture
5- latitude- climate is temperate (mild) - NORTH ATLANTIC DRIFT- it receives warm water from the GULF STREAM =warm water from Mexico - stable economic activities
NORTH ATLANTIC DRIFT: a current of warm water in the Atlantic Ocean that has the effect of making the climate of North Western Europe much warmer
VOCABULARY:
to share a border with (v)
to lie on the border (v)
to border sth (v)
boundary (n)
south/north of the border
to the west of sth/ in the west
WEST
EAST
SOUTH
Firth of Forth -EAST-EDINBURGH
Firth of Clyde-WEST-GLASGOW
motorcycle race
mild weather because of the latitude
pony
36 km long
CAPITAL CITIES
ENGLAND - LONDON
SCOTLAND- EDINBURGH
WALES - CARDIFF
NORTHERN IRELAND - BELFAST
LONDON IS ALSO THE CAPITAL OF THE COUNTRY - UK
What's the NAME of the country? CONFUSING!!!!!!!
1-GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES (relief):
Great Britain & the British Isles
GREAT BRITAIN
includes: (SCOTLAND, ENGLAND & WALES)
GB
doesn't include
NORTHERN IRELAND
BRITISH ISLES:
(GB & the whole of Ireland- Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland)

2- POLITICAL UNIT_ POLITICAL DIVISION
THE UNITED KINGDOM of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

The south of Ireland forms an INDEPENDENT STATE called THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND -EIRE -THE EMERALD ISLAND

UK
IS A STATE (its inhabitants elect members to represent them in a parliament in LONDON. SCOTLAND-WALES & NORTHERN IRELAND retain a
degree of autonomy
in running some of their own affairs
(ONE STATE, FOUR NATIONS!!!)
Newcastle
Carlisle
5- VIKINGS-DANES (DENMARK)
good sailors-good system of navigation-ship building - they love fishing/navigation- sea faring (adj) race/people
SOME USEFUL TIPS:

STUDY WITH THE MAPS & the prezi!!
READ THE NOTES SYSTEMATICALLY
READ THE BIBLIOGRAPHY
STUDY NO LESS THAN TWO HOURS A DAY
OFTEN CHECK THE VIRTUAL CLASS
world map
the official line that separates two countries,areas, states, etc
relief: the shape of the soil/ground/earth
the variation of the ground
the features of the ground in a territory
a combination of relief features
darker/
yellowish
area=
mountainous
area= highlands
green
area= flat area =
lowlands
GLENNMORE= VALLEY
Scotland is surrounded by more than 790 islands
Shetland Islands
Orkney Islands
Outer/Inner Hebrides
firth of Forth
firth of Clyde
imaginary line
Eastanglia
=the fens
estuary
ISLANDS
IRISH SEA
TO THE SOUTHWEST
cliff: an area of rock with a steep (escarpado) side at the edge of the sea
2. FERRY SERVICE - BOATS
it's a combination of three flags on top of each other
CHRISTIAN COUNTRIES- PROTECTORS
peace
Irish Protestants
Irish Catholics
HADRIAN'S WALL
islands of GB (SCOTLAND, WALES & ENGLAND)
& NI
RELIEF
relief SCOTLAND
SNOWDON (WALES)
1100 mts
second highest mountain
The CORNWALL DEVON MOUNTAINS= THE SOUTHWEST MOUNTAINS
a- EXMOOR
b- DARTMOOR
c- BODMIN MOOR

a) Categorías de alumnos:
los alumnos podrán ser regulares o no-regulares y cumplirán con los requisitos sobre la regularización establecidos por la Ordenanza 01/2013. No existe la categoría de alumno libre para los módulos del espacio curricular Estudios Culturales. Son alumnos regulares aquellos que
i) logran aprobar un examen global de los dos países con una calificación de 60% en cada uno de los dos exámenes; ii) aprobar 5 de 7 quizzes en el aula virtual con 60%; iii) dos assignments en el aula virtual con 60%
.
Quien no alcance estos TRES requisitos será alumno no-regular. Los alumnos regulares y no-regulares que no aprueban el módulo durante el ciclo lectivo en curso (en las DOS instancias de examen final estipuladas) deben recursarlo.
d) Aprobación y promoción: Se tomará un (1) EXAMEN PARCIAL INTEGRADOR
a todos los alumnos que hayan cumplido las exigencias mencionadas anteriormente. El examen global de los dos países, el Reino Unido y los Estados Unidos se desarrollará el
jueves 21 de junio de 2018,
respectivamente.
Se evaluará los temas desarrollados y una práctica escrita (genre: reports)
. Aquellos alumnos que no aprueben el examen global, o cuya nota sea menor a 60% y que hayan estado ausentes por causa debidamente justificada y certificada, podrán rendir un examen recuperatorio a fines de julio de 2018, en fecha a determinar y concertar con el profesor.


WEST
EAST
river Tees
river Exe
CAMBRIAN Mts
WELSH Mts
The Pennines
The Pennine Chain/Range
THE CORNWALL DEVON PENINSULA
UPLAND AREA
the numbers represent where the rivers rise
one country
another country
west
east
1603
1801
1922
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES I
MODULE:
Geography of the UNITED KINGDOM of GREAT BRITAIN & NORTHERN IRELAND & the US
CLASS SCHEDULE 2018

MAY 8 Introduction – UK: Physical Aspects –
Political Division
MAY 9 UK: Regional Approach –
The Southeast of England – London
MAY 10 The Southeast - East Anglia
MAY 15 The Southwest
MAY 16 The Midlands
MAY 17

VIRTUAL CLASS Scotland
assignment #1
MAY 22 The North
MAY 23 Wales & Northern Ireland
MAY 24 Culture: education, government, religion, customs, traditions Completion of unfinished topics
MAY 29 The U.S. : Physical aspects – Political division - Regions -
MAY 30 The Northeast
MAY 31 The Northeast
JUNE 5 The Southwest
JUNE 6

VIRTUAL CLASS The Midwest
assignment # 2
JUNE 7 The Mountain Region = The Rocky Mt region-
JUNE 12 The Southeast
JUNE 13 The Pacific Region
JUNE 14 Culture: education, government, religion, customs, traditions - Completion -
JUNE 19 Reports - festivities Review of End of Term Test
JUNE 20 HOLIDAY
JUNE 21 End of Term Test: UK & U.S.A -REPORTS

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