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Historical Periods Presentation
Transcript of Historical Periods Presentation
The Origins of Drama
Drama During the Renaissance
With the rebirth of theater in Europe during the 16th century came the interest from all walks of life not just the nobility. Down front at every performance would be the common man or laborers looking for a little entertainment and diversion. The plays themself reflected this wide interest by featuring stories with both classical themes, heroes and Kings and Queens as well as ever present comic relief. It was in this mixing of what is even considered today as both highbrow and lowbrow entertainment that Elizabethen dramas satisfied all walks of life from balconies to the beer soaked rows in front of the stage. At the time of the Renaissance there were puritanical forces that believed theater was a corupting diversion taking people away from values of hard work and focus on religion. Patrons of the theater were very important they provided powerful protection. One well placed patron could provide a theater troup with cover against detractors and critiques.
Elements of Music
of the Renaissance Era
Tomas Tallis (1510 - 1585)
Mr. Tallis was an English composer and church musician and considered one of the best church composers.
Josquin Des Prez (1440-1521)
He was most popular because he was able to combine different types of music and make it his own it was unique. His music was contemporary.
Pierre de La Rue (1460-1518)
His consisted of vocal music only primarily lower voicing.
Claudio Monteverdi (1567 - 1643)
Claduio revolutionized music during that time period which included the first dramatic Opera ("Top Eight Renaissance Composers", 2015).
Important Historical Events
The movement known as the Renaissance involved the rediscovery of letters, arts, and artifacts from classical antiquities. The Renaissance began and era of new ideals, social, political, and economical changes that would encourage the intellectual and spiritual orientation known as Humanism (Abrams & Greenblatt, 2006).
Abrams, M., & Greenblatt, S. (Eds.) (2006). The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Major Authors (8th ed., Vol. A). New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
CliffsNotes. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/t/the-taming-of-the-shrew/ william-shakespeare-biography
Elements of music. (2015). Retrieved from http://musiced.about.com/od/beginnerstheory/a/musicelements.htm
Italian Renaissance Art. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/renaissance-art.htm
Renaissance. (n.d.) Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved from http://encyclopedia.com
Renaissance For Kids. Ducksters.com. Retrieved from http://ducksters.com/history/renaissance.
Renaissance Dance. (2015). Wikipedia.org. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance_dance
Renaissance Dance. (2015). Library of Congress. Retrieved from: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/dihtml/diessay2.html
("Top Eight Renaissance Composers", 2015).
Image retrieved from www.betterlifepillars.com
The origins of Renaissance drama can be found in the Middle Ages. When religious pageants presented to the people stories of the bible and religious teachings of the church. By the Elizabethan era the spirit of the Renaissance and Humanism had spread from its origins in Italy throughout Europe and affected all of the arts including drama. Instead of biblical bible stories and religious pagents, writers and audiencences wanted down to Earth stories that featured Kings, Queens, comedies, and tragedies.
Born in 1564 in Canterbury England, Christopher Marlowe is one of the leading dramatist of the age. Christopher Marlowe left as much interesting drama on stage as he lived off stage. Like one of his own tragic heroes, such as Dr, Faustus or Tamburlaine he rose quickly to stardom as a playwright and then just as quickly faded from the public stage. In a shroud of mystery assasinated as a secret agent or killed in a common street fight depending on the version. It is believed that William Shakespeare was influenced by Marlow's works which include.
Dido, Queen of Carthage
Tamburlaine the Great
Edward the Second
The Massacre at Paris
The Jew of Malta
image retrieved from http://www.nytime.com
Image retreived from https://framptonwiki541a.wikispaces.com/Group+Four
Image retrieved from http://www.william-shakespeare.info/william-shakespeare-pictures.htm
Image retrieved fromhttp://cory-sincennes.squarespace.com/romeo-and-juliet/
Dance in the Renaissance time period consisted of two, broad dance categories; Court dances and Country dances.
The Court dances were used for entertainment purposes only and performed by skilled dancers under the guidance of a master trainer.
The Country dances were informal dances that could be performed by anyone. Court dances in formal situations were often followed by country dances where the spectators joined in.
The movements of the Renaissance began in the 1400s and lasted until the 1600s. The movement originates in Florence, Italy. It moved all over Europe, especially to Rome and Venice. During the time of the Renaissance many artists used humanism in their paintings, sculptures and their architecture. Humanism, which was recently rejected by the church, prospered because of the weakness of the church. Many significant and well-known artists lived during the Renaissance. These artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, and Mantegna. Each if these artist either painted amd had humanism in their artwork. For example, Leonardo da Vinci, painted the Mona Lisa, Raphael painted the
School of Athens, Michelangelo painted, the Sistine Chapel, and Mantegna painted The Baptism of Christ.
Born in 1564 he was an English poet, playwright, and actor he is known as the greatest dramatist of all time. His works include 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and other verses. Most of William Shakespeare’s work was produced, between 1589-1613, his early plays mostly consisted of histories and comedies and then in 1608 most of his works consisted of tragedies. In his lifetime only half of his works were published, but his first recorded works are Richard III and Henry VI. William Shakespeare was not held in high esteem as a playwright during his time, he gained popularity as Britain’s premiere dramatist in the late eighteenth century and worldwide acclaim for his storytelling and sensibility by the end of the nineteenth century. William Shakespeare is one of the most studied and performed playwright around the Western world (“Cliffsnotes”, 2016).
All's Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
Comedy of Errors
Love's Labour's Lost
Measure for Measure
Merchant of Venice
Merry Wives of Windsor
Midsummer Night's Dream
Much Ado about Nothing
Taming of the Shrew
Two Gentlemen of Verona
Henry IV, Part I
Henry IV, Part II
Henry VI, Part I
Henry VI, Part II
Henry VI, Part III
Anthony and Cleopatra
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Troilus and Cressida
The earliest printed dance manuscipts are from 16th century France and Italy. Major contributors to the Renaissance dance movement of the 16th and 17th century were; Thoinot Arbeau(France), Fabritio Caroso(Italian), and Cesare Negri(Italian).
The dances often varied in style and pace from slow, stately dances to fast vibrant dances. The fast paced dances involved styles where feet rarely left the floor. Dances involved a variation of choreographed, while others were improvised on the spot.
Popular dances of the time were slow dances such as; Bassadance, Pavane, and Almain. Faster paced dances included; Galliard, Coranto, and Canario.
The renaissance period lasted from the 14th century to the 17th century. Renaissance means "rebirth" and this period is between the middle ages and modern times (ducksters.com).
Humanism was a big part of the renaissance and it spread throughout Europe. Humanism was a philosophy that people should be educated about classical art, literature, and science (ducksters.com).
Important Historical Events Cont.
Johanes Gutenberg invented the printed presses in 1450.
Henry VIII became King of England in 1509.
Henry VIII separated the Church of England from the Catholic Church of Rome in 1534.
Elizabeth I became the Queen of England in 1558.
Galileo discovered the moons of Jupiter in 1610.
The Thirty Years War began in 1618.
One of the biggest aspects of the Renaissance period was the abundance of art. Sculptures, paintings, and buildings were the most popular art forms but many other art forms were produced during this period. Realism was common in a significant amount of art including visual art and theater. Another way these disciplines are interrelated is through their popularity with royalty and other leaders. Kings, Queens, Popes, and other important figures would hire artists to paint and perform. The renaissance period had a major influence in the world of art and the art continues to make an impact.
When listening to music one may notice different things going on such as sound, whether or not the music is soft or loud. These are called characteristics of music.
Beats / Rhythm - the patterns of beats within music.
Dynamics - the volume of the piece of music.
Harmony / Melody - Melody is the tune of music and harmony is a relationship of different music notes played together.
Pitch - The sounds of the music note. Higher or lower note.
Texture - layers of music within the piece of music ("Elements Of Music", 2015).
Visualizations of Dance
Image retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance_dance
Image retrieved from: http://arthistorynewsreport.blogspot.com/2014/12/pieter-brueghel-younger-at-auction.html
Image retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1677329_1677708_1677726,00.html
Image retrieved from http://englishhistory.net/tudor/monarchs/queen-elizabeth-i/
Image retrieved from http://j.whyville.net/smmk/whytimes/article?id=63
Image retrieved from http://www.historyisnowmagazine.com/blog/2014/3/31/how-many-wives-did-king-henry-viii-have-here-is-the-story-of-number-seven#.Vj_Q_PmrTIU=
King Henry VIII
Gutenberg Printing Press
Queen Elizabeth I
Image retrieved from http://www.wikiart.org/en/leonardo-da-vinci/mona-lisa Leonardo da Vinci 1504
Image retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel_ceiling
The Mona Lisa
The Sistine Chapel
Image retrieved fromhttp://www.ducksters.com/biography/artists/raphael.php
The School of Athens
Historical Periods Presentation
Marissa Fells, Ashley Jackson, Katie McClane, Carey Robertson, Stephen Hong
November 9, 2015
Image retrieved from http://www.wga.hu/html_m/m/mantegna/11/4funera1.html
The Baptism of Christ
Tomas Tallis ("Top Eight Renaissance Composers", 2015).
Movement of Music
Fine arts to off during the Renaissance era. The time period is between 1400's and 1600's. During this time period there was a major turn in the development of classical music due to the musicians mentioned before. Without them classical music would be drastically different. Music was seen as a social standing, to have musical talent was high class ("Top Eight Renaissance Composers", 2015).
Pierre de La Rue ("Top Eight Renaissance Composers", 2015).