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Sectors of Canada's Economy

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Sydnee Percy

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Sectors of Canada's Economy

Sectors of Canada's Economy
Sort These Jobs
Lobster Fisherman
Hairdresser
Auto assembly line
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Newspaper reporter
Market Researcher
Professional scuba diver
Gas station attendant
Furniture maker
Financial analyst
Key Ideas
The jobs that people do can be divided into three categories: primary, secondary & tertiary industries.
Many geographers think that there is a fourth category called: quaternary industries.
Types of Industry
What are the sectors of our economy?

How do basic and non-basic activities contribute to the economy?
Basic & Non-Basic Industries
Basic Industry
: industry that sells its products outside the community, bringing money into the community.

Types of Industries & Basic/Non-basic Activities
Primary Industry
Industry that deals with the production of primary products such as minerals that are mined or quarried, or an agricultural product that is harvested in its raw state.
Examples: agriculture, mining, forestry, farming, hunting and gathering, fishing, and quarrying.
Secondary Industry
Industry dealing with manufacturing or construction (finished goods). All of manufacturing, processing, and construction lies within the secondary sector.
Examples: metal working, automobile production, textile production, energy utilities, engineering, construction, and shipbuilding.
Tertiary Industry
Industry that provides services rather than goods. This sector provides services to the general population and to businesses.
Tertiary worker:
person who works in services. This sector of the economy includes government services, retail and wholesale, transportation, banking, entertainment, education and utilities.
Quaternary Industry
highly specialized (and usually expensive) knowledge-based technological and support services; processing ideas rather than products.
Quaternary worker:
person who works in an industry that involves intellectual services, such as writing software and architectural design, the high tech industry, research and development, and information technology.
A nation’s economy can be divided into various sectors to define the proportion of the population engaged in each.
Dividing these sectors shows us a chain of distance from the natural environment.
The chain starts with the primary sector, which focuses on the utilization of raw materials from the earth. From there, the distance from the raw materials of the earth increases.
In most developed and developing countries, a
growing proportion of workers
are devoted to the tertiary sector.
Sector Pyramid
Basic Service:
service provided by basic industries to people/businesses outside the community, thereby bringing money into the community from the outside & ensuring its survival
Non-Basic Industry:
industry that sells its products within the community. It does not bring money into the community.
Non-Basic Service:
service that is provided within the community.
Canada's economy depends on:
Production
Provision of Services
Consumption
Sugar refiner
Stephen Harper
Archaeologist
Strawberry picker
NHL player
Justin Bieber
Gourmet chef
Coal miner
President of Apple
Geography teacher
P - Primary, S - Secondary & T - Tertiary
Thought of as a
sub-sector
of the tertiary industry.
Full transcript