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Child Labour

Discusses the gradual reduction and future methods to resolve child labour.
by

Dushanthi Dissanayake

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Child Labour

Child Labour
By: Dushanthi D & Madhurja B
Around the World
What is Child Labour
Child Labour = The use of children for work (could be as part of a business or job), particularly when the work being assigned is dangerous or prohibited.
WORK in the BALLOON FACTORY
•Work that often physically, mentally, or emotionally harms children
•About 215 million children across the world between the 5 and 17, are being forced to work in unsafe illegal conditions
UNICEF Child Labour PSA
Statistics
Over 150 million children are working in dangerous conditions.
73 million children are less than 10 years old
22 000 children DIE because of work-related issues
Annually, over 1 million children are victims of human trafficking.
1. Myanmar (Burma)
40% of children don’t get an education,
Burmese army employs youth – some are 12 years old
Others forced into agriculture or collect street trash
2. North Korea
Placed in labor camps as punishment for political offences.
Although laws prohibit, children still work in factories and fields.
3. Somalia
• Almost 40% of all children under 15 work
• Used in armed conflict, as bodyguards or sex slaves within militias
• Children work with unsafe equipment in the farming sector
History
History Cont'd.
• Public became aware of child labour (e.g. via novel “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens)
• European countries followed by the US passed laws on child labour (improved conditions and the minimum working age)
• Canada: Not much child labour because little industry existed until the 1900s – prohibition laws were passed soon after
• Increased child labour = less educated/illiterate children
• Lower percent of educated children = lower living standards (restricted growth of future generations)
• Lower living standards = Lower HDI = Less service/tertiary jobs (higher paid) = Continuation of Poverty
• Lower GDPs = Less national income
• By eliminating child labour and educating ALL children, the global income would increase by $4.3 trillion (22%)
Effects of Child Labour:
Resolutions
• Make sure every child has a right to an education
• Make sure all children have a childhood (don’t have to work)
• Make the voices of all children heard
Free the Children
• Progressively eliminate child labour globally
• Raising awareness of this issue and promoting a global movement to stop child labour
• Maintains program with 88 countries (participate in projects to eliminate child labour)
ILO (International Labour Organization)
•Number of child labourers has declined by 1/3 since 2000, (from 246 million to 168 million)
• Girls: Reduced by 40% (since 2000); Boys: Reduced by 25% (since 2000)
• Increased awareness = More progress in stopping child labour
• Continued attempts at stopping child labour = More chance for success
Conclusion:
Organizations
• Promote the right to free public education for everyone (particularly women in those in developing nations)
• Work with International Labour Organisation, UNESCO, and ICTFU to eliminate child labour
• Demand that governments guarantee all children be provided with adequate nutrition during the school day

Talking Issues - Wordpress:
http://talkingissues.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/sa_pa-child_labour-child_labour_in_vietnam-demographics_of_vietnam-vietnam-vietnamese_people.jpg

Profitguide.com:
http://www.profitguide.com/news/child-free-labour-beats-low-prices-39721

LaurenceMiall:
http://laurencemiall.com/2010/07/

Curlygirlglass:
http://curlygirlglass.blogspot.ca/2009/11/todays-reality-check-child-labor.html

Laborawareness – Wordpress:
http://laborawareness.wordpress.com/statistics/

Humanium.org:
http://www.humanium.org/en/child-labour/

Blogspot.ca:
http://indiaholic.blogspot.ca/2010/10/statistical-information-on-child-labour.html

worldwithoutgenecide.org:
http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/burma

Scholastic.com:
http:/ http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/history-child-labor/i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2013/04/12/article-2307937-193FE0CC000005DC-270_964x653.jpg

Ilo.org:
http://www.ilo.org/ipec/lang--en/index.htm#a1

Filipspagnoli – Wordpress:
http://filipspagnoli.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/child_labor_world.jpg

Blogspot.com:
rhodahassmann.blogspot.com

Livehup.com:
http://www.livehiup.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/bangladesh-factory-collapse.jpg

Soschildrensvillages.org.uk:
http://www.soschildrensvillages.org.uk/images/general/India-illiterate-adults.png/image_preview

References:
Late 1700s – Early 1800s
• Invention of more power-driven machinery caused an increase in factories
• Factory owners employed children (cheaper to pay and work didn’t require much strength)
• Mid 1800s, child labour was a HUGE problem globally
• 1810 – 2 million children worked 50-70 hours/week
o Children began working before 7 – operated spinning mills or carried heavy goods
o Factory Conditions: Unsanitary/dirty, dark, and humid
Top 3 Countries with Child Labourers
Bangladesh Textile Factory Incident
Occured: In Dhaka, Bangladesh (2013) on April 24th (9 am)
Part of the Rana Plaza (8 stories high)
Search for dead ended: May 13
Death Toll: 1129
About 2515 people were rescued from the building with injuries alive
Reason: Error in building structure - used poor quality building materials and didn't meet the building code and approved limit.
Bangladesh Textile Factory Failure
Believed the most FATAL fact clothing/garment-factory garment accident in history
Most FATAL architectural structure failure in known modern history.
The building contained: clothing factories, a bank, apartments, and various other stores.
All except the factories closed after the discovery of cracks in the building - warnings were given to evacuate IMMEDIATELY
Factory workers were forced to attend work the following day or miss a monthly pay
Bangladesh Textile Factory Collapse
Bangladesh Textile Factory Collapse
Textile Factory Worker (South-Asia)
Field Worker (East Asia)
Full transcript