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Transcript of Bible Timeline
Intertestamental (or 2nd Temple Judaism)
The New Testament (or Greek Bible)
Bible Timeline: Three Eras
God creates the heavens and the earth.
God creates human beings in his image.
God judges Adam, Eve, Cain, and the world (flood) for their sin.
God saves Noah and his family and repopulates the earth through them.
God calls Abraham and promises to bless all people through him.
Abraham's blessing is passed on to his son Isaac and then to Isaac's son Jacob.
Jacob's name is changed to Israel and he has 12 sons who become the 12 tribes of Israel.
God rescues Abraham's descendants from slavery in Egypt.
God gives Israel the Ten Commandments
God gives Israel the priesthood and sacrificial system.
1440 (or 1260 BC)
After journeying through the wilderness for 40 years, God settles Abraham's descendants in the land of Canaan.
40 years later
God rules over Abraham's descendants through his chosen kings.
God promises to give King David an eternal kingdom.
Most of the kings are evil and lead Israel away from their true God.
1100 BC - 600 BC
God punishes Abraham's descendants by dividing the kingdom and sending them into exile in Babylon.
God restores Israel to the land he promised to give them.
God strengthens Israel to rebuild Jerusalem's temple and the city walls.
515 BC - 400 BC
Alexander the Great conquers Israel.
The process of Hellenization begins. (
= the spread of Greek culture and language.)
Antiochus Epiphanes (Syrian ruler) attacks Jerusalem and attempts to enforce Hellenism on Israel by desecrating the temple.
Judas Maccabeus leads a successful revolt against the Syrian forces.The temple is rededicated. The annual celebration of the rededication of the temple in 164 BC is called
167 - 164 BC
The Roman general Pompey conquers Israel.
Septuagint (or LXX)
translation is completed. The LXX = the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible completed about 100 years before Jesus' birth.
The LXX includes the 39 books of the Old Testament and 13 additional Jewish books known as the
Caesar Augustus begins his reign as Roman emperor.
Roman emperors reign over the Mediterranean world, including Israel, throughout the NT era.
The Roman emperors rule over Israel through Jewish kings known as the Herods.
Herod the Great dies and is succeeded by his three sons.
Jesus, a descendant of Abraham, is born in Israel.
Jesus performs miracles and teaches about God's kingdom.
Jesus is rejected by the Jewish authorities and crucified by the Romans.
Jesus rises from the dead and appears to his followers.
4 BC - AD 30
Jesus ascends to heaven and his Spirit descends on his followers.
Jesus' followers spread the good news of his death and resurrection.
Paul is converted and spreads the message to Gentiles (non-Jews)
The 27 books of the Greek New Testament are written.
The Romans destroy Jerusalem and the temple in AD 70.
AD 50 - AD 90
What historical patterns did you notice in this timeline?
Beginning - 400 B.C.
400 B.C. - 6 B.C.
6 B.C. - A.D. 90
Numbers and Joshua
1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings
2 Kings 24-25
Ezra and Nehemiah
The Four Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John