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Transcript of Halloween
"History of Halloween." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 3 Oct. 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/halloween/history-of-halloween>.
"The Origins of Halloween." The Origins of Halloween. Web. 3 Oct. 2015. <http://www.albany.edu/~dp1252/isp523/halloween.html>.
"Halloween History & Origin." Halloween History and Origin. Web. 3 Oct. 2015. <http://www.halloween-website.com/history.htm>.
"Fun Halloween Facts for Kids! Why Do We Go Trick-or-Treating? Why Do We Celebrate Halloween?" Fun Activities for Kids. 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 3 Oct. 2015. <http://www.kidsplayandcreate.com/fun-halloween-facts-for-kids-why-do-we-go-trick-or-treating-why-do-we-celebrate-halloween/>.
"Way Of Life: Traditional Estonian Lifestyle." Visitestonia.com. Web. 3 Oct. 2015. <http://www.visitestonia.com/en/about-estonia/estonian-culture/way-of-life-traditional-estonian-lifestyle>.
Valente, Adriano. "10 Ways Different Countries Celebrate Halloween." TheRichest. Web. 16 Oct. 2015. <http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/most-popular/10-ways-different-countries-celebrate-halloween/>.
"International Students Celebrate Different Halloween Traditions." CS News Net. 11 Oct. 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2015. <http://www.crowdersentry.net/international-students-celebrate-different-halloween-traditions/>.
"Martinmas and St. Catherine's Day." Martinmas and St. Catherine's Day. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
History of Halloween
- Celtic festival - Samhain (1st November)
English B HL
Miia Natka 12IB
All Souls' Eve
All Hallows' Eve --> Halloween
All Saints' Day
Celebrated all around the World
North America, Canada, Great Britain and Ireland - most popular
Burning of crops
Treats behind doors
Feared the upcoming winter, associating it with death and evil spirits
Every year on October 31st, The Druids celebrated the last day of the Celtic calendar
a pagan holiday, honoring the dead
bats , black cats, owls
FRUITS & BERRIES
representing winter store
+butternut squash and turnip
hollow turnips --> pumpkins
place light (candle) inside
scare evil spirits away from the houses
Placed on the window sill or outside in front of the door
Bobbing for apples
Telling ghost stories
The Irish introduced this tradition
farmers travelled house-to-house
asked food for the village Halloween festival
promised good luck to those who were generous
threatened those who were stingy
writing on doors with chalks
turning over garbage tins
sticking pins into doorbells
Fishing for presents , making masks, decorating houses
DO YOU KNOW?
How is the fear of Halloween called?
Why black and orange are the colors of Halloween?
- Dias de los muertos (Day of the Dead) on November 1st. It is a big celebration that honours family and friends who have passed away
- the people put away their knives on Halloween night because they do not want to risk harm to/from the returning spirits
- on November 2, “All Saints’ Day,” - a day similar to Christmas. The children wake up in the morning to find candy, gifts and cookies. Instead of Santa Claus, it is believed that the dead delivered the goodies to them.
Halloween in Asia
- Yue Lan (Festival of the Hungry Ghosts) on the 15th night of the seventh month. Fires are lit and food and gifts are offered to angry ghosts
- Teng Chieh (the Lantern Festival). Food and water - photographs of their departed relatives. There are also bonfires and lanterns that are lit in hopes of guiding spirits on a path back to Earth.
"Boats of the law" - to remember the dead and to free spirits of “pretas”--> ascend to heaven
- Matsuri or Urabon - Obon (lantern) Festival.
Red lanterns are hung around the area for the festivities, candles are then lit - placed into the lanterns - sent to float down rivers and seas
“Welcoming fires” - to guide spirits back to their homes
“Send-off fires” - after the festivities are over with
Roman harvest festivals of Pomona
which began in the ancient times as an evening of terror and horror, is now an occasion of great merriment for youngsters
HALLOWEEN IN ESTONIA
Kadripäev / St. Catherine’s Day
- November 25
Mardipäev / Martinmas
- November 10
Preparation for the upcoming winter
When Mart freezes then Kadri thaws or vice versa
- All Saints'/Souls' Day on November 2nd. Many visit churches and graves of the lost family members. At night, candles are lit on the windows of thousands of Estonian homes to greet the wandering souls.