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California State Water Project (SWP)

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Ana Castro

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of California State Water Project (SWP)

Ana Castro, Callie Bigham, Taylor Powell California State Water Project (SWP) CALIFORNIA STATE WATER PROJECT Transfers water from northern California to “water-poor” southern California. Agricultural users are mostly located in the San Joaquin Valley. THE EFFECTED Farmers and elected officials from California say “the tunnels will reduce the amount of fresh water in the delta and cause irreparable damage to fish and farmland by raising the level of salt water”. KEY TERMS RESERVOIR: An artificial lake used to store water. http://www.dmusd.org/domain/808 http://www.dmusd.org/domain/808 *It uses aqueducts, canals, reservoirs, pumps and dams to transfer water from northern California to southern California. “One of the world’s largest water transfer projects.” California State Water Project (SWP) -Transfers water to areas that would most likely be desert without this system. -70 % of the water goes to urban users and 30% goes to agriculture
-Delivers to 2/3 of California’s population -The main purpose is to store and distribute water to urban and agricultural suppliers URBAN USERS: A geographic area containing a community with a population of 2,500 or more. (Cities) AQUEDUCTS: A pipe or channel designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity BURNS PORTER ACT: Included contracts for water supplies that could not be changed by future legislature, funds for the construction of needed facilities, and funds for the water to be delivered to southern California Northern California aqueduct IRRIGATION: To supply dry land with water by means of ditches, pipes, or streams; water artificially. FISHERIES: A location where fish are raised and harvested for commercial purposes. ARID: A desert or other area that has little precipitation. REFERENCES -Textbook "Living In The Environment." - http://www.merriam-webster.com - http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/index.cfm - www.thefreedictionary.com/aqueduct - http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/milestones.cfm - http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/12/us/california-farmers-fear-impact-of-water-distribution-plan.html?_r=0 LAW ASSOCIATED WITH THE CALIFORNIA STATE WATER PROJECT Water Rights In 1960, California voted for the Burns-Porter act (formally known as the California Water Resources Development Bond Act) to finance construction of the state water project. The Burns-Porter act was barely passed with only 173,944 votes from 5.8 million ballots counted, even thought the water project sparked controversy throughoutthe entire state.
Northern Californians also feel as though they will be affected because they state that sending more water south will degrade the Sacramento River , which will threaten fisheries, and reduce the river’s power which flushes pollutants out of the San Francisco Bay. Southern Californians, on the other hand, state that if more water is not sent down to their top populated cities that food sources will deplete and their water thirsty crops, such as rice and alfalfa, will begin to die off. EVENTS 1929-1934: First lengthy statewide drought resulting in runoff that was less than 60 percent of average conditions.

1931: State engineer Edward Hyatt submits first official State Water Plan to the Legislature.

1956: California Department of Water Resources (DWR) was created during special legislative session.

1955-1956: Record breaking flood, which devastated Northern and Central California. Statewide, 64 deaths were recorded, most in Sutter County and Yuba City, and more than $200 million of property damage.

1957: Construction of Oroville Dam.

1959: Burns-Porter Act authorizing the State Water Project signed by Governor Pat Brown.

1960: State issues “contracting principles” to govern water service contracts of the State Water Project. Metropolitan Water District signs first State Water Project contract. California voters narrowly pass Proposition 1, the bond initiative to fund Burns-Porter Act State Water Project facilities. Margin of victory was 174,000 votes out of 5.8 million votes cast; the bonds won overwhelmingly in southern California and desert counties.

1962: State Water Project begins deliveries to districts in Santa Clara and Alameda Counties.

1968: State Water Project begins deliveries to contractors along the California Aqueduct, including Kern County Water Agency and Castaic Lake Water Agency. SWP Development http://californiawaterblog.com/page/8/ http://archive.truthout.org/files/images/1101093.jpg http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/history.cfm http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/history.cfm - http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/ - http://www.wakc.com/index.php/water-overview/sources-of-water/72-the-state-water-project-swp Events continued... 1972: State Water Project begins deliveries to Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, and other smaller desert region water agencies.

1976-1977 Worst drought in state history leaves California with less than 40 percent of average historical run REVIEW The California State Water Project is a water storage and delivery system of reservoirs, aqueducts, powerplants and pumping plants. Its main purpose is to store water and distribute it to 29 urban and agricultural water suppliers in Northern California, the San Francisco Bay Area, the San Joaquin Valley, the Central Coast, and Southern California. The SWP delivers to 2/3 of the states population and it is maintained and operated by the California Department ofWater Resources.
The reasons for the SWP is to improve thewater quality in the Delta, control River flood waters, provide recreation, and enhance fish and wildlife. KEY TERMS Reservoir Aqueduct Agricultural users Urban users Irrigation Fisheries Arid
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