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presentasi bahasa inggris

death penalty for corruptor
by

Septo Ahady

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of presentasi bahasa inggris

5. Death penalty is not relevant and out of date.
6. From the scientific studies for death penalty that have done by some institution in the world, were showing that death penalty fails to make a wary effect and ineffective among other types of penalties.
7. UN’s survey said that between 1998 and 2002 about the correlation between the practice of the death penalty and crime said punishment is not better than whole life penalty in order to give wary effect at murder case. Death penalty is one of criminal punishment for corruptor. But because this prophecy only a punishment choice then very rarely used as demands for the corruptor. But if it is viewed as one way to eradicate corruption, there should be beginning realization of punishment a death penalty for corruptor and we have to prevent missapplication of death penalty.Because death penalty is a very dangerous punishment,we have to supervise the use of this penalty. Hopefully we can provide additional knowledge for all of us especially in the field of criminal law especially with regard to criminal punishment of death for the corruptor. Conclusion 1. the revelation of facts and data based on socio-criminology, then the hopes from the past to solve or prevent heavy crimes with cruel death penalty is hopeless
2. Many people think that death penalty is not relevance with human rights, that every human has right to live as stated in the 1945 constitution article 28A.
3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Right (ICCPR) which regulates the right to live (right to life). Article 6 verse 1 of the ICCPR said “every human being has the right to life and get law protection right and no one can revoke that”.
4. Furthermore, Article 6 verse 2 said “for countries that do not remove the rules of death penalty, the decision only applies to crimes that include to serious category to the law at the time and have no contradiction with this covenants and Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Crime of Genocide”. cons Corruption is disease that hard to eradicate.
Force-full law did not frighten and threaten malefactor and corruptor.
Corruption is not only related to issues of pure law alone yet also regarding moral issues, and culture although it is still in debate.
Corruption and legal sanction interesting to examine at least caused by severan reasons.
First, that corruption is the hindrance of the development which still on doing. Corruption, a big matter yet still lingering in Indonesia is also caused a high cost economy.
Second, related to corruption, the implementation of the rule of law that attempts to tie down the corrupt has also given a severe threat, in the form of death penalty. However, in the implementation of such threats they rarely imposed as criminal sanctions. Has it made criminal of corruption more free to do so?
In the case of corruption, the corrupt can be sentenced to death according to the provisions of article 2, paragraph (2) of Law No.31 of 1999 on Eradication of Corruption Death Penalty For Corruptor It’s kind of situation that people, state institution misuse their authority with bribery and forgery etc. Literally, corruption means abomination, wickedness. Baharuddin Lopa quotes the opinion of David M. Chalmers, define that corruption as related with bribery and manipulation in economic sectors and public concern. Corruption (Latin: corruptio of a meaningful verb corrumpere rotten, corrupt, destabilizing, twisting, bribing). Literally, corruption is the behavior of public officials, both politicians. Politicians and civil servants, which is not fair and not legal to enrich themselves or those close to enrich, to the misuse of public power entrusted to them What’s Corruption? In Indonesian positive law, we know the existence of death penalty. In KUHP chapter II about penalty, article 10 explains about kinds of penalty, they are main penalty and additional penalty. Death penalty is a part of main penalty which get the first position.
The other rules of law in Indonesia make death penalty as one of their punishment, for example UU No.7/Drt/1955 about Economy crime, UU No. 22 / 1997 about narcotic and Psycotrophyca. UU No. 31/1999 which is changed into UU No. 20/2001 about corruption, UU No. 26 /2000 about Human Rights, etc.
Death penalty becomes a topic of debate when people ask “is death penalty still relevance as one of punishment in Indonesia?”.Many people think that death penalty is not relevance with human rights,that is right to live. Death Penalty in Indonesia Death Penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to dead by the state as a punishment of the crime (from Wikipedia) Definition Death Penalty Now we want to show you kinds of death penalty around the world Death Penalty Actually death penalty for corruptors is made to prevent the corruption. Heavy crimes and death penalty in Indonesia have an important relation. We can see from Indonesian Penal Code which threats heavy crimes with death penalty. By the time, there are changes and developments happen all over the world. Because of that, the penal history in the world reveals facts and data which is not same about two components above.
Because of the revelation of facts and data based on socio-criminology, then the hopes from the past to solve or prevent heavy crimes with cruel death penalty is hopeless.
The history of criminal law in the past revealed that there are opinions about death penalty which is considered as the most effective way to solve heavy crimes or other crimes. Not only in the past, but also in the present there are some people who look death penalty as the fastest way to exterminate crimes. Indonesia which is still concentrate to make a refreshment on its criminal law get a dilemma because of death penalty. There are so many pros and cons that try to defend their opinion. Of course this case will give big influence for the process of making a new Penal Code. INTRODUCTION Garrote 1901 execution by garotte in Manila
The garrote is the second method of execution on this list which is no longer sanctioned by law in any country though training in its use is still carried out in the French Foreign Legion. The garrote is a device that strangles a person to death (as in the photograph above). It can also be used to break a person’s neck. The device was used in Spain until it was outlawed in 1978 with the abolition of the death penalty. It normally consisted of a seat in which the prisoner was restrained while the executioner tightened a metal band around his neck until he died. Some versions of the garrote incorporated a metal bolt which pressed in to the spinal chord, breaking the neck. This spiked version is known as the Catalan garrote. The last execution by garrote was José Luis Cerveto in October 1977. Andorra was the last country in the world to outlaw its use, doing so in 1990. Stoning A stoning in Iran
Stoning to death is when a person’s movements are restricted and an organized group throws stones at them until dead. Under Islamic Sharia law, stoning is an acceptable method of execution and it is used in many Islamic nations. In Iran, stoning is sanctioned for adultery and other crimes. Article 104 of the Law of Hodoud provides that the stones should not be so large that a person dies after being hit with two of them, nor so small as to be defined as pebbles, but must cause severe injury.
“The penalty for adultery under Article 83 of the penal code, called the Law of Hodoud is flogging (100 lashes of the whip) for unmarried male and female offenders. Married offenders may be punished by stoning regardless of their gender, but the method laid down for a man involves his burial up to his waist, and for a woman up to her neck (article 102). The law provides that if a person who is to be stoned manages to escape, he or she will be allowed to go free. Since it is easier for a man to escape, this discrimination literally becomes a matter of life and death Single Person Shooting Execution by shooting is the most common method of execution in the world, used in over 70 countries. Whilst most of these countries use the firing squad, single person shooting is still found. In Soviet Russia, a single bullet to the back of the head was the most frequently used method of execution for military and non-military alike. This is still the main method of execution in Communist China though the gunshot can be to either the neck or head. In the past, the Chinese government would ask the family of the executed person to pay the price of the bullet. In Taiwan, the prisoner is first injected with a strong anesthetic to render him senseless and then a bullet is fired in to his heart. The Electric Chair The electric chair was invented by Harold P. Brown who was employed by Thomas Edison for the sole purpose of investigating the uses of electricity for execution. Brown, a dentist used to working with people in chairs, used a chair design for his device. At the time there was still competition to see whether Edison’s direct current (DC) or Westinghouse’s alternating current (AC) would win the current war. Edison was in favor of using his opponents AC as he thought it would lead people to believe that AC was more dangerous than DC. In fact, it would make little difference which current were used at the voltage needed for an execution. Edison was so keen to alienate Westinghouse, that he tried to get people to refer to execution by electrocution as “westinghousing” someone. The chair was first adopted in 1889 and the first execution took place in 1890 in New York.In execution by electric chair, the prisoner is strapped to the chair with metal straps and a wet sponge is placed in his head to aid conductivity. Electrodes are placed on the head and leg to create a closed circuit. Depending on the physical state of the prisoner, two currents of varying level and duration are applied. This is generally 2,000 volts for 15 seconds for the first current to cause unconsciousness and to stop the heart. The second current is usually lowered to 8 amps. The current will normally cause severe damage to internal organs and the body can heat up to 138 °F (59 °C). While unconsciousness should occur within the first second or two, there have been occasions where it has taken much longer, leading people to speak out against this method of execution. various methods of death penalty Death Penalty
for Corruptors China In China, a defendant must be a lot of corruption in the court praying for the death penalty in sight. Evidence of assertiveness in China a few months ago ,when the two former deputy mayor was executed in China since proven receiving millions of dollars in bribes. Both are Maiyong Xu and Jiang Renjie. example of the death penalty for corruptor in other countries After Before Bali bombers on 12 October 2002 example of the death penalty in Indonesia ANY QUESTION? 5. Death penalty is not relevant and out of date.
6. From the scientific studies for death penalty that have done by some institution in the world, were showing that death penalty fails to make a wary effect and ineffective among other types of penalties.
7. UN’s survey said that between 1998 and 2002 about the correlation between the practice of the death penalty and crime said punishment is not better than whole life penalty in order to give wary effect at murder case. Death penalty is one of criminal punishment for corruptor. But because this prophecy only a punishment choice then very rarely used as demands for the corruptor. But if it is viewed as one way to eradicate corruption, there should be beginning realization of punishment a death penalty for corruptor and we have to prevent missapplication of death penalty.Because death penalty is a very dangerous punishment,we have to supervise the use of this penalty. Hopefully we can provide additional knowledge for all of us especially in the field of criminal law especially with regard to criminal punishment of death for the corruptor. Conclusion Corruption is disease that hard to eradicate.
Force-full law did not frighten and threaten malefactor and corruptor.
Corruption is not only related to issues of pure law alone yet also regarding moral issues, and culture although it is still in debate.
Corruption and legal sanction interesting to examine at least caused by severan reasons.
First, that corruption is the hindrance of the development which still on doing. Corruption, a big matter yet still lingering in Indonesia is also caused a high cost economy.
Second, related to corruption, the implementation of the rule of law that attempts to tie down the corrupt has also given a severe threat, in the form of death penalty. However, in the implementation of such threats they rarely imposed as criminal sanctions. Has it made criminal of corruption more free to do so?
In the case of corruption, the corrupt can be sentenced to death according to the provisions of article 2, paragraph (2) of Law No.31 of 1999 on Eradication of Corruption Death Penalty For Corruptor . It’s kind of situation that people, state institution misuse their authority with bribery and forgery etc. Literally, corruption means abomination, wickedness. Baharuddin Lopa quotes the opinion of David M. Chalmers, define that corruption as related with bribery and manipulation in economic sectors and public concern. What is corruption? Corruption (Latin: corruptio of a meaningful verb corrumpere rotten, corrupt, destabilizing, twisting, bribing). Literally, corruption is the behavior of public officials, both politicians. Politicians and civil servants, which is not fair and not legal to enrich themselves or those close to enrich, to the misuse of public power entrusted to them What’s Corruption? In Indonesian positive law, we know the existence of death penalty. In KUHP chapter II about penalty, article 10 explains about kinds of penalty, they are main penalty and additional penalty. Death penalty is a part of main penalty which get the first position.
The other rules of law in Indonesia make death penalty as one of their punishment, for example UU No.7/Drt/1955 about Economy crime, UU No. 22 / 1997 about narcotic and Psycotrophyca. UU No. 311999 which is changed into UU No. 20/ 2001 about corruption, UU No. 26 /2000 about Human Rights, etc.
Death penalty becomes a topic of debate when people ask “is death penalty still relevance as one of punishment in Indonesia?”.Many people think that death penalty is not relevance with human rights,that is right to live. Death Penalty in Indonesia Now we want to show you kinds of death penalty around the world Death Penalty Actually death penalty for corruptors is made to prevent the corruption. Heavy crimes and death penalty in Indonesia have an important relation. We can see from Indonesian Penal Code which threats heavy crimes with death penalty. By the time, there are changes and developments happen all over the world. Because of that, the penal history in the world reveals facts and data which is not same about two components above.
Because of the revelation of facts and data based on socio-criminology, then the hopes from the past to solve or prevent heavy crimes with cruel death penalty is hopeless.
The history of criminal law in the past revealed that there are opinions about death penalty which is considered as the most effective way to solve heavy crimes or other crimes. Not only in the past, but also in the present there are some people who look death penalty as the fastest way to exterminate crimes. Indonesia which is still concentrate to make a refreshment on its criminal law get a dilemma because of death penalty. There are so many pros and cons that try to defend their opinion. Of course this case will give big influence for the process of making a new Penal Code. INTRODUCTION 1. the revelation of facts and data based on socio-criminology, then the hopes from the past to solve or prevent heavy crimes with cruel death penalty is hopeless
2. Many people think that death penalty is not relevance with human rights, that every human has right to live as stated in the 1945 constitution article 28A.
3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Right (ICCPR) which regulates the right to live (right to life). Article 6 verse 1 of the ICCPR said “every human being has the right to life and get law protection right and no one can revoke that”.
4. Furthermore, Article 6 verse 2 said “for countries that do not remove the rules of death penalty, the decision only applies to crimes that include to serious category to the law at the time and have no contradiction with this covenants and Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Crime of Genocide”. cons Death Penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to dead by the state as a punishment of the crime (from Wikipidia) Definition Death Penalty Garrote 1901 execution by garotte in Manila
The garrote is the second method of execution on this list which is no longer sanctioned by law in any country though training in its use is still carried out in the French Foreign Legion. The garrote is a device that strangles a person to death (as in the photograph above). It can also be used to break a person’s neck. The device was used in Spain until it was outlawed in 1978 with the abolition of the death penalty. It normally consisted of a seat in which the prisoner was restrained while the executioner tightened a metal band around his neck until he died. Some versions of the garrote incorporated a metal bolt which pressed in to the spinal chord, breaking the neck. This spiked version is known as the Catalan garrote. The last execution by garrote was José Luis Cerveto in October 1977. Andorra was the last country in the world to outlaw its use, doing so in 1990. Stoning A stoning in Iran
Stoning to death is when a person’s movements are restricted and an organized group throws stones at them until dead. Under Islamic Sharia law, stoning is an acceptable method of execution and it is used in many Islamic nations. In Iran, stoning is sanctioned for adultery and other crimes. Article 104 of the Law of Hodoud provides that the stones should not be so large that a person dies after being hit with two of them, nor so small as to be defined as pebbles, but must cause severe injury.
“The penalty for adultery under Article 83 of the penal code, called the Law of Hodoud is flogging (100 lashes of the whip) for unmarried male and female offenders. Married offenders may be punished by stoning regardless of their gender, but the method laid down for a man involves his burial up to his waist, and for a woman up to her neck (article 102). The law provides that if a person who is to be stoned manages to escape, he or she will be allowed to go free. Since it is easier for a man to escape, this discrimination literally becomes a matter of life and death China In China, a defendant must be a lot of corruption in the court praying for the death penalty in sight. Evidence of assertiveness in China a few months ago ,when the two former deputy mayor was executed in China since proven receiving millions of dollars in bribes. Both are Maiyong Xu and Jiang Renjie. example of the death penalty for corruptor in other countries After Before Bali bombers on 12 October 2002 example of the death penalty in Indonesia Single Person Shooting Execution by shooting is the most common method of execution in the world, used in over 70 countries. Whilst most of these countries use the firing squad, single person shooting is still found. In Soviet Russia, a single bullet to the back of the head was the most frequently used method of execution for military and non-military alike. This is still the main method of execution in Communist China though the gunshot can be to either the neck or head. In the past, the Chinese government would ask the family of the executed person to pay the price of the bullet. In Taiwan, the prisoner is first injected with a strong anesthetic to render him senseless and then a bullet is fired in to his heart. The Electric Chair The electric chair was invented by Harold P. Brown who was employed by Thomas Edison for the sole purpose of investigating the uses of electricity for execution. Brown, a dentist used to working with people in chairs, used a chair design for his device. At the time there was still competition to see whether Edison’s direct current (DC) or Westinghouse’s alternating current (AC) would win the current war. Edison was in favor of using his opponents AC as he thought it would lead people to believe that AC was more dangerous than DC. In fact, it would make little difference which current were used at the voltage needed for an execution. Edison was so keen to alienate Westinghouse, that he tried to get people to refer to execution by electrocution as “westinghousing” someone. The chair was first adopted in 1889 and the first execution took place in 1890 in New York.In execution by electric chair, the prisoner is strapped to the chair with metal straps and a wet sponge is placed in his head to aid conductivity. Electrodes are placed on the head and leg to create a closed circuit. Depending on the physical state of the prisoner, two currents of varying level and duration are applied. This is generally 2,000 volts for 15 seconds for the first current to cause unconsciousness and to stop the heart. The second current is usually lowered to 8 amps. The current will normally cause severe damage to internal organs and the body can heat up to 138 °F (59 °C). While unconsciousness should occur within the first second or two, there have been occasions where it has taken much longer, leading people to speak out against this method of execution. various methods of death penalty Death Penalty
for Corruptors
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