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President Johnson Report Card

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lillian hendrick

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of President Johnson Report Card

President Johnson Report Card
By Emily Reinhardt and Lillian Hendrick
3rd hour AP Government
Background
Chief Legislature
Commander in Chief
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief of Party
Guardian of the Economy
Chief
Diplomat
Final
Grade
Biblio
graphy
Questi
ons and Comments

Contents:
Background
Commander-in-Chief
Chief Executive
Head of State
Guardian of the Economy
Chief Diplo
Bibliography
Pictures
Information

Chief Legislature
http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/first-family/masthead_image/36lj_header_sm.jpg?1250885677
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Senator_Lyndon_Johnson.jpg
http://images.sodahead.com/polls/002461225/112454811_democrat_jackass_answer_1_xlarge.jpeg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Visit_of_President_Johnson_in_Vietnam.jpg
http://media.smithsonianmag.com/images/Teleprompter-U1446189-631.jpg
http://www.communityactionduluth.org/images/about_us/history_pres_johnson.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Glassboro-meeting1967.jpg
http://jewishcurrents.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/LBJ-signing-CRA-68.jpg
http://www.smorgshowpodcast.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/lbj.jpg
http://www.clker.com/cliparts/5/6/2/0/1194984467464538364carta_architetto_frances_01.svg.med.png
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_70QbhwDsdBo/SZpNZUL5mMI/AAAAAAAAAsw/_OKyIvoe14I/s400/Yuki+and+LBJ+in+front+of+UK+Ambassador.jpg
http://www.beliefnet.com/~/media/728CBA9F7BA748F3A58584B1248831E4.ashx?w=400&h=300&bg=00000000&f=png
Questions and Comments
Presidential Report Card
Emily Reinhardt and Lillian Hendrick
3rd Hour AP Government
Contents
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Gave President power to order military action in Vietnam. Passed by Congress on Aug. 7, 1964
Operation Rolling Thunder
Johnson orders a series of air strikes on North Vietnam after 9 U.S. soldiers are killed from attack on U.S. barracks in Pleiku, Vietnam
February 24th, 1965
Americanization
Johnson increases the number of troops to Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000
July 28, 1965
Tet Offensive
NLF attacked South Vietnam on the Vietnam Lunar New Year of Tet
Final Grade
Chief of Party
Guardian of Economy: B
Chief Diplomat:B+

Chief of Party:A-

Head of State:B-

Commander in Chief: D
Chief Executive: A-

Chief Legislature: A

President Report Card
Final Grade:C
Legislation
Great Society:
War on Poverty and the OEO
Equal Opportunity Act- August 20, 1964
Created 10 programs including:
VISTA
Head Start
Community Action Programs
Job Corps
Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965
Civil Rights
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Education
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965- April 11, 1965
Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963
Higher Education Act of 1965
Health
Social Security Act of 1965
Medicare
Medicaid
Welfare
Social Security Amendments of 1967
Food Stamp Act of 1964



Relationship with Congress
Johnson Treatment
Very Persuasive
The most Liberal House since 1938
Johnson signed 84 out of 87 proposed bills, or 96%
War On Poverty (1964)
Legislation meant to educate, train the jobless, and provide healthcare
Economic Opportunity Act (1964) -
established

the
Office of Economic Opportunity
to approve domestic programs such as:
Job Corps -
trained young people to escape poverty
VISTA -
Improved poor U.S. areas by sending volunteers
Head Start -
Provided funds to help children prepare for school (day cares)
Great Society (1964)

Domestic programs to improve issues regarding poverty, education, and the environment
Medicare
- Hospital insurance for elderly 65+
Medicaid
- Medical insurance for poor, disabled Americans.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965) - aided poorer schools.
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 -
altered the U.S. quota system
Food Stamps program
- helps people with certain incomes better afford food



Civil Rights Act of 1964
Made most forms of racial segreg-
ation illegal
Kerner Commission -
Group meant
to investigate the causes of the
1967 race riots in Detroit, L.A., Chicago,
and Newark.

Tet Offensive (1968) in Vietnam
negatively impacted Johnson's
administration:
Credibility was lost



Campaign
Slogan: "All the Way with LBJ"
Daisy Commercial
Iconic
80% of the Electorate saw it
Creative
Extremely Negative
Influences Modern Campaigning


Midterms
Democrats Lost 47 House Seats
Democrats Lost 4 Senate Seats
Still Remained the Majority in Both Houses
Party Cooperation with the President and Congress
United Under Johnson's Leadership
Typically Passed the Bills He proposed
Congress supported Johnson with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Senate 88:2, House 416:0)

(1965) - Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara ordered 485,000 soldiers to Vietnam and was supported by U.S. military commanders. He later became skeptical of the chances for a U.S. victory

Noted Appointees
1965 - Johnson nominated Abe Fortas, a Washington D.C. lawyer, to the Supreme Court. It was confirmed by the U.S. Senate

1967 - Johnson nominated General Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court. It was also confirmed by the Senate. Became the first African American Supreme Court Justice.

JOHNSON WAS HIGHLY ORGANIZED
May 22nd, 1964 - Johnson made a speech at the University of Michigan "describing his vision for a better America"
With this vision, he created programs to benefit issues regarding education, healthcare ,and poverty.
January 8th, 1964 - "War on Poverty" mentioned during a State of the Union Address.



Public Image
Strong
Tough
Leader to Congress
Insecure
Often said, "I'm the only President you have"

Speeches
Remarks at Michigan University
Very Powerful
Introduced The Great Society
The American Promise-1965
Also Known as We Shall Overcome
Response to the Violence in Selma, Alabama
Appearances
Not many
Limited to military Bases and Legion Halls
President Johnson was forced to become flexible when the Vietnam war required
funds and attention he wished to spend on domestic affairs.
Chief Diplomat
Foreign Policy
Increasingly Interventionist
Limit Spread of Communism

Latin America
Alliance for Progress
Continued and Expanded it
Increased military Assistance
$20 billion dollars from 1961-1969
Dominican Republic
April 24, 1965
US invaded to protect American Lives
Stopped the Spread of Communism
Cuba
Guantanamo Bay
Panama
Protestors at the Canal
Johnson worked with President Roberto Chiari on treaty
Signed under President Jimmy Carter

Israel
Gave Weapons in 1965
Johnson refused to assist in the 6 Day War
Gave Diplomatic Solution
Organized an International Regatta to end Egyptian Blockade
Failed

Egypt
Ended Diplomatic Relations in 1965


Countries that President Johnson Visited during his Administration, Countries that sent Dignitaries to America, and Countries that American Foreign Policy Directly Influenced
Vietnam
April 7, 1965 Johnson appealed to Ho Chi Minh to end the War
Offered 1 Billion dollars to develop Mekong River
Vietnam did not take his offer
Was Determined to Win the War
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Committed 500,000 Troops to Vietnam War

Soviet Russia
Met Premier Aleksey Kosygn
June 1967
Helped to facilitate a nuclear nonproliferation treaty between the Countries


http://cstl-cla.semo.edu/renka/ui320-75/presidents/johnson/legislative_presidency.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyndon_B._Johnson#Personality_and_public_image
http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Kennedy-Bush/Johnson-Lyndon-B.html#ixzz2jupwYzDS
http://millercenter.org/scripps/archive/speeches/detail/3383
http://voicesofdemocracy.umd.edu/deliberative-topics/citizenship-civic-identity/lyndon-b-johnson-we-shall-overcome-2/
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/president-lbj.html#ixzz2joqU2
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/president-lbj.html
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Top-10-Historic-Midterm-Elections.html
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/data/mid-term_elections.php#ixzz2jotDcdIH
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1QwRbgDPzaasq8nLjFPK-KFppriHhXtyRUCT_TfIhI3c/edit
http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2011/10/lbj-daisy-ad-changed-american-politics-author-says/
http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/Johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/680331
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/lyndonbjohn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Sociey
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyndon_B._Johnson#1968_presidenti
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/poll-results/lbj-poll-results
http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Kennedy-Bush/Lyndon-B-Johnson-The-great-society.html#ixzz2juuMiW20
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1964
http://blog.chron.com/txpotomac/2010/07/inside-the-presidential-rankings-lyndon-b-johnson/
http://www.britannica.com/presidents/article-9116920
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Lyndon_Johnson_how_was_his_relations_with_Congress
http://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/short-histor
http://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/short-history/manag
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/alliance-for-progress
http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Kennedy-Bush/Lyndon-B-Johnson-Foreign-affairs.html#ixzz2k9qL4
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyndon_B._Johnson#Vietnam_War
http://www.sixdaywar.org/content/usa.
http://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/travels/president/johnson-l
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lbj-foreign/


We gave Johnson a C because many of the programs he established are still in effect today, and have profoundly impacted the lives of many Americans. The War on Poverty significantly reduced the amount of impoverished Americans. He was able to get his ambitious domestic policy through Congress with little trouble, and offered strong leadership to his party. Yet, Vietnam leaves a bad impression on him, and is often thought to overpower the wonderful things he accomplished in America, as just during his administration 25,000 Americans were killed. All attempts to end the war failed and the war continued until 1975.
Johnson became President during a stable economic time. (Kennedy cut income taxes from 20-91% to 14-65% after a 1960 recession)

In 1963 and 1964, the rate of inflation was just under 2%.

February 26th, 1964 - Johnson signs the Tax Reduction Act - bill that cut individual income tax by 20% and reduced income and corporate tax rates

Johnson did not wish to increase taxes for the Vietnam War - didn't think there would be support

1965 - inflation increases
GNP increases by $9 billion
Unemployment rate: 4.5%

1967 - August 3rd - Johnson requests a 10% income tax charge
June 28th, 1968 - Tax becomes law, reduced budget by $6 billion

Unemployment:
1964 - 5.2%
1965 - 4.5%
1966 - 3.8%
1968: 3.3%

Inflation
1963: under 2%
1964: under 2%
1965: 4.25%
1968: 4.7%
"The Greatest Prosperity of the Postwar Years"


Tax Redu
ction Act
:

1966 - 55% of families had an income equal to or greater
than $7,000 annually
Disposable income increased by 15%



War on Poverty
Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
- created the
Office of Economic
Opportunity
to form domestic programs regarding healthcare, education, and poverty

Effect: Poverty rate dropped 8% from 1964 to 1974
Born August 27th, 1908 near Stonewall, Texas
1st of five children

Father was Sam Johnson - elected to Texas Legislature and served five terms

1924 - Graduated as president of his class (6 students total) from Johnson City High

1927 - Attended Southwest Texas State Teachers College

Took over a Hispanic school in Cotulla, inspired minority students




http://www.classroomhelp.com/lessons/Presidents/johnson.html
http://millercenter.org/president/lbjohnson/essays/biography/2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyndon_B._Johnson_judicial_appointment_controversies
http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/faqs/Cabinet/cabinet.asp
entprofiles.com/Kennedy-Bush/Lyndon-B-Johnson-Vietnam-an-entangling-alliance.html#ixzz2kBaSB9qm
http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Kennedy-Bush/Lyndon-B-Johnson-Vietnam-an-entangling-alliance.html
http://totallyhistory.com/lyndon-b-johnson/
http://millercenter.org/president/lbjohnson/key-events
http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_timelines/timelines_presidents-36.html



1931- Became an aide to U.S.
Congressman Richard Kleberg of Corpus Christi in Washington

1934 - Married Claudia Alta Taylor on November 17th

1934 - 1935 - Studied law at
Georgetown University

1949 - Elected to the U.S. Senate

1955 - Became Democratic
Majority Leader

1961 - Became Vice President
under John F. Kennedy



http://www.commandposts.com/2011/08/president-johnsons-record-vietnam-and-domestic-policies/
http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/vietnamwar/section6.rhtml
millercenter.org/president/lbjohnson/essays/biograph/2
http://americanhistory.about.com/od/lyndonbjohnson/p/plbjohnson.htm




www.historylearningsite.co.uk/johnson_vietnam.htm
www.historynet.com
http://elcoushistory.tripod.com/economics1960.html
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-troops-land-in-the-dominican-republic
http://csis.org/files/media/csis/pubs/090129_dominican_republic_study.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_the_Dominican_Republic_(1965%E2%80%9366)
http://americanhistory.about.com/od/lyndonbjohnson/p/plbjohnson.htm
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/econ/ecu7/section07/case-studies.htm
Dominican Republic
Dec. 20, 1962
- Juan Bosch rose to power
Wished to create labor unions

U.S. govt. feared communism

Sept. 26, 1963
- Bosch is removed from
power
Apr. 24, 1965
- Two Dominican Army
battalions took over Santo Domingo
1,500 marines were ordered to the Coast.
Battalions revolted against the junta (military-led govt.)

May 7th, 19
65
- Johnson extended the
original goal of the intervention

Aug. 31, 1965
- Truce

1966
- Former President Joaquin Balaguer becomes president

Full transcript