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A Golden Age in Islam (800-1200 AD)

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Jacob Cramer

on 13 October 2013

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Transcript of A Golden Age in Islam (800-1200 AD)

A Golden
Age in Islam

800 to 1200 (AD)
The Golden Age of Islam began in 800 AD!
And it lasted till the 1200s! Isn't that neat?
A golden age is when a society or culture
is at its peak; prosperous; full of wonder!

During this golden age, there were lots of advances!
Scholars improved lots of ideas, taking risky chances!
Both al-Andalus in the West and the Abbasids in the East
advanced very greatly, and knowledge increased!

With lots of wealth and power, both empires became
beautiful and spectacular, with lots of art displays!
It's really fun to learn about this period in time!
So I hope you'll join in on the fun and come for
a little "ride!"
The advances in bookmaking were
truly phenomenal! During this period, calligraphy became extensively used in books. In addition, Muslims learned how to make paper from the Chinese, and made Baghdad into a major paper and bookmaking center by the early 800s. Paper became a great substitute for parchment used in the Middle East and Europe. Many libraries were opened too, including the House of Wisdom, an international learning center and library. Scholars, such as Aristotle and Plato, translated books into Arabic. This way, Muslims could learn about all different types of things!
Mathematics flourished a lot during this
golden age. Scholars borrowed many idea
from other places and redeveloped and advanced them to make them more accurate. An accurate calendar was created by Omar Khayyam.
Also invented were al-jabr (modern algebra) and the Arabic number system,
both of which were made by al-Khwarizmi.
During the golden age, geography was greatly advanced upon. Geographic studies of various regions, such as Spain, North Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula, were written. In 1154, a man named Al-Idrisi completed an encyclopedia containing almost seventy maps and descriptions of the geography of many regions. Based on his travels he had taken when he was young, it was one of the greatest contributions to the study of geography in history!
The advances made in the field in medicine were truly phenomenal! Diseases such as smallpox and measles were written about and identified by al-Razi, as well as treatments, diets, and doctor-patient relationships by other people. Al-Zahrawi, considered the greatest doctor of all time, published a large medical encyclopedia in the late 900s covering dentistry, medicines, surgery, and more topics. Also written was a book called Canon of Medicine. Created by Ibn Sina in 1000, it contained facts on all medical knowledge, and was used for the following 600 years!
This period was fantastic!
Phenomenal, if I must say!
But no place can ever
remain this way!

The Abbasid empire fell apart
and al-Andalus did the same.
But they sure did leave their mark
on society today!
Modern calligraphy at its finest.
During the Golden Age, Muslims began to develop literature of their own. "The Thousand and One Nights," is an Arabic book that remains a classic today!

Poetry also prospered during this time. A type of poetry called a quatrain became very popular in Persia. A Muslim poet and mathematician, Omar Khayyam, was a true master of this form.
A selection of "The Rubaiyat," a quatrain by Omar Khayyam.
by Jacob Cramer
Social Studies 6C
This is a table of Arabic numbers 0 through
10, showing characters, their value in our mathematics system, and their pronunciation.
This is what al-Idrisi's world
map looked like. It doesn't even capture close to the entire Earth, but it is still much more advanced and accurate than all other maps that there were at that time.
This is a photograph of measles, a disease first identified by Al-Razi, on a woman from Virginia in 2011. She developed the measles after visiting India. The disease is extremely rare in the United States, but outbreaks do occur once in a while.
Full transcript