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Banned and Challenged Books

An exploration of banned or challenged books and their significance in schools, society, and various countries.
by

Carrie Middleton

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of Banned and Challenged Books

Banned & Challenged Books A banned book is any work that has
been classified by a government as unlawful to distribute or posess. A challenged book is a work
whose removal has been requested
but is still widely availablle in spite
of that. The American Library Association's bill of rights states that materials should not be "proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval." But that doesn't mean the public always agrees. Many instances of book bannings stem from complaints made by citizens, especially in regards to school libraries. Fahrenheight 451
This book is about censorship and those who ban books for fear of creating too much individualism and independent thought. In late 1998, this book was removed from the required reading list of the West Marion High School in Foxworth, Mississippi. A parent complained of the use of the words "God damn" in the book. Subsequently, the superintendent instructed the the teacher to remove the book from the required reading list. The Adventures of HuckleBerry Finn

The word "nigger," which appears many times in the novel, was the cause for the removal of this classic from an eighth-grade reading list. In the 1950s, the NAACP objected to the book's perceived racist tone. In 1984, the book was removed from a public high school reading list in Waukegan, Illinois, because a black alderman found the book's language offensive. Many books that have been banned are
widely recognized as great works of writing.
Including The Harry Potter Series

These books by J.K. Rowling have become a frequent target as they are often challenged and sometimes banned. The most common reason cited is its use of witchcraft and the fear that fantasy and reality could become confused for children. However, some challenges have arisen over the violence it portrays. A couple books "banned" throughout the country for a couple reasons 1.
This book by J. D. Salinger uses profanity throughout along with the portrayal of events like prostitution, depression, and alienation.

2.
This novel by Harper Lee has been challenged over the years for its use of profanity and racial slurs.

3.
This book by Katherine Paterson was recently turned into a movie by Disney. It has been challenged or banned because of the disrespect the children show to adults, the confusion of combining fantasy with reality, and profanity.

4.
This novel by William Golding has been challenged and in many cases banned because of its use of profanity, sexuality, racial slurs, and excessive violence.

5.
This novel by John Steinbeck has been banned because of its use of profanity. Often cited are the use of the Lord's name in vain along with the use of racial slurs.

6.
This Pulitzer prize winning novel by Alice Walker has been challenged and banned over the years because of its explicit sexuality, profanity, violence, and use of drugs.

7.
Kurt Vonnegut's novel has been challenged and banned because of its profanity, violence, and explicit sexuality.

8.
This novel by Toni Morrison was one of the most challenged in 2006 for its profanity, sexual references, and unsuitability for students. "The Catcher in the Rye" "To Kill a Mockingbird" "Bridge to Terabithia" "The Lord 0f the Flies" "Of Mice and Men" "The Color Purple" "Slaughter House Five" "The Bluest Eye" A Little History Behind the Banning of Books Books have been banned and subject to approval from a higher authority even before the invention of the printing press.

•In ancient times, when books were hand- scribed, existed only in one or a few copies, destroying them (usually by burning them) guaranteed that no one would ever be able read them. When the invention of the printing press came around 1450, it made it possible to circulate multiple copies of a book.
Some Books that are "Banned" or "Challenged" at The Westerville Public Library: • "Bless Me, Ultima"
By: Rudolfo A. Anaya

• "Go Ask Alice"
By:Author anonymous

•"Flowers for Algernon"
By: Daniel Keyes

•"I know why the caged bird sings"
By: Maya Angelou

• "Song of Solomon"
By: Toni Morrison

• "The Handmaid's Tale"
By: Margaret Atwood

• "The shelters of stone"
By: Jean M. Auel

•Beloved : a novel
By: Toni Morrison •"The annotated Huckleberry Finn : Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer's comrade)"
By: Mark Twain

• "Kaffir boy : the true story of a Black youth's coming of age in Apartheid South Africa"
By: Mark Mathabane

• "The mammoth hunters "
By: Jean M. Auel

• "The plains of passage"
By: Jean M. Auel

• "The dead zone"
By: Stephen King

• "American psycho : a novel "
By: Bret Easton Ellis

• "Final exit : the practicalities of self-deliverance and assisted suicide for the dying"
By: Derek Humphry
•In 1470, twenty years after Johann Gutenberg’s invention of the prinitng press, the first popular books were printed and sold in Germany; within another 20 years, Germany’s first official censorship office was created after a local archbishop pleaded with town officials to censor “dangerous publications.” •By 1559, in reaction to the spread of Protestantism and scientific inquiry, the Roman Catholic Church issued the "Index Librorum Prohibitorum", likely the first published and most infamous list of forbidden books. The purpose of the "Index" was to guide secular censors in their decisions as to which publications to allow and which to prohibt, since printers were not free to publish books without official permission. At a time when society was ruled religion, religious and secular censorship were indistinguishable. The Catholic Church continued to print this "Index", which grew to 5,000 titles, until 1966, when Pope Paul VI ended the publication. •Censorship followed the European settlers to America. In 1650, a religious pamphlet by William Pynchon was confiscated by Puritan authorities in Massachusetts, condemned by the General Court and burned by the public executioner in the Boston marketplace. This incident is considered to be the first book-burning in America..... But it wasn't the last... A Few Reasons Why Books are "Banned" Profanity
Sexual references
Excessive violence
Racial slurs
Portrays children showing disrespect to adults
Use of drugs
Witchcraft
Portrays events of prostitution, depression and alienation
Racial themes
Challenges political/ social rules
Explicit sexuality
Fear that children will confuse fantasy and reality
Challenges religious views More recently, in 1975, a high school student
named Steven Pico rallied together with his peers
and sued his district after they formed a committee
to pull certain books from the library shelves. The students said that their
1st Amendment rights were being violated. But then the ruling was appealed
to the U.S Supreme Court... Which sided with the students. The Supreme Court said this on the matter: "Local school boards may not remove books from school library shelves simply because they dislike the ideas contained in those books …” But today, schools still face complaints
about the materials they provide in their
libraries and use in their curriculums. In the Westerville City Schools district,
a process for filing these complaints is
outlined, with this caveat: "...no challenged material may be removed solely
because it presents ideas that may be unpopular
or offensive to some." Nevertheless, complaints still
occur, at schools all over the country. And, schools face a lot of pressure from parent complaints due to their authority over their children, and the fact that public schools are funded from their wallets. Do certain books present "moral dangers", as the Island Trees School District called them? And if so, is it the job of schools
to shelter youth from them? To see some opinions: The court ruled in favor of the district. FIN
. A few centuries later, in 2001, the congregation of the Christ Community Church in Alamogordo, New Mexico attended an anti-Harry Potter sermon. During the sermon, Pastor Jack Brock claimed that the character Harry Potter taught children to practice the dark arts. This emotionally charged sermon resulted in a massive book burning that night not only did Harry Potter books get burned, the crowd also included Stephen King horror books, Ouija Boards, and AC/DC records. Works Cited:

Mullally, Claire. "Banned Books." First Amendment Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2011 <http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/speech/libraries/ topic.aspx?topic=banned_books>.

Westerville City . Westerville City School District. "Matters Regarding Instructional Materials." Public Complants. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2011. <http://www.neola.com/westerville-oh/search/policies/po2240.htm>.

Usborne, David. The Independent. N.p., 14 Oct. 1999. Web. 15 Feb. 2011.
<http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/
us-parents-want-evil-harry-potter-banned-743511.html>.
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