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The Future of American Power

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leanna zaritsky

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of The Future of American Power

The Future of American Power

for the U.S, the political system is what is not properly ‘operating’ since it is nearly unable to make the clear basis for the country's future

Learning From the World
The U.S. capital market is better than any other country's
The U.S also has the lowest corporate tax rates than most other industrialized countries
U.S. regulations used to be more flexible
The British government works very hard to make London a global hub
The United States is used to being the leading economy and society, while other countries are beginning to succeed
The financial stock for the U.S. still exceeds more than any other region, although other regions are seeing their financial stock grow quickly
The Gray Zone
Europe's problems include rigid labor markets and high unemployment, but the good things are pension systems and sustainable healthcare

The U.S has a particular advantage over the rest of the world - the view on immigration, which the U.S deals with better than any other country

The main way for Europe to turn away from remaining with a steady population is to take in more immigrants; it seems like European societies have trouble with taking in 'foreigners'

The United States was the first to really make a 'universal nation' - for example looking at the Presidential candidates, they have been both genders, multi-racial, different religion, and of various nationalities

Nicholas Eberstadt, who is an American Enterprise Institute scholar, thinks that the U.S population will greatly rise while the European population will remain as is
The Entrepreneurial Empire
US Economy will continue to grow
US economy will grow due to leadership in science, technology and industry
US industries lead the field in new technology development
US economy benefits from globalization of industrial output and communications technology
US Corporations have huge cash surpluses used to grow their business
Financial growth comes from US domination in designing and distributing products
R&D and education spending improve US economic picture
US expenses are manageable
Overall, the future of the US economy looks promising
Alex Padalino, Victoria Bush, Sameer Malaney, Leanna Zaritsky, Susmitha Bodige
Education Nation
US economic power will continue to grow for years to come.
US economy supports a land, sea and air based Military Industrial Complex
US economy is able to sustain military in times of war due to its huge economy
US economy and technology continue to advance US military strength
US economy leads the world with 3% average GDP over past 25 years
Foreign investments in the US continue to increase
US manufacturing being exported to overseas countries
Economic Power of the U.S.
U.S. Economy vs. British Economy
As of right now, the US shouldn’t be compared with Britain’s economic situation
Britain's leading economic position lasted a few decades, while the Americas has lasted 120 years
Britain’s economy deteriorated due to high cost of maintaining a huge naval force, not by losing political power
Britain lost its edge in innovation, energy and entrepreneurship
U.S. Economy Will
Continue to Grow
Challenges of U.S. Economy
US trade and budget deficits high
Individual savings low
Median household income flat
US economy has issues:
Medicare, inequality, borrowing, selling assets
These challenges may cause some deterioration to US economy
Yet economy remains strong
World’s perception is that America
is losing interest in the basics of education
Perception does not reflect reality and
success of America’s education programs
Are US schools doing poorly in
developing math and science students?
US Trends in Education Paying Off
US educates people who develop concepts using power of the mind
U.S. schools create an educational environment that develops and rewards creativity
American education system makes students challenge conventional wisdom
US education system attempts to engage students minds, always challenging them
US education system produces numerous entrepreneurs and inventors
*Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study
TIMSS* Research puts US in middle of pack of all countries
US students scores differ due to socio-economic differences across the country
Poor and minority students score low, affluent students score high
Inequality in education needs to be improved


US higher education quality remains world’s best
US has the best higher education program worldwide
US has world class universities, both privately and publicly run
US attracts 30% of foreign students for higher education enrollment
Chinese & Indian students enroll in US universities for advanced studies
US trains more engineers per capita than other countries
The US is losing its educational advantage to other nations
America is losing its scientific and technology edge
US is losing its lead in field of engineering
China and India turning out more engineers
Statistics show the decline of engineering graduates in the US
US is lacking primary and secondary schools
The Rise of the Rest
Tectonic Power Shifts
Secondary Sources
First was the rise of the Western world
Started in the fifteenth century and grew in the eighteenth century
It made modern science and technology, commerce and capitalism, the agricultural and industrial revolutions
Made political dominance of the nations in the West
Secondary Sources
The second shift that took place in the end of the nineteenth century was the rise of the U.S.
Soon after, the United States became the most powerful nation since imperial Rome
The only one that was stronger than any other nation
The third is that countries all over the world have been growing more economically
Although there has been ups and downs, the overall trend has greatly moved forward
Britannia's Demise
-Britain is responsible for the development of the telegraph
-Railways and canals established a deeper connection in the system
-Most successful in terms of spreading culture globally
-Even English spread across the world because of Britian
-Britain was practically unassailable, or unable to be attacked or questioned
-Won the Boer War
-However, it lost in another sense
-45,000 casualties
-spent half a billion pounds
-overused its army
-incompetence and corruption in its army




Secondary Source
China must have authentic economic reform
a lot of controversy whether Party General Secretary Xi Jinping and the leaders have the authority to reform
tough commercial competition makes success and It improves quality, lowers prices, and creates more productivity
a genuinely competitive China will be good for the world
it would help the world economy
if China reforms in the next decade or two they could be a potential competitor of the U.S.
China would be bigger economically
american consumers and economy would benefit from the new kinds of goods and services
China could match the United States in GDP by at least 2025
If China were to fail to reform, they would drop significantly
Then the United States would be the world leader for now and the future
A reforming China will challenge America's economic leadership
the United States will have to cut the amount of money that the government spends
the United States will need to grow its military significantly, also the economic and diplomatic relations
To learn more information, please go to: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/should-america-root-reforming-china-9241
Conclusion
In Mr. Zakaria's article, The Future of American Power, he is saying that the U.S. capital market is better than any other, and we have the lowest tax rates from corporate than other countries, the political system has lost the ability to fix its ailments, and Europe has some issues that include labor markets and high unemployment rates, but have good healthcare and good pension systems. The one important advantage over the rest of the world is that the United States is demographically vibrant. The advantages that the U.S. has is pretty much due to immigration, and is remaining, 'fresh', by the immigrants who want to start a new life for themselves. Soon, the immigrants become the 'backbone' to the working class and the economic power will always grow. The economy supports a land, sea, and air based Military complex, and the economy is able to sustain the Military in times of war. The economy can grow due to leaderships in science, industry, and technology. America is demographically vibrant, but because of that, we are losing our ability to fix certain issues. Other nations are catching up to us, and because of that, we are no longer the world’s “policeman” to the bigger countries, only to the smaller ones.

The Atlantic:Cities Are Trying to Fix Their Schools by Luring the Middle Class: It Won't Work
Public education in Philadelphia is failing
Leads to a cycle of under funded schools and poor performance

Upper & Middle class families try to correct problems
Families that choose to stay in the city are looking for solutions
Designed to invest in elementary and high school public

City began marketing initiative program to young families
Promoted Philadelphia’s cultural and historic heritage

City Center initiative seems to have succeeded, but caused other issues
Minority families felt shunned by a school system that was catering to upper class
Improvements were isolated to handful of schools in City Center; balance of schools still remained an issue
City Center initiatives did not resolve budget crisis, just focused improvements on some schools

America has accepted a two-class school system in public education
Take for granted urban schools will under perform
Does not discuss issues between urban and suburban school systems
1974 Supreme Court decision, Milliken v. Bradley, dismissed idea of creating “metropolitan” schools

Possible solutions for differences in school funding
Increase budgets for urban schools by shifting tax revenues from wealthy districts to poorer ones
Federal school funding on an equal basis

Conclusion
Increasing middle class students enrollment in urban schools promotes diversity and fairness
Not solving urban school funding and inner city divisions will hamper efforts to attract middle class
For more information on this topic, please visit:
http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2013/10/cities-are-trying-to-fix-their-schools-by-luring-the-middle-class-it-wont-work/280390/
Britain has already ‘had history’; the question remaining is ‘will the same thing happen to the United States?’ or ‘is it already in that process?’
to see how the U.S will be affected in the future, we can closely look at what happened in Britain
Current U.S military action matches the British from tens of years ago
a main difference in the world power between the U.S and Britain is the fact that the United States faced a challenge of political power, while Britain’s challenge was economic - the economy was wearing away quickly
AGING POPULATION EFFECTS
1. pension - less workers and more elders
2. innovative inventors - most work is done during ages 30-40
3. workers aging - they switch from saving money to spending money
the bad statistics are causing the harm to the country
today's advantages for the U.S are pretty much thanks to immigration
the U.S is remaining ‘fresh’ by the immigrants who want to make a living - ‘new life’
immigrants became the ‘backbone’ or the support of the working class
Do-Nothing Politics
The U.S. system always used to be able to bounce back during a crisis
The U.S. political system seems to be unable now to fix any of its weaknesses
The U.S. political system is very dysfunctional
-Britain vs. Boer = US vs. Iraq Army
-Whatever the outcome is (in Iraq), the US lost a lot of money
-Britain was thought of as 'the worlds greatest power' that could never be defeated. But during wars and battles it lost a lot of money and soldiers
Whereas the opponent who may not ave been as strong, spent far less money and did not suffer from too many casualties
-"history is repeating again"
-The US is on the same level as Britain once was; it was not directly defeated but it certainly did suffer from other losses

Britian was a unique superpower
Many argue how it could have possibly avoided World War II if it had changed its foreign policy
its immense empire was the product of certain circumstances
-5x more energy consumption than US
-1/5 of worlds trade and 2/5 of manufacturing trade
-By 1870's the US had caught up to Britian's standards
-Britian had still remained dominant in finance, shipping, and investment
-Unfortunately the economic return of the investments lead to an economic decline
-possible reasons include: geopolitics and economic factors



The Long Goodbye
-Britain's dominance was ended by WW2
-The US GDP was 10x more than that of Britain
- However it still did remain to be very influential

secondary
sources
Full transcript