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1920's Newspaper Project
Transcript of 1920's Newspaper Project
"The Great Gatsby" Fitzgerald wrote
this amidst the "Roaring
Twenties", a time period
when Americans started to
lose their strict sense of con
servatism and began to live a
generally more dissolute way
of life. Fitzgerald encompas-
ses the time period's glamo-
our in his novel. This is the cover of the first magazine of the New Yorker, published in February 21, 1925. It cost 15 cents to buy. #9 The New Yorker magazine published its first issue. Harold Ross launched the New Yorker in hopes of achieving a sophisticated humor magazine that would stand out from the other trite magazines that were being published at the time. #8 It was called the Milestone Mo-Tel and cost about $1.25 a night to stay there. The world's first motel was built in San Luis Obispo, California. #10 #6
The Tri-State Tornado rampages through Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people and injuring 2,027. Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes governor of Wyoming, the first female governor in the United States. #4 Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcast on radio. Coolidge delivering his inaugural address in 1925. #3 #7 In the Supreme Court case Oliver V United States, it was preserved that there is no 4th Amendment protection in "open fields" (Open fields doctrine). Two Kentucky officers received an anonymous tip that a farmer was growing marijuana in a field behind his house. The officers entered his land and passed a "No trespassing sign". The farmer was arrested for drug offenses but appealed to the Supreme Court for a violation of his 4th Amendment Rights, which requires a search warrant for inspecting private property. However, the Court established that open fields are not in the immediate vicinity of one's home; therefore the state is free to conduct warrantless searches. In the Supreme Court case Gitlow V New York, it is ruled that an individual state may forbid both speech and publication if they have a tendency to result in action dangerous to public security, even if it seems to present no danger. Gitlow was a socialist who was arrested for distributing copies of a "left-wing manifesto" that called for the establishment of socialism through strikes. Gitlow was convicted under a state criminal anarchy law, which punished advocating the overthrow of the government by force. At his trial, Gitlow argued that since there was no resulting action from the manifesto's publication, the state had no right to convict him. #2 Tennessee Govern-
or Austin Peay sig-
ns the Butler Act,
prohibiting the tea-
ching of evolution
in the state's public schools. Butler Act #5 Ross was the first female governor in the United States, first female director of the US Mint and the only female governor of Wyoming (so far). #1 Scopes "Monkey" Trial John T Scopes was a Tennessee teacher accused of violating the Butler Act. He, in some form, taught the ideas of evolution in his classroom. The prosecutor was famous politician and anti-evolutionist William Jennings Bryan. Scopes was defended by Clarence Darrow, America's top criminal lawyer at the time. Scopes being brought into the courtroom. As a result, Scopes was found guilty and fined $100.00. More importantly, the trial brought to light the growing division between Fundamentalists and Modernists. It reflected a collision of traditional views and values with more modern ones. After being convicted, Scopes spoke for the first time: "Your honor, I feel that I have been convicted of violating an unjust statute. I will continue in the future, as I have in the past, to oppose this law in any way I can." Judge John T. Raulston of Winchester holds the decision in the Tennessee versus John Scopes case at the Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee, July 17, 1925. Clarence Darrow (defense attorney) and Jennings Bryan (prosecutor) in conversation. The Nestor family in the ruins of their home in Griffin, Indiana, after the Tri-State Tornado hit.