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Crime & Punishment in Puritan Times

English 11 - Marlow

Elizabeth Cozine

on 13 September 2010

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Transcript of Crime & Punishment in Puritan Times

Crime and Punishment in Puritan Times by Elizabeth, Georgia, + Genevieve Adultery Punishment- The letters “AD” sewn into the back of their clothing, whipped in public Fornication Punishment
Unmarried and do not get married after incident- fined 10 shillings, with less than 3 days in prison, whipping
If you agree to get married you get fined but not whipping
Engaged Couple- 50 shilling fine Cursing God Punishment- serving up to 3 hours in public stocks Lying in Public- Punishment 10 shilling fine, if one cannot afford the 10 shillings they spend 2 hours in the public stocks Stealing Punishment- however much the item one stole cost you pay double that amount, or whipped in public Getting drunk Punishment- the magistrates determine this fine Gambling with dice or cards punishment- 40 shilling fine Wearing strange articles of clothing and or accessories punishment- 50 shilling fine Defacing a landmark punishment- depends on how severe the act is, ranges from 20 shillings to 5 pounds Tearing down or burning some ones fence punishment- first offence- Rebuild fence and a fine of 50 shillings, second offence fine of 5 pounds Smoking tobacco in public or near hay (solders exempted) punishment- 12 pence for first offence, 2 pence for second offense Denying the Scriptures punishment- whipping (depends on magistrates and the severe-ness of the crime) Failing to attend church punishment- fine of 10 shillings Working on a Sunday punishment- 10 shilling fineTraveling on a Sunday punishment- fine of 20 shillings Purtian Whipping Stealing- the letter “T” is branded into your hand
Works Cited
Cox, James A. “BILBOES, BRANDS, AND BRANKS Colonial Crimes and Punishments.” Colonial Willamsburg . N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2010. <http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/spring03/branks.cfm>.
Johnson, Caleb. “Crime and Punishments in Plymouth Colony.” Caleb Johnson’s Mayflower Web Pages. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2010. <http://webspot1.info/calebj/>.
Why are Puritans so strict? Religion dominated life for the Puritans in colonial New England and is the basis for many of their laws
Theocracy - a government ruled by or subject to religious authority
Puritans' rigid religious beliefs caused their laws to be austere as well Puritans believed in Old Testament methods, therefore they did not feel sorrowful over administering harsh punishments
the fact that a child could receive the death penalty for cursing their parents is a reflection of the Puritans' strict religious beliefs because one of the Ten Commandments is "Honor thy Mother and thy Father".

•Puritans believed in humiliating punishment, therefore many punishments were carried out in such a way so that the public could see. Some of these humiliating punishments included the stocks,, pillory, or having to wear a letter, representing the crime, on one's clothing.
•the magistrates especially liked public confessions and public apologies •The Puritans believed that they were to be representations of the proper Christian community, evident in John Winthrop's A Model of Christian Charity, when he spoke about their colony being a "city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us". The Puritans believed that harsh laws would keep people in line and keep them from sinning too frequently. The Puritans' harsh laws dealing with not only civil, but moral and religious matters as well, reflect their yearning to represent the "perfect" Christian community. Works Cited Cox, James A. "Bilboes, Brands, and Branks." Colonial Williamsburg. © The
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation 2010 , n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
Crockett, Cam. "Crime and Punishment." The Colonial America Web Page. Cam
Crockett, Melissa Hall, and Jared Nelson, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
Kizer, Kay. "Puritans." University of Notre Dame. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
Ushistory.org. "Puritan Life." U.S. History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
"God could forgive anything, but man could forgive only by seeing a change in behavior. Actions spoke louder than words, so actions had to be constantly controlled" -Kay Kizer punishable by Death
the Puritan's outlook on death The Puritans believed in punishment for sins, especially in public, to teach a lesson that there were always concequences. There were 5 acts that were punishable by death in Plymouth Colony.

-Treason or rebellion
-Willful murder
-Making a compact with Satan and witchcraft
-Arson of houses or ships
-Rape and sodomy (including homosexuality or relationships and sexual acts with animals) In Early America, the death penalty was generally a public and popular scene. Hangings were generally the form of the death penalty, with gallows in the main squares of town, which were generally painted black.

Ministers would be present at hanging, giving last rites in front of crowds, praying for repentance.

In addition to hangings, there were burnings at the stake.

For those who were sympathizers towards those who were punished, they were then branded "H" for heretic on their cheeks. Some, more than others would have body parts removed, or other cruel things done to them permanently.
Works cited McAllister, Jim. "Puritans Made Things Painful for Those Who Broke the Rules." Essex County Newspapers. 16 Aug. 2004. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
<http://www.ecnnews.com/cgi-bin/s/brimon.pl?slug-ecc16>. Hattemer, Henry. "The Death Penalty in Early America." Georgetown Web Design DC: DC Website Design Company. 2 Nov. 2000. Web. 13 Sept. 2010. <http://www.georgetownwebdesign.com/ed/deathpenalty.html>. Cox, James A. "Bilboes, Brands, and Branks." Colonial Williamsburg. © The
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation 2010 , n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2010.
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