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A New Century and War
Transcript of A New Century and War
How did growing US influence abroad and WWI affect the nation and NC?
As a result of the shrinking world, Americans became more aware of
and events around the world. The nation soon found itself involved in
Some people in the US were
with this new role
Most citizens expected the government to
them and their business interests in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia
Our role in conflicts and events in other countries soon made us a world
Expanding the Nation (again)
In 1867, Secretary of State William Seward had arranged for the US to buy
from Russia for $7.2 million or less than 2 cents per acre
Some thought it was foolish to buy a land of ice and snow
Called it “Seward’s
” and “Seward’s Folly”
Others understood that it was a land rich in timber, fish, and furs
These people were called
, or those that favored taking over land outside the country
Not long after Alaska was purchased,
and other resources were discovered there.
Alaska became our
on January 3, 1959
The industrial nations of the world are competing for
materials and customers
These nations are racing to see who could build the biggest
and strongest army
Each nation also tried to build as large an empire as possible
All of this led to
wars and, in time, the the largest war in history, WWI
Allies--Serbia, France, Great Britain,
, Japan, Italy, and the US
Central Powers--Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
This era started in 1890 and lasted until the 1920’s.
It introduced several
that increased the power of the people in government
were writers who investigated unethical and illegal practice in
, government, and society. They exposed wrong-doings. They often exaggerated accounts of what was happening
Ida Tarbell, who helped exposed Rockefeller’s Standard Oil, was considered the
in investigative journalism
As the US grew larger and more powerful in the 20th century, the world seemed to “
.” News and people traveled faster than ever before as a result of the
that came out of the Industrial Revolution.
By the early 1900’s, the US was one of the
nations in the world
Each year thousands of ships loaded with steel, machinery, and other goods left the US ports and sailed to countries in
parts of the world
The people of the US also started
in other countries
This growing involvement brought the US into conflicts
We attack first in the Pacific, and then in
Theodore Roosevelt, one of many volunteers, led a group known as the
This group included cowboys, lumberjacks, and Native Americans
They were considered a
because they were soldiers on horseback
Spain freed Cuba
Spain gave the US the islands of Guam and
to the US
Spain sold the Philippians to the US for $
Some people in the US were against us taking over other lands
This is known as
Most Americans favored
so the treaty was approved
Becoming a World Power
A war with
at this time and Cuban residents revolted
US reporters went to Cuba to report to the US what was happening
As the fighting continued, the US read the shocking accounts
These were often exaggerated and included opinions instead of just
. This is known as yellow journalism
They urged Congress to help free Cuba of Spanish rule
Remember, Cuba is only
miles from the US
The US tries to stay out of it
But a US
that was stationed in Cuba to protect the US citizens from fighting was blown up while in the harbor of Havana, Cuba
of those there were killed
To this day, we don’t know the
of the explosion
This explosion caused the US to declare
1. Name one of the results of the “shrinking” world.
2. What country was a colony of Spain, that when it revolted, it worried our citizens due to yellow journalism?
3. What was the name of the cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt?
4. What territory did we win when we won the Spanish War that we still have today?
Many American business people had settled in the islands
They set up
plantations hoping to sell Hawaiian sugar to the US
Hawaiian ruler, Queen Liliuokalani, wanted to limit foreign power in Hawaii but the US settlers
against her and won
1898 President William McKinley made Hawaii a
of the US
1959 Hawaii became the nation’s
and Pacific Oceans making the shipping industry quicker
US paid Panama $10 million and $250,000 yearly for the land on which the canal was built
signed the Panama Canal Treaty transferring control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century
Democratic rule (had been a dictatorship) was returned to Panama in the
On December 31, 1999, the Panama Canal was peacefully turned over to Panama
1. Justify the reason many people of the US called Alaska’s purchase “Seward’s Folly?”
2. What number of state was Alaska? Hawaii?
3. How was the US able to acquire Hawaii?
4. What body of water did we build that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans making shipping faster?
Allied Forces and Central Powers European Map
Causes of WWI
Industrial countries in Europe were very
; they wanted to increase the size of their empires
(like a friendship)
to protect themselves from each other. If attacked, alliances would
The alliances are what
many of the countries into the war
War was triggered by the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
WWI and America
The US tried to stay
of the war
Most Americans saw it as a European affair in which they had no interest
When the war began, the US declared
meaning it would not help either side
Despite President Woodrow Wilson urging Americans to stay neutral, many began to favor the Allied cause
(information that emphasizes on one side of a story)
used to sway people towards the Allies
Allies had more
governments like the US
US had greater
ties to the Allies
US had been formed by
colonies so felt closer to them
US started to turn on Germany when their
sunk the Lusitania, a British passenger ship which was unarmed.
More than 100 Americans died
the law because the seas were to be neutral territory
German U-boats also sank numerous American commercial ships
US discovered that the German government had sent a telegram to the government of
Germany urged Mexico to join the Central Powers and declare
on the US
In return, Germany would help Mexico regain its “
territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona” (Mexican War)
April 6, 1917, Congress declared war on
Treaty of Versailles made the following conditions:
Germany was forced to give up
size was reduced and it was forbidden to have submarines and aircraft
Germany accepted responsibility for starting the
and was penalized $33 million in damages to other nations
League of Nations
Created by President Woodrow
to settle conflicts without war
US citizens believed that their country’s best hope for peace was to stay
In the end, the US
join the League
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
gun was made more advanced
Airplanes were used to
battlegrounds for 1st time
Results of WWI
The Treaty of Versailles severely punished Germany. Even though Germany never paid all the money it owed, this still damaged its already weakened economy
Historians now believe that the loss of pride and economic hardship led the Germans to elect Adolf
Treaty of Versailles is a major
1. How does it make sense that with the “shrinking” world that industrial nations are competing over raw materials and customers? Support your answer!
2. What would motivate many small wars between European countries prior to WWI?
3. What caused many Americans to be persuaded to be on the Allies side of the war?
4. Name the treaty that ended WWI.
5. Which side won the war?
6. Who did the treaty punish?
7. How did growing US influence abroad and WWI affect the nation and NC?
Progressivism affect both NC and the US
(a plan to set aside money for retirement)
to disabled and destitute veterans
Created or supported orphanages and institutes for mentally ill
Revised voting laws making it almost
for AA’s to vote (setback)
from wartime jobs, and they were not allowed to live where they wanted or go to school where they wanted
(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was formed to help AA’s gain civil rights by bringing discrimination cases to court
(the period between 1919 and 1933 when the manufacture, purchase, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited by the
which enforced the
which WAS Prohibition)
Women and church groups wanted this law
Repealed in 1933
Reduced the workweek and enacted child
NC and TN did
7 changes during this time period
Fear of communists--Americans feared we’d be taken over by Communists (
limits--set the total number of immigrants that could come to the US each year and the number allowed to enter from different countries
Americans--felt they should have civil rights because they fought in the war even though they weren’t citizens
Voting rights for women--
Beginning of the
age--factories poured out consumer goods and as industries boomed providing good wages so people could afford to buy items
Credit--people went into
spending more money than they earned
were being made in a new Hollywood
Radio brought entertainment to
Sports stars became larger-than- life
(like Babe Ruth)
Was known as the
Age because jazz was the new music
(when Harlem witnessed a burst of creativity)
Inspired an interest in African
and pride in being African American
During the Prohibition, the Bureau of Prohibition would dump out any alcohol they found
First Women Voting
Changes for women
In the workplace, they were allowed to take jobs considered “
work” such as teaching and working in offices
College educated women could get
More women worked after
Vast majority remained in the home as homemakers and
Flappers--named as such because they were carefree young women with short, “bobbed” hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts
Many were shocked at this image and saw them as bad morals but the
reinforced the idea that women had more freedom
1. During the Progressive Movement, several reforms were introduced. In general, what did these reforms do to improve our nation?
2. What were some setbacks of the Progressive Movement?
3. Define “consumer age.”
4. Name a change for women:
5. Pick one of the categories under “Other Changes,” Google it, and summarize something interesting about it.
6. In your opinion, what was the most ideal change during the Progressive Movement?