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Transcript of Civil War
Robert E. Lee
Ulysses S. Grant
William Tecumseli Sherman
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Battle of Gettysburg was the deadliest battle of the American Civil War.
51,000 Soldiers were killed
Turning Point of the war.
General Ulysses S. Grant laid slege to vicksburg, and Mississippi
The last military action in the civil war
Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas were cut off from the confederacy.
Advantages of each side
Fought on July 22,1864
Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman
Sherman burned down most of the building in the city.
Suspended the constitutional right of habeas corpus
Lincoln used his emergency powers to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
The 16th president
President of Confederate States of America, 1861-1865
Captured by union forces and charged with treason
Defeated at Battle of Gettysburg
Appointed general in chief of Confederate armies
Surrendered to U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant to end the Civil War
Won the first union victories
Captured control of the Mississippi River in sledge of Vicksburg
Accepted surrender of confederate General Lee to end civil war
Destroyed Atlanta; and ended confederate's ability to fight
Accepted surrender of all confederate armies in carolinas Georgia, and Florida (march to the Sea)
Died in battle
Served as a Confederate general under Robert E. Lee
Accidentally shot by Confederate troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The largest battle of the American Civil War.
The bloodiest battle in American history.
Emancipated (freed) all slaves held in the confederate states
The Proclamation did not outlaw slavery, and did not grant citizenship to ex-slaves
By, the early 1800s, Northern factories were producing many goods, and Northern were able to pass many heavy tax laws on imported goods from Europe so southerners would have to buy goods from the North. These taxes angered the southerns
Southerners felt that Federal government were passing laws that treated them unfairly. They believed that individual states had the right to "nullify", or overturn, any law the Federal government had.
The north worked hard to end slavery in the United States. They were more opposed that one person could be there "own" another. Abolitionist in the North wrote books, and newspapers spreading the idea to end slavery.
The South felt that the abolitionist were attacking there way of life, and felt the federal government wasn't doing enough to protect there "property" from running way.
Had 4 times as many free citizens
Had many people grow food and to work in factories to make supplies
Had more than 70% of the National rail lines
Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight
Had skills that made them good soldiers
Many officers in the United States were from the south
Fought on September 17, 1864
First major battle in the American Civil War
The bloodiest single day battle in American history.