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Cotton Textile

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Olivia Walker

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Cotton Textile

Cotton:
the fabric of our lives Olivia Walker
AMM 160/L
Matus Cotton is a
cellulosic seed fiber Out of all the natural fibers,
cotton is the MOST
important Approximately 125 million bales are produced annually, by far the largest amount of all natural fibers. It is produced in 90 countries Cotton production affects social, economic, and environmental conditions around the world. The leading producers of cotton include:
China
India
The United States
Turkey
Pakistan
Uzbekistan
Brazil
Australia
Parts of Africa The most used cotton species in the United States is American Upland Cotton, called Short Staple Cotton. Cotton is a part of our daily lives.
From when we dry our face with a soft cotton towel in the morning
until we slide into our soft cotton sheets at night.
It has hundreds of uses, from blue jeans to shoe strings. Clothing and household items are the largest uses, but industrial products account for the use of thousands of bales of cotton. Flexibility: Fair
Hand: Good
Luster: Little
Resiliency: Poor
Static resistance:Good
Pilling resistance:Good
Absorbency: 8.5% It may have existed in Egypt as early as 12,000 B.C. Cotton has been cultivated and used to make fabrics for at least 7,000 years. Fragments of cotton fabrics have been found by archeologists in:
Mexico (from 3500 B.C.)
India (3000 B.C.)
Peru (2500 B.C.)
and in the southwestern U.S. (500 B.C.) Cotton has been cultivated in this country
since the first settlers of Jamestown in 1607 began growing it for their clothing needs.

It also played a key role in the birth of the American Industrial Revolution.

U.S. is the largest cotton producer (18.4 million bales)

Followed by:
China: 17.5 million bales.
India: 12.8 million bales.
Pakistan: 8.0 million bales.
Former U. S. S. R. republics: 7.7 million bales The highest cotton consumption is attributed to:
China: 21.2 million bales
India: 12.9 million bales
and U.S.: 11.3 million bales Cotton unlike other threads is inelastic.

Due to its lack of elasticity this makes it perfect for producing clothing as cotton does not loose its shape when washed

Cotton is stronger than wool however is not stronger than silk or linen. This is due to its microscopic structure as cotton is made of thin hollow tubes that can easily be broke. Almost everything that we wear is made of cotton.

75% of all men's clothing is made of 100% cotton
65% of women's clothing is made of cotton/cotton blend
75% of summer clothes are 100% cotton
60% of winter clothes are 100% cotton (Cotton Inc.) Further Innovations in the Cotton Industry Stay True Cotton helps indigo-dyed and tinted denim retain their original color longer.
Denim garments finished with the Stay True Cotton technology retained 93% of their original depth of color after 25 home launderings, compared with about 80% in untreated garments
Due to reduced number of laundering, it is environmentally friendly Storm Denim repellent treatment that protects the wearer from moderate rain, snow, and wet conditions while maintaining the natural comfort and 'breathability' of cotton Wicking Windows a moisture management technology for cotton that transfers moisture away from the body, reduces absorbent capacity for faster drying and reduces fabric cling Physical Attributes:
Length: Cotton is usually 1 ½ to 2 ½ inches.
Diameter: 12-20m(microns)
Shape: Flat.
Surface: Smooth.
Longitudinal Configuration: Naturally twisted.
Hydrophilic: Absorbs water easily, also possesses good wicking action. The other species raised in the US is
American Pima Cotton, called extra-long staple. Cotton has poor resistance to mildew and should not be allowed to remain wet for long periods of time. The fiber has good strength and abrasion resistance.
It’s hydrophilic (8 ½ percent moisture regain) and absorbs moisture quickly.
Good for towels and active wear.
Drying gives a cooling effect.
Makes cotton a comfortable fiber to wear in hot weather.
It has a 10 percent increase in strength when wet.
Makes it completely laundrable.
It is dry cleanable and has no static or pilling problems.
It has fair drape and a soft hand, and it is inexpensive. Burn Test Results:
Burns only.
Does not shirk from flame.
Smells like burning paper, leaves, or wood.
Residue: Fine, feathery, grey ash.
Afterglow If a soft, absorbent fabric is desired for men’s undershirts, cotton would be excellent.
Nylon would be undesirable.

However, for a ski-jacket shell, where great strength and wear resistance are required, nylon fiber would be a good choice, whereas cotton would not.

It is easy to make a sharp crease on a cotton fabric, but not a dry-wool material. Chemical Solubility Test:
Cotton will dissolve in Sulphuric acid
70% concentration
38 Degrees Celsius
20 minutes. The longer the staple length, the better the fiber properties. Cotton can be drawn into thread

Cotton is a soft material that can be easily worked with.

Cotton is a material that "breaths well" this is due to its microscopic fiber structure which allows air to pass through the material.

Also Cotton is Hypoallergenic and Dust Mite resistant making it a perfect choice of material for people with allergies.

Also cotton is a reusable material that can be used more than once and retains its shape when washed (Correctly)

Cotton is also relatively cheap and can be dyed to produce a wider range of products and help blend with other materials. Cotton has little luster and poor elasticity and resiliency.
It is attacked by mildew and silverfish.
It is highly resistant to alkalies but is weakened by resin chemicals used in finishing.
Cotton fabrics form lint because the short fibers are able to come out of the fabric easily. 100% Cotton Products
• 100% cotton brand bedding
• 100% cotton menswear
• 100% cotton infant/layette items
• 100% cotton swabs, rounds, balls, and squares
• 100% cotton fine art papers & museum boards
• 100% cotton slipcovers 100% Egyptian Barbadense cotton, grown in Egypt. 15/85 Nonwoven Cotton Blends
Disposable medical and surgical
PurCotton® products for institutional and home use
Playskool® Cottony Cloth Wipes
Kotex® Security Tampons Earth/Soil Loving Cotton-based Products from Gin Byproducts
Hydromulch The Organic Cotton Logo has been created to provide
Organic Exchange member companies with a uniform mark to identify their products, or families of products, from yarn to finished goods, that contain certified organic cotton Environment-loving Cotton-based Products from Gin Byproducts Supima is the promotional organization of the American Pima cotton growers.
The Board of Directors of this non-profit organization is composed of Pima growers from the states of Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas. 60/40 Nonwoven Cotton Blends

Disposable medical and surgical PurCotton® products for institutional and home use In home furnishings, cotton’s uses range from bedspreads to window shades. U.S. paper money is not actually made of paper at all;
it’s actually a blend of 75% cotton and 25% linen
Eventually, about 57% of it is converted into apparel,
more than a third into home furnishings
and the remainder into industrial products. Most of its apparel usage, however, is for men and boys’ clothing. Cotton supplies over 70% of this market, with jeans, shirts and underwear being major items. It is by far the dominant fiber in towels and washcloths, supplying almost 100% of that market. Cotton is popular in sheets and pillowcases, where it holds over 60% of the market. Industrial products containing cotton are as diverse as wall coverings, bookbindings and zipper tapes. The biggest cotton users in this category, however, are
medical supplies, industrial thread and tarpaulins. Cotton is used for virtually every type of clothing, from coats and jackets to foundation garments. Cotton became a major fiber in the US only after the Industrial Revolution began in this country.

Cotton with its short fiber length was not suited to the hand carding and spinning being performed before that time. ELS is a high-quality cotton because it has an extra-long staple length, over 1 3/8 inches, combined with a fine diameter and high strength. Egyptian cotton is also another species of high-quality, long-staple cotton. The more expensive, extra-long Pima cotton has greater strength, more luster, and silkier hand than Upland cotton Works Cited

"Cotton - Facts and General Information from Swicofil." Cotton - Facts and General Information from Swicofil. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013.

"Cotton Fiber | Physical And Chemical Properties Of Cotton." Textile Fashion Study. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013.

"The Cotton Incorporated Corporate Homepage - Cotton Incorporated." The Cotton Incorporated Corporate Homepage - Cotton Incorporated. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2013.

"Cotton." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 May 2013. Web. 27 May 2013.

"Farm to Market: Cotton (clips)." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Oct. 2009. Web. 27 May 2013.

Kadolph, Sara J. Textiles: Basics. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2013. Print.

Ma..., Dr Muhammad Mushtaq. "Structure and Properties of Cotton Fiber: A Literature Review." Scribd. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013.

"Recent Developments In Cotton." COTTON FIBERS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013.
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