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Satire

Preparation for Huck Finn
by

Chelsa Anderson

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Satire

Understanding Satire, Parody, and Humorous Arguments
Types of Satire
Four Shapes of Literature
What is Satire?
"Dying is easy,
comedy is hard."
George Bernard Shaw
Our Lens
We are looking at Huck Finn as a satire.
Humorous, wry, detached
Tragedy
Comedy
Romance
Satire
Main character breaks from society, family, country, etc.
Government, society, family breaking down
Shape of Disintegration
Shape of Reintegration
Restoring family or social order
Things start out jumbled but sort out
Shape of Wish-fulfillment
Adventure full of excitement and passion
Main character desires something and eventually gets it
Shape of Fragmentation
Chaos, uncivilized
Social fabric threatens to come apart
Ridicules politics, society, human foibles
Makes us examine life & change it
Moral outrage is at its core, then it either:
Condemns
Warns/Heals
FORMAL/DIRECT
INDIRECT
Directly addresses audience or reader; openly criticizes topic
Relies on ridiculous behavior of characters
Horatian
Juvenalian
Ridicules gently
Often laugh-out-loud funny
“Satirical physician”
Derides subjects harshly and bitterly
Abrasive
"Satirical executioner”
Parody
Humorous imitation of another work
Generally, original work is serious
Humorously imitates style, key ideas, form
Often tackles “inappropriate” subjects
Typically light-hearted or good-natured
May also mock shared/universal experience
Differences Between Satire & Parody
Satire
invents fictitious situation
Parody
imitates or mocks existing work
Purpose: ridicule people, events, or ideas
May include existing elements/real details
Purpose: Points out flaws of the original work
Absurdly exaggerates its characteristics
Humor Devices
Irony
Hyperbole
Meiosis
Jargon
Verbal Irony consists of implying a meaning different from, and often the complete opposite of, the one that is explicitly stated.
Situational Irony is a twist in what is expected.
exaggeration
You won't be sorry, meaning you'll be glad

He's no fool,
meaning he's wise

Not uncommon,
meaning frequent

She's not a bad singer,
meaning she's a good singer
Using expressions from particular group or field
Venti
Extra Hot
Triple shot
Vanilla
Americano
With Room
hyperbole is the best device ever!
You will be writing your own satire for this unit.
Detail
Incongruity
Timing
Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" presents a solution to Ireland's famine by suggesting the upper classes eat the babies of the poor. He doesn't really mean that.
Oedipus sees clearly when he gouges out his eyes.
Structural Irony refers to an implication of alternate or reversed meaning that pervades a work.
This may occur when the story is told from multiple viewpoints or from the point of view of an unreliable narrator who continually interprets events and intentions in ways that the author signals are mistaken (Voltaire's Candide: "everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds.")
Dramatic irony occurs when the audience is privy to knowledge that one or more characters lacks. Think of horror movies and sitcoms.
Understatement for effect
Mercutio says that his wound is "but a scratch."
Using current events or topics
Building suspense, then dropping a punchline
Saturday Night Live,
The Daily Show
offering extended description or attention to particular items
“And before you accuse me of being some kind of sherry-sipping ascot-wearing ballet-attending MacNeil-Lehrer-NewsHour-watching wussy, please note that I am a sports guy myself, having had a legendary atheletic career consisting of nearly a third of the 1965 season on the track team at Pleasantville High School." --Dave Barry, “Where the Leaders of Tomorrow Are Leaving Wads of Gum on the Auditorium Seats of Today”
Pairing unexpected or contrasting elements together for comic effect
Juxtaposing levels of diction:
using elevated diction to discuss a mundane topic
colloquial expressions for lofty figures or situations

Combining pop culture with "higher subjects"
the President of the U.S. mentioning Lady Gaga

Considering bizarre "what ifs"
Litotes
She's not a bad singer,
meaning she's a good singer

He's no fool,
meaning he's wise

Not uncommon,
meaning frequent

You won't be sorry,
meaning you'll be glad
understating of a thought by denying its opposite
a point that is stated in a way that is greatly exaggerated
Full transcript