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Fur, Zaghawa and Masalit tribes.

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Morgan Brockman

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of Fur, Zaghawa and Masalit tribes.

The targeted groups are the non-Arab or African tribal groups of Darfur, mainly the Fur, the Massaleit, and the Zaghawa, but also the Tunjur, the Birgid, the Dajo, and others.
Who were the targeted groups of the Darfur?
How many civilians were affected by this crisis?
480,000 Darfurians have been killed, and over 2.8 million people are displaced.
How was the government of Sudan involved in the genocide?
The government of Sudan is located in Khartoum. Regions outside such as the South and Darfur have been excluded. To fight for their rights, African rebel groups in Darfur fought against the government in 2003. The Sudanese government then created "Janjaweed" militias to attack populations of African tribes who were thought to be supportive of the rebellion.
Who is primarily responsible for the violence in Darfur? Explain
In 2003, two Darfurian rebel movements attacked the government because of unfairness against them. The government of Sudan responded by unleashing Arab militias known as Janjaweed. Janjaweed militia attacked hundreds of villages throughout Darfur. Over 400 villages were completely destroyed and millions of civilians were forced to flee their homes. The Janjaweed is mainly responsible for the violence in Darfur.
By: Morgan & Emma
Where did the victims who escaped take refuge? Explain
What do you think people in the world should do in response to the situation? Why is it difficult for the world to respond?
The people of the world should send aid to Darfur such as:
Emergency kits.
Medicine and others.
Non perishable food.

It is difficult for the world to respond partially because of the remoteness of the region, and the lack of access by international humanitarian agencies for people to actually find out about what is going on in Darfur.
When and Where the Genocide Occurred
They took refuge along the border of Chad into squalid camps, also known as refugee camps.
Eyewitness Accounts
The killings began in 2003, and continue today. It's the first genocide in the 21st century. A rebel attack happened against the Sudanese government in February 2003, which in turn caused the government to retaliate.

This genocide has occurred in African villages in Darfur. Darfur is a region in Western Sudan.

Effects of the Victimized Population

"First the Janjaweed came, on horse and on camel, and then the rebels, with heavy arms and vehicles," said Tagalo's father, Hassan Ahmed Abubakar. He was reunited with the wounded boy a few days ago in Goz Beida hospital, a squat concrete block with just a handful of staff for the most urgent cases.

After being bandaged up, Tagalo was consigned to a canvas tent outside, where his father sat fanning the flies from his face. The three-year-old winced and writhed from the discomfort, and cried for his mother who was away at a neighboring hospital.

480,000 people have been killed, and over 2.8 million people are displaced or in refuge camps in Chad.

The conflict in Darfur has also increased tensions in neighboring Chad and the Central African Republic as hundreds of thousands of refugees stream over the two.

Girls who had been raped were afraid they would face a such stigma. Those who had children as a result of rape did not take their children to hospital for fear that the doctors would wonder why they had such children.

Many injured men due to the and now rely on humanitarian aid and many women rely on small jobs such as income from selling firewood.

Effects of the Community Overall
The Darfur wishing to return to their homes and villages to their lives can't: the Janjaweed, continue their attacks. Women and girls are raped, men and boys beaten or killed. At the same time, many villages and lands have been occupied Arab groups.

If the male had died, the women now consider themselves the head of the household.

Eight Stages of Genocide
Classification- when groups are distinguished.
Symbolization- when a name or symbol is assigned to that classification.
Dehumanization: One group denies the humanity of the other group.
Organization- Genocide is always organized, usually by the state, often using militias to provide deniability of state responsibility

Polarization- People drive the groups apart. Hate groups start propaganda.
Preparation- Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity
Extermination- Mass killings of the group to not believed to be fully human.
Denial- Cover up evidence and blame it on victims. Surest sign of genocide.
International and National reactions to the Genocide
What is the United Nations?
Omar al-Bashir
Political beliefs:
He is the president of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party.

Actions during this time period:
al-Bashir's government negotiated an end to the Second Sudanese Civil War
there has been a very violent civil war between the Janjaweed and rebel groups, which al-Bashir is accused of supporting the Janjaweed
Al Bashir has signed two peace agreements for Darfur.
in 2006 and 2011
The United Nations is a intergovernmental organization of nations that was formed on October 24, 1945 to promote peace, security, and international cooperation.
Should the U.S. or the U.N. work to end dictatorship around the world? Why or why not?
Dictatorships are never positive.
The U.S. should work to end dictatorships around the world because the U.N. tries to keep some dictators in power, and also has aided some international terrorist.
Repressive Aggressive Actions Against Darfur
Dictators are never positive. They always stay in office after they are not needed, and their records for human rights are usually terrible. Human rights are one of the most important things.
Repressive Aggressive Actions Include:
The government training and supporting the Janjaweed
Denying help from foreign aid, and arresting journalists and such.
Denying that the government has had a part in the war, and the number of those killed.

September 2004, the US declared that a genocide was happening in Darfur
In 2005, UN peacekeepers were sent to Darfur.
In 2007, the UN Security Council sent UNAMID force numbering some 26,000 troops and police.
Many peace talks have occurred between many countries.
Many groups and organizations have sent food, water, and medicine to those in need.
The Sudanese government has tried block these attempts.
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