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Cultural Revolutions

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David Mitiguy

on 29 November 2018

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Transcript of Cultural Revolutions

Cultural Revolutions
As Society Changes, So Does It's Culture
- Artistic movements serve as a reflection of the revolutions being
carried out in Europe

- The first half of the 1800s = a focus on the ideas of freedom, human rights, and idealistic representations of history

- Second half of the 1800s = obsession with reality, depictions of the indulgence of the rich and the suffering of the poor
- Rooted in England and Germany

- Influenced by folklore, history, and nationalism

- Manifests as visual art, music, and literature

- Common aspects of the artistry included religion, exoticism, individualism, emotion, and nature
- Starts in France as a reaction to the growth of Romanticism

- Strong desire to provide accurate depictions of life

- New technologies, like the camera, influence the growth of Realism
- Mainly focused on visual art but there are examples of music and literature

- Tries to capture a visual first impression of an image

- Starts in France in response to Realism...Impressionism attempts to be the supreme form of Realism
William Wordsworth
- English poet, who helped launch the Romantic Age
Once did She hold the gorgeous east in fee;
And was the safeguard of the west: the worth
Of Venice did not fall below her birth,
Venice, the eldest Child of Liberty.
She was a maiden City, bright and free;
No guile seduced, no force could violate;
And, when she took unto herself a Mate,
She must espouse the everlasting Sea.
And what if she had seen those glories fade,
Those titles vanish, and that strength decay;
Yet shall some tribute of regret be paid
When her long life hath reached its final day:
Men are we, and must grieve when even the Shade
Of that which once was great is passed away.
On The Extinction of the Venetian Republic
1770 - 1850
John Wolfgang von Goethe
- German poet and playwright, often considered the greatest literary mind in German history
1749 - 1832
- A play that depicts a Doctor depressed by having acquired all earthly knowledge with nothing left to learn

-The devil appears to him, and attempts to help him find pleasure in other pursuits (first through love and then through earthly pleasures)

- He ultimately dies, bitter and disillusioned but through his work gained his way into heaven
- Constantine - Bohemian Rhapsody

- Ghost Rider - Immortal Technique
Ludwig van Beethoven
- German composer, who became deaf at age 30

- 9th Symphony (Ode to Joy) considered greatest romantic composition
1770 - 1827

Jacques - Louis David
- French artist, obsessed with the current events of France
- Early on, he is a revolution sympathizer but later becomes a Napoleon supporter
1748 - 1825
Death of Marat
Charles Dickens
1812 - 1870
Had more than 20 books published.

Commonly published works in serial format
Oliver Twist

A Tale of Two Cities

A Christmas Carol

Great Expectations
Honoré de Balzac
1799 - 1850
- French journalist who socialized with Romantic writers

- Like Dickens, wrote serials to maximize income
- Critic of monarchy (Specifically, Napoleon and Louis-Philippe)
Honoré Daumier
1808 - 1879
French Painter, Sculptor, and Caricaturist

Famous for works of satire

Works often focused on the lower class
Claude Debussy
Your soul is a delicate landscape

Where roam charming masks and bergamasques

Playing the lute and dancing and seeming almost

Sad under their whimsical disguises.

While singing in a minor key

Of victorious love and easy life

They don't seem to believe in their happiness

And their song mingles with the moonlight,

With the sad and beautiful moonlight,

Which makes the birds in the trees dream

And sob with ecstasy the water streams,

The great slim water streams among the marbles.
Child prodigy, who earns a free education in Italy
Claude Monet
- Most famous French painter

- Famous for landscapes and caricaturists

- Eventually went blind
Edgar Degas
- French Painter, known for his work with pastels

- Subjects often focused on dancers and horses as well as portraits

- Typically placed his subjects off center in paintings
Clair de Lune - By: Paul Verlaine
Painting Analysis
Full transcript