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Reasons for the Growth of American Imperialism
Transcript of Reasons for the Growth of American Imperialism
The reasons for the "Growth of American Imperialism was because of Economic, Political, Religious, Exploratory.
Economic- Desire to make money, expands and control foreign trade, acquire raw materials and cheap labor, etc..
Political- Motives were based on nations desires to gain power, expand territory, to exercise military force, etc..
Religious- Desire to spread Christianity, to Protect European missionaries in other lands, European values and moral beliefs, etc..
Exploratory- Desires to explore uncharted terriory, to conduct scienitific research, conduct medical searches for the causes and treatment of diseases, etc..
Reasons for the Growth of American Imperialism
Commodore matthew was born in April 10, 1794. He was the one who achieve the goal to open the doors of trade with Japan. He went to Tokyo bay with ships just so they can have the treaty. It took long for the Japanesse to reply but Commodore recieved the letter. It Proviede the follow:
1.Peace and friendship between the United States and Japan.
2.Opening of two ports to American ships at Shimoda and Hakodate
3.Help for any American ships wrecked on the Japanese coast and protection for shipwrecked persons
4.Permission for American ships to buy supplies, coal, water, and other necessary provisions in Japanese ports
Opening Japan And Commodore Matthew Perry
Americans came to Hawaii, because they had sugar plantations and they wanted to keep and sell Hawaii's sugar. Hawaii Queen told them (Americans) to leave because she thought they was taking over to much power of Hawaii.
America's Acquisition of Hawaii
The Venezuelan Boundary Dispute began in 1841 when Government protested alleged British encroachment on Venezuelan territory.When gold was discovered in the disputed territory, Great Britain sought to further extend its reach, claiming an additional 33,000 square miles west of the Schomburgk Line, an area where gold had been discovered. In 1876 Venezuela protested, broke diplomatic relations with Great Britain, and appealed to the United States for assistance, citing the Monroe Doctrine as justification for U.S. involvement.
Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
America Acquisition of Alaska
They bought Alaska in 1867 and it ended the marked of Russian efforts to expand trade and settlements to the pacific coast of north America. Unedited states rises as a great power in asia pacific region. American had competition with Russian explores and traders. St. Petersburg, however, lacked the financial resources to support major settlements or a military presence along the Pacific coast of North America and permanent Russian settlers in Alaska never numbered more than four hundred
The Spanish American war
The Spanish-American War of 1898 ended Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere and secured the position of the United States as a Pacific power. U.S. victory in the war produced a peace treaty that compelled the Spanish to relinquish claims on Cuba, and to cede sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States. The United States also annexed the independent state of Hawaii during the conflict
America and Puerto Rico
The Platt Amendment
The Platt Amendment was "set of conditions under which Cuba was franted independence in 1902, including restrictions on right of Cubans and granting U.S the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba
The Open Door Policy
The Open Door Policy was initiated by the United States during the years 1899-1900 for the protection of equal privileges among countries trading with China and in support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity. The statement was issued in the form of circular notes dispatched by U.S. Secretary of State John Hay to Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, and Russia. The Open Door policy was received with almost universal approval in the United States, and for more than 40 years it was a cornerstone of American foreign policy.
The Panama Canal
The Panama Canal was built during the 1904. The Panama Canal was built for permitting ships transit in both direction from Alantic and Pacific oceans.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monore Doctrine
Dollar Diplomacy Under President traft
Taft shared the view held by Knox, a corporate lawyer who had founded the giant conglomerate U.S. Steel, that the goal of diplomacy was to create stability and order abroad that would best promote American commercial interests. Knox felt that not only was the goal of diplomacy to improve financial opportunities, but also to use private capital to further U.S. interests overseas. “Dollar diplomacy” was evident in extensive U.S. interventions in the Caribbean and Central America, especially in measures undertaken to safeguard American financial interests in the region. In China, Knox secured the entry of an American banking conglomerate, headed by J.P. Morgan, into a European-financed consortium financing the construction of a railway from Huguang to Canton. In spite of successes, “dollar diplomacy” failed to counteract economic instability and the tide of revolution in places like Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and China
America and The Philippines
On Feb. 4, 1899 a fight broke out between American forces and the Flipino Nationalist. The Flipinos was lef by Emilio who thought that independence rather change in colonial rulers. It was a war between Americans and the Flipinos. It lasted three years and killed many combatants. The cause for this war was because the U.S government was on a quest for an overseas empire and the desire of the Filipino people for freedom.
American Arguments for Imperialism
Anti- Imperialist League
Have increased resources and some strategic positioning of colonies could enhance trade and boost the American economy.
Kind of along the lines of Manifest Destiny, colonizing foreign lands could lead to America spreading it's wealth, influence and culture abroad. Imperialism could be a key component in creating a more civil foreign people
Annexation (particularly in the Pacific) could lead to heightened US involvement in the political and military affairs of the Eastern Asians. To avoid such conflict, only avoiding imperialism could provide an alternative.
The Constitution sets forth a principle that calls for the "consent of the governed." To imperialize, and thus annex other colonies would violate this important aspect of our democracy.
A leader that seeks to colonize and act in a tyrannical manner abroad may be more inclined to act in such a way at home in the United States. Tolerating despotism in any form could be a tell-tale sign of a flawed government.
President Theodore Roosevelt’s assertive approach to Latin America and the Caribbean has often been characterized as the “Big Stick,” and his policy came to be known as the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.The Roosevelt Corollary of December 1904 stated that the United States would intervene as a last resort to ensure that other nations in the Western Hemisphere fulfilled their obligations to international creditors, and did not violate the rights of the United States or invite “foreign aggression to the detriment of the entire body of American nations.” As the corollary worked out in practice, the United States increasingly used military force to restore internal stability to nations in the region. Roosevelt declared that the United States might “exercise international police power in ‘flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence.’”
"General Nelson A. Miles and 3,300 soldiers moved into Puerto Rico against minor resistance on July 25th and took the land. On the day after, the Spanish government sued him for peace. Negotiations went on for two weeks about this untill an armstice was signed on August 12th. This was less that four months after the Spanish-American war began. The United States was annexed from Puerto Rico and an island in the Marianas. The United States stell occupies the city, bay, and harbor of Manila. Their where 274,000 American soldiers serving in the Spanish-American was. Their was 5,462 casualties but only 379 from battle. The total men wounded was 1,704."
"In the afermath of the war teh United States is annexed from the former Spanish-ruled colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippenes and Guam. President McKinley adn the pro-imperialist Americans liked the idea of the United States playing the part of an imperial power with foriegn colonies, while most of the American population did not."