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Types of Spine Curvature Disorders

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CATHERINE CASTILLO

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Types of Spine Curvature Disorders

Types of Spine Curvature Disorders
by Catherine Castillo

Types of Spine Curvature Disorders
The spine, or backbone, is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked (along with discs) one on top of another. A healthy spine when viewed from the side has gentle curves to it. The curves help the spine absorb stress from body movement and gravity. When viewed from the back, the spine should run straight down the middle of the back. When abnormalities of the spine occur, the natural curvatures of the spine are misaligned or exaggerated in certain areas, as occurs with lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis.
Lordosis
Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back.
Conditions can cause lordosis:
Achondroplasia.
Spondylolisthesis.
Osteoporosis
Kyphosis.
Discitis.
Benign (harmless) juvenile lordosis
Kyphosis
Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature).
Following conditions can cause kyphosis:
congenital kyphosis
postural kyphosis
Scheuermann's disease
Arthritis
Osteoporosis
Spina bifida
Spine infections
Spine tumors
Scoliosis
A person with scoliosis has a sideways curve to their spine. The curve is often S-shaped or C-shaped.
Doctors do not know what causes the most common type of scoliosis seen in adolescents. However, doctors do know that scoliosis tends to run in families. A disease, injury, infection, or birth defect also may be to blame.
Conclusion
Your doctor can diagnose a spine curvature disorder by taking a medical and family history, examining the curve of your spine during a physical examination, and using imaging tests, like X-rays, to look more closely at the spine. X-rays can show if there are any abnormalities to the bones of the spine and can also measure how much curve is present. If you or a loved one's back appears to have an abnormal curve to it, beyond just poor posture, see your doctor so that you can be evaluated and treated.
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