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Definitions of Transportation
Transportation is everything involved in moving either the person or goods from the origin to the destination.
Historical Development of Transportation in the Philippines
Water - first form of transportation
Tagalog (from the original Taga-ilog) - named after the Filipino Malays who lived and traveled on and along the streams and creeks
Eventually, the Filipinos had to learn to travel on land.
water buffalo or carabao and mechanical contraptions – transportation on land
TRANSPORTATION RELATED LAWS AND ORDINANCES
RA 10586 (ANTI-DRUNK AND DRUGGED DRIVING ACT OF 2013)
- an act penalizing persons driving under the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs, ad similar substances,
RA 8730 (SEAT BELTS USE ACT OF 1999)
- an act requiring the mandatory compliance by motorists and public vehicles to use seat belt devices, and requiring vehicle manufacturers to install seat belt devices in all their manufactured vehicles
RA 8749 (PHILIPPINE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1999)
- an act providing for a comprehensive air pollution control policy
RA 4136 (LAND TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC CODE)
- an act to compile the laws relative to land transportation and traffic rules, to create a land transportation commission
TRANSPORTATION RELATED AGENCIES
Civil Engineering Involvement in Transportation
Transportation engineering is more commonly used or refer to a subspecialty of civil engineering , which includes both physical civil engineering and systems engineering .
Historically, the primary involvement of civil engineers in transportation has been in the provision of physical facilities and the devising of operating strategies for them.
Most civil engineering activity related to the provision of physical facilities is what might be called physical civil engineering;
On the other hand, most civil engineering activity related to planning and operation of the transportation system, is what might be called systems engineering.
• Horse-drawn carromatas - new means of transportation
• The government gave attention to road building and internal improvement
• ‘Compania de los Tranvias de Filipinas’ - granted two concessions for 60 years, the first in 1881 and the second in 1884.
• The first was to construct its lines within the limits of the city, while the second extended its activities up to the populous town of Malabon in Bulacan
• improvement & construction of roads was made
• Horse-drawn vehicles (calesa and carretelas) - means of transportation in the majority of the provincial towns
• Manila Railroad and Light Company (obtained in 1902) - a franchise to construct, operate, maintain and supply electric current and transportation for Manila and suburbs.
• 1912 - Registration of motorized vehicles
• 947 automobiles, 450 motorcycles, and 180 trucks
• 1927 - The bus started as a supplementary service to the MERALCO tramcars and the Manila Railroad.
POST WAR PERIOD UP TO PRESENT
• evolution of the jeepneys.
• This vehicle has gone through a lot of improvement. The post-war army-type jeep has been completely ‘Filipinized’ and is one popular mode of transportation these days.
• in December 1984 - Light Rail Transit (15km line) was partially opened commercially
• May 1985 - Light Rail Transit (15km line) finally put into operation
RA 7924 – MMDA LAW
-An act creating the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, defining its powers and functions
-an act banning the registration and operation of vehicles with right-hand steering wheel in any private or public street
-An act to reorganize the civil aeronautics board and the civil aeronautics administration, to provide for the regulation of civil aeronautics in the Philippines
an act creating the civil aviation authority of the Philippines
- An act to promote the development of philippines overseas shipping
Presidential Decree No. 474
-provides the reorganization of maritime functions in the philippines, creating the maritime industry authority
Presidential Decree No. 761
-allowing the registration of vessels the ownership of which is vested in corporations or associations.
Executive Order No. 202
-creates the land transportation franchising and regulatory board
Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)
responsible for the maintenance and expansion of viable, efficient, and dependable transportation and communications systems as effective instruments for national recovery and economic progress.
Land Transportation Office (LTO)
agency responsible for optimizing the land transportation service and facilities and to effectively implement the various transportation laws, rules and regulations.
Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB)
agency responsible for promulgating, administering, enforcing, and monitoring compliance of policies, laws, and regulations of public land transportation services.
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
agency that performs planning, monitoring and coordinative functions, and in the process exercise regulatory and supervisory authority over the delivery of metro-wide services within Metro Manila without diminution of the autonomy of the local government units concerning purely local matters.
Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA)
- an agency responsible for integrating the development, promotion and regulation of the maritime industry in the Philippines.
Philippine Ports Authority (PPA)
It is responsible for financing, management and operations of public ports throughout the Philippines.
Civil Aviation Authority (CAAP)
formerly Air Transportation Office, is an agency responsible for implementing policies on civil aviation to assure safe, economic and efficient air travel.
Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA)
agency responsible for the management of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA).
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RAILWAYS (PNR)
a state-owned railway company in the Philippines, operating a single line of track on Luzon. As of 2010, it operates one commuter rail service in Metro Manila and a second in the Bicol Region. PNR restored its intercity service to the Bicol region in 2011.
Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA)
public transport operator that is in charge of operating and maintaining the Manila Light Rail Transit System responsible for monitoring the progress of construction of all LRTA lines
Metro Rail Transit Corporation
a private consortium responsible for the maintenance of the Manila Metro Rail Transit System. It is also the original contractor for the MRT project
Civil Aeronautics Board(CAB)
a government agency tasked to regulate, promote and develop the economic aspect of air transportation in the Philippines and to ensure that existing CAB policies are adapted to the present and future air commerce of the Philippines.
Office for Transportation Security (OTS)
the single authority responsible for the security of the transportation systems of the Philippines, including but not limited to: Civil Aviation, Sea Transport and Maritime Infrastructure, Land Transportation, Rail System and Infrastructure.
Toll Regulatory Board
government agency that regulates all toll roads in the Philippines.
a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places, which has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by some conveyance, including a horse, cart, or motor vehicle.
-a generic term given to roadways that are used to connect important cities, and usually have 4 lanes to provide for high speed traffic.
usually a divided highway for high-speed traffic with some sort of access control (limited cross streets and driveways and/or onramps, offramps and interchanges).
a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
-provides low speed and relatively low accessibility, but extremely high capacity.
any navigable body of water.Waterways can include rivers, lakes, seas, oceans, and canals.
- a boat or ship (a merchant vessel) used to carry (or ferry) primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
Ports and Harbors
A harbor is a body of water where ships, boats, and barges can seek shelter from stormy weather, or else are stored for future use
A port is a facility for loading and unloading vessels; ports are usually located in harbors.
a location where aircraft take off and land
and consist of at least one surface such as a runway for a plane to take off and land, a helipad, or water for takeoffs and landings, and often includes buildings such as control towers, hangars and terminal buildings.
a system that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
-highly specialized freight transportation system
the roadways or tracks connecting two or more points. Pipes, beltways, sea-lanes, and airways can also be considered as links
the means of moving people and goods from one node to another along a link. Motorcars, buses, ships, airplanes, belts, and cables are examples
the nodes where travel and shipment begins or ends. Parking garages, off-street parking lots, loading docks, bus stops, airports, and bus terminals are examples
MANAGEMENT AND LABOR
the people, who construct, operate, manage, and maintain the links, vehicles, and terminals
Motives for transportation systems:
political , or economic bases
Public policy places a number of constraints on the transportation system, which may be seen in some cases as diminishing its economic efficiency. The most obvious of these are constraints related to environmental concerns, in the broad sense of anything that impacts the “human environment”.
WHAT IS TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING?
Transportation engineering is the application of the principles of engineering, planning, analysis, and design to the disciplines comprising transportation: its vehicles, its physical infrastructure, safety in travel, environmental impacts, and energy usage.
It involves “hard” physical sciences and “soft” sciences.
-for transportation of freight within industrial complexes
Manufacturers and Suppliers of transportation equipment
Research and teaching with universities and research institutes
Why work related on transportation?
Interact with the public and other professions
Contribute to the needs of society
Contribute to the protection and enhancement of the environment
Be involved in the application of advanced technology
Own a business or work in management
of the Philippines
•The reassembled US army jeeps began to take a new form.
•named ‘jeepney’ – from the words ‘jeep’ and ‘jitney’
•Jeepneys flaunt carnival colors, the brighter the color the better
•‘Oriental baroque’ - describes the color combinations and decorations of jeepneys in the Philippines.
The Tricycle (three-wheel vehicle)
•motorcycle with an attached sidecar.
•origin is unknown
•become the major mode of transport in many provincial towns.
•found in many secondary roads, providing door to door service to passengers
•provides a convenient means of transport from the main highway to tributaries such as barangay roads leading even to prominent subdivisions.
•a pedal-driven contraption,
•descendant of the tricycle
•1990 - Pedicabs operating along highways and major thoroughfares within Manila were banned because of its relatively light body; the major consideration should be the safety of passengers.
•the pedicab drivers do not observe traffic rules.
•Advantages of pedicab:
noise and pollution-free
they can easily provide employment because they are low cost
cheap to run since no fuel is needed
Non - Motorized Transportation
•horse-powered cart - relegated to side streets and to the more seedy parts of town where it does not pose a traffic hazard.
•Manila’s calesas – found in Chinatown, in the marketplaces and in the poorer districts.
Non - Motorized Transportation
•Mode of transport run by muscle power
•use the railroad tracks by PNR and run a lot more frequent than the PNR commuter trains
•composed of a lightweight wooden frame, bamboo body, and ball-bearing wheels.
•can carry eight passengers.
•Along single track sections, the vehicle can be easily lifted to avoid collision with another trolley or with the gigantic PNR trains.
Non - Motorized Transportation