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Aortic Calcification and Superior-Mesenteric-Artery Stenosis

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Genesis Defás

on 4 January 2017

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Transcript of Aortic Calcification and Superior-Mesenteric-Artery Stenosis

Aortic calcification
Definition: it refers to calcium deposition in the aorta, it can be anywhere its entire course, even in the aortic valve and some branches, in most cases causes stenosis, usually it affects older people and people with a tendency to store calcium or kidney failure
Calcification in abdominal aorta
Aortic Calcification and Superior Mesenteric Artery Stenosis
Aortic Calcification and Superior-Mesenteric-Artery Stenosis
Applications in medicine
This pathology helps a lot to research new treatments and surgical procedures.
Studies have suggested a potential benefit from early treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-II receptor blockers, and particularly with statins. Observational studies on risk factors for the Calcified aortic valve disease, and randomized clinical trials on primary and secondary prevention in subjects with high risk for the disease, would be necessary to improve the clinical management of CAVD.
Génesis Defás Zambrano
Medical student
4th cycle
fb: Génesis Defás Zambrano
e-mail: genesisdefasz@hotmail.com
Superior mesenteric artery stenosis
A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, reducing the space of lumen, in this case in SMA that supplies the intestine from the lower part of the duodenum through two-thirds of the transverse colon, as well as the pancreas
Ileus
Ileus is the medical term for this lack of movement in the intestines that leads to a buildup or blockage of food material. An ileus can lead to an intestinal obstruction. This means no food material, gas, or liquids can get through. It can be caused by SMAS
Pros and Cons
Issue Applied in Ecuador
Conclusions
Aortic calcification and SMA stenosis due the calcium deposit in arteries is not a common disease in young people, also once diagnosed it has to be treated as soon as posible.
It is dangerous because the calcium plaque is constantly growing and anytime the blood vessel, in this case the aorta is going to be completely occluded. Which isn't a good diagnosis, that is the reason why we should prevent this type of disease, in patients having a tendency to form calcium deposits, we should decrease daily calcium intake, and in the case of kidney failure, to have the right hemodialysis treatment to prevent large amounts of calcium to accumulate in the blood that will cause the aforementioned
There is a special interest in this topic around the world, and Ecuador isn't the exception, because is not a common pathology among our population, but there was some cases here that required interventions from physicians from other countries, and some ecuadorian physicians are researching these pathologies.
Pros:
The results of aortic valve replacement are often excellent

Cons:
This may result in more severe heart problems such as:
Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter
Blood clots to the brain (stroke), intestines, kidneys, or other areas
Fainting spells (syncope)
Heart failure
High blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary hypertension)
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