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Innovations of Science and Technology throughout the 20th Century
Transcript of Innovations of Science and Technology throughout the 20th Century
Advancements Robertson Screw In 1908 the Robertson Screw is invented by Peter L. Robertson Railway Car Brake 1913, the Railway Car Brake is invented by George B. Dorey Electronics Science Electron Microscope The Microscope was invented by Eli Franklin Burton, James Hillier, Albert Prebus and Cecil Hall. All invented the Microscope in 1937 Advancements Anti-Gravity Suit The Anti-Gravity suit was invented to help protect pilots that flew planes/jets in high altitudes Invented in 1941 Invented by Wilbur Rounding Franks Music Patented in 1928 Electric Organ Patented by Morse Robb From Belleville, Ontario Late 40's 50's Garbage Bag Garbage made out of polyethylene The Garbage Bag was invented by Harry Wasylyk Invented in 1950 Sports Goalie Mask The Goalie Mask was invented in 1960 Invented by Jaques Plante Paint Roller Norman Breakey invented the Paint Roller in 1940 Norman Breakey from Toronto Other Zipper Gideon Sundback a Swedish-Canadian patented the zipper in 1925 Widespread Invention used all around the world Medical Closed Chest Surgery In 1999 a Doctor named Dr. Douglas Boyd did the first heart surgery where the heart was still beating, the surgery was robot assisted. The Surgery, limited patient recovery time because of the Doctor not having to cut open the patients chest Computer Software Java With the help of other computer engineers, James Gosling invented Java in 1994 James is from Calgary, Alberta Java is a programming language, which has been used in many websites by web developers Now used and adopted by IBM, Macromedia and Microsoft Curved Hockey Stick The Curved Hockey Stick was invented by two hockey players; Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita Invented in 1963 Created when the two players wanted to create harder shots, so they bent the bottom of their hockey sticks When Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita bent the bottoms of their hockey sticks in order to create the Curved Hockey Stick they were playing for the Chicago Blackhawks Food/Agriculture Canola Oil In 1970 a group of scientists from the Nation Research Council in Saskatoon made Canola Oil Now 1 of the 3 largest edible oil sources Production of Canola adds approximately $3 billion to the Canadian Economy Environmentally Friendly Blue Box The Blue Box program started in 1981, and began in Kitchener, Ontario This started a chain of community recycling programs and now used nation wide Instant Replay 1955- CBC television replays the Hockey Night in Canada Instant Replays or Reruns are now used worldwide on almost all TV stations Canada Arm The Canada Arm was launched into space on November 13th 1981 Known as 'one of the most significant advances in space engineering' The Canada Arm had the ability to send an object in space flying away in the opposite direction away from the arm. Even with the littlest contact the Canada Arm can send an object in space away. The Canada Arm has still not malfunctioned Technology Film Colourization Film Colourization is the process in which black and white photos are able to be restored and coloured Film Colourization was invented in 1983 by Brian Hunt and Wilson Merkle Film Colourization is still today available by the Canadian company Colorization Inc. Quartz Clock The quartz clock was invented in 1927 Invented by Warren Marrison Warren Marrison worked for Bell Laboratories when he invented the clock The Quartz clocked is named after the quartz crystal moving inside of the electrical circuit inside of the clock Today Quartz also has wristwatches After WW2 Electric Wheelchair After World War Two the Electric Wheelchair was invented The inventor George J. Klein invented the Electric Wheelchair to help the war veterans who had wartime injuries Electric Wheelchairs today are used worldwide BlackBerry Blackberry is a small smart phone that organizes your life The Blackberry was invented in 1999 by Mike Lazaridis who worked for RIM (Research In Motion) Today, Blackberries are still used and are one of the biggest smartphone company today Pablum Invented in 1930 Pablum is a cereal type paste used for infants, in 1930 a group of doctors from the Toronto Hospital for Sick Children invented pablum and used it on the skull while they probed the brain then proceeded to ask the patients how they felt. This procedure helped the doctors to find the part of the brain that causes violent seizures for these patients. Peter L. Robertson worked as a salesman for a Philadelphia company, that is where we came up with the idea for the Robertson screw Propaganda The use of advertising to enlist in the war became popular when Canada joined the war. War time propaganda became very popular in the form of posters. Propaganda is a type of advertisement that has a goal to provoke emotion to the consumer/viewer that provokes the consumer to do what the poster asks for Atomic Bomb Invented by two German refugee scientists who were living in Britain. Their names were Otto Frisch and Rudolph Peierls. The Two Scientists designed a blue print for the bomb in 1940 Italian, Enrico Fermi living in America invented an apparatus in which made the atomic bomb have chain reactions, so as both Americans and British entered the second world War the Americans joined the British in making the Atomic Bomb. The atomic bomb works by releasing energy which is caused by a chain reaction which more and more atoms split Radio Industry American
Audiences Connecting Rural Communities Enhanced Communication Commercial Radio Advertising Public Service Announcements News Weather Sports Entertainment CBC (1936) Networks Border Towns Affiliate Stations Cultural Domination Automobile Safety
Environmental Impact Consumerism consumerism: shopping as a personal identity In the 1920's the average income was $12.50 to $40 a week. This was the first time there was 'disposable income' meaning that there was money left over to 'dispose' Sports NHL started in 1917 in Montreal , it first started with 4 teams, one of them was Boston. Convenience Telephone Motorized Movie Cameras in 1912 Motorized Movie Cameras were invented The motorized camera ran on its own as opposed to the old crank cameras Invented - 1912 Still today, Canada Dry is a very popular drink by many countries Helicopter The first helicopter that was piloted, invented by Paul Cornu Invented -1907 Revolutionary in the beginning of the flight industry Military Tanks First tank is patented by E.L De La Mole in 1912 De La Mole was an Australian inventor De La Mole sent his plans of the tank to the British to be manufactured Major Ernest Swinton and William Tritton designed and then built the first tank prototype (Tank Mark 1) Before De La Mole both Britain and France were building tanks Morgan Gas Mask in 1914 Garret A. Morgan invents the Morgan gas mask Garrett Morgan was an African-American inventor from Cleveland , Ohio Morgan also invented a traffic signal and a 'hair straightening preparation' July 25th 1916 Morgan makes national news when he rescues 32 men trapped in an explosion underground. Garrett Morgan rescues these men using his newly invented gas masks No regulatory bodies yet Headlights, clutches, brakes and tires often failed Internal combustion not steam or electric No Catalytic Converter Gasoline Plastics Pollution Advancement Connection By 1920-1929 now 3/4 families had one Overcomes country's vast distances Long distance calls Party Lines Linked customers to the same phone line Airplane Advancement Jolly Jumper Travel before is mainly done by automobile railway and ship one scheduled air-passenger service in Canada until 1927 April 1st, 1939 TCA's first passenger flight went from Vancouver to Montreal This cost $130.90 so therefore making only the rich and well-off afford this This trip on a train would on average take 3 days and 4 nights The airplane trip took 15 hours with several stops Olympics In 1928 the Olympics in Amsterdam, Netherlands were held. Canada won 4 golds. 4 silvers and 7 bronzes 4 of these 15 metals were won by women The Jolly Jumper is a baby product in which a baby is put into a seat like object which is attached to two stretchy cables, the baby is free to jump and is entertained. The Jolly Jumper was invented in 1910 Invented by Susan Olivia Poole Commercial Jetliner First Commercial Jetliner to fly in North America The Jet was designed by James Floyd Floyd designed the jet in 1949 The Jetliner was called the Avro Jetliner The Avro Jetliner had its first test flight on August 10, 1949 Snowmobile In 1958 Joseph Armand- Bombardier invented the snowmobile CPR mannequin The Jolly Jumper was produced for retail market in 1948 Automatic Postal Sorter Electronics IMAX movies Invented in 1968 Co-invented by Roman Kroiter, Robert Kerr and Grahame Ferguson Today the IMAX movie system is in a widespread of places throughout Canada. Selected theaters and museums have IMAX theaters throughout Canada and America Invented in 1989 Invented by Dianne Croteau and Richard Croteau Mannequin they released was called Actar 911 Actar 911 has a balloon for that was able to inflate and deflate. It also has a head and naked torso After the invention of the Paint Roller many improved Norman's designed and ripped off his idea Technology Walkie-Talkie Invented in 1938 The Atomic Bomb was revolutionary and led to the production of bigger and more powerful bombs Team of designers that invented and worked on the walkie-talkie one of them most known for creating the walkie-talkie is Alfred Gross who was a radio engineer Used a lot in WW2 Television Camera Chlorine Gas Used in the battle of Ypres A very deadly gas The Germany army first used chlorine gas against the French victims felt a burning in their chests and throats, the gas an hour later led the victims to a slow death destroying their respiratory organs. Over time the Allied Forces developed gas mask which were made of pads which were soaked in urine, which prevented them from getting poisoned small bolt-action rifle British used the Lee Enfield mainly could be accurately aimed at up to 600 m away Flame Throwers Britain also used flame-throwers at one point but also saw no use to them Barbed wire patented in 1865 by Lucien Smith made for keeping cattle used for defense in the first war good because it was difficult to cut/go through Yellow and Green colour Smelt like a mixture of pineapple and pepper Lee Enfield Made in Canada from 1903-1916 problems with the Ross rifle- replaced by the Lee Enfield Frequently jammed with Mud from the trenches jammed and misfired often came into the war in 1907 could kill someone 1,400m away Ross Rifle very ineffective only had a range of 25m, hard to use anywhere 1900- Germany experiences with flame throwers Flame Throwers involved using pressurized air, nitrogen and/or carbon dioxide and pushed oil through it. This became a 'jet of flame' Barbed Wire Artillery Radar Radar stands for RAdio Detection And Ranging this acronym named by the US Nazi's used RADAR to navigate and land bombers in the night Radar used when the Germans and Brits were fighting the Battle of the Beams Americans had the ENIAC computer designed to calculate the artillery firing tables the ENIAC works 1000x faster than any other existing machines at the time Today, ENIAC is still the biggest speed increase ever in computer technology Computers Other Advances Safety Paint Invented in 1974 Invented by Neil Harpham Safety Paint is a highly reflective paint Considered Father snowmobile by many Snowmobile The Snowmobile is patented in 1960 Invented on December 15th 1979 Trivial Pursuit Invented by Chris Abbott and Chris Haney Called by Time Magazine "The biggest phenomenon in game history" Today there are many different versions of Trivia Pursuit Trivial Pursuit is trademark registered in 1980 Invented in 1934 Invented by Francois Henroteau Television Cameras are obviously a revolutionary invention considering most television shows are filmed with them Rocket-Propelled Glider February 22 1932 the first rocket-propelled glider is tested The lest is lead by Sergei Korolov Space Technology Apollo Mission 1 January 27, 1967 was the first test mission of the Apollo/Saturn space vehicle. During a pad test Apollo 1 got caught in flame. Apollo 1 was going to be the first piloted flight or known as the AS-204 mission. Apollo 11 On July 20 1969 Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin went on Apollo 11- the mission to the moon After the tragedy of the 1st Apollo it was truly amazing that this mission to the moon was accomplished, and man walked on the moon Invented in 1957 Invented by Maurice Levy This postal sorter could handle 200,000 letters an hour Synthetic Rubber Allies used rubber for Tires, boots almost everything that soldiers had to do involved rubber. Without it the only type of conflict that soldiers could do is basically hand-to-hand. United States found ways to produce synthetic rubber thus creating the GRS (Government Rubber Styrene). It is said that at the end of the war there were over 50 GSR factories in the US. Jet Engines Working Jet is available in England before the war but British do not buy into the new technology. But, the Germans build the revolutionary Messerschmitt Me 26. This airplane becomes the first jet-power fighter aircraft. The Me 26 was a very advanced type of technology for time. The Messerschmitt Me 62 did have some down falls, the Germans were unable to attack with the Me 62 due to shortages. At the end of the war the British end up getting the jet Gloster Meteor to defend themselves. [1900-1913] [1914-1918] [1919-1929] [1929-1939] [1939-1945] [1945-1959] [1960-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1999] Rather than going on a scheduled train with only certain stops of the day and on a specific route that never changes. The automobile gave the convenience to travel wherever whenever you wanted to.