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Gráinne Murphy

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Monaco


Location on the map
Monaco is located in Eastern Europe. It is a neighboring country of France, and is situated on the French Riviera and borders the Mediterranean Sea.
Country Flag
The Monaco flag is very simple, consisting of two solid colours; red and white. The flag was founded by Charles III and it resembles the coat of arms.

1863. The Seabath Company is founded, which establishes a casino and several hotels in the quarter of the Spelugues, known as Monte-Carlo since 1866. Economic development is boosted in the late 19th century with a railroad link to France.

1911. Absolute monarchy gives way to the first constitution.

1918. A new treaty with France provides for limited French protection over Monaco. New agreements with France are signed in 1945, 1951, and 1963.

1962. Adoption of the current, more liberal constitution.

1993. Monaco joins the United Nations.

1999. Monaco and France both join the Euro Monetary Zone (EMZ).
1215. Monaco is founded as a colony of the Italian trade and seafaring city, Genoa.

1297. The Grimmaldi family of Genoa and their supporters establish their rule over Monaco. A thriving economy based on trade develops.

1489. King Charles VIII of France recognizes the independence of Monaco.

1789-1814. During the French Revolution, Monaco is attached to the territory of the French Republic under the name of Fort Hercules. It becomes the chief town of the canton of Alpes-Maritimes.

1815. Monaco is made a protectorate of the Italian Kingdom of Sardinia.

1861. Monaco's sovereignty is recognized by a Franco-Monegasque Treaty.


Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state.
A constitutional monarchy is form of government whereby there is a king/queen in charge however he/she must share power with a parliament
Monaco has an area of 2.02 km2. It is the second smallest country in the world, The Vatican City is the smallest. Monaco has a land border of only 4.4 km, a coastline of 4.1 km, and a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m. Monaco is known for its land reclamation, which has increased its size by an estimated 20%
Monaco is the most densely populated country in the world. It has a total population of just 36,371 people.
The capital of The Principality Monaco is Monaco Ville, which is the small district on top of the Rocher (or Rock). This is where the government buildings, parliament and town hall are located.
Cities of interest in Monaco include:
: an old town full of historic sites and buildings
: the casino
Fontvieille, Monaco
: the high tech district
From Condamine to Moneghetti
: the heart of Monaco, where you can experience the traditional Monaco and visit the local markets
Cities of Interest
The official language of Monaco is French, but there are several languages spoken, including Monégasque, the national language of the Monegasque people, Other common spoken languages include Italian, Occitan or other (Belgian, Swiss, and German)
Ethnic groups in Monaco include
French-47% of the population
Monegasque (a native of Monaco)-16% of the population
Italian-16% and
other 21%
The official religion in Monaco is Roman Catholicism, with freedom of other religions guaranteed by the constitution. Christians comprise a total of 83.2% of Monaco's population. 12.9% of Monaco's population have no religion, 2.9% are Jewish, 0.8% are Muslim and 0.5% of the population are described as other/not specified
Despite not being part of the EU the currency used in Monaco is the euro
Things to do
Interesting Facts
Monaco is not large enough to have an airport
Monaco has more policemen per person than any other country in the world. Crime is not a problem.
Lord Hercules I of Monaco, a noted ladies’ man, was supposedly murdered by a gang of irate husbands and fathers.
Monaco is roughly the same size as New York’s Central Park
Monaco is an extremely wealthy nation and has the third most expensive real estate in the world
An average person can walk across the width of the county in ~56 min.
No income tax
Monaco has the lowest unemployment rate in the world at 0%. It also has the lowest poverty rate in the world and has the world's highest number of millionaires and billionaires per capita.
Monaco has the most expensive real estate market on earth, with one square metre going for almost $66,000
Whilst in Monaco there are numerous things to do, for example;
Visit Monaco harbour, home to up to 700 vessels, one could enjoy beautiful scenery and walks at Monaco harbour.
Visit Monte Carlo, this town is largely associated with casinos, and would be of interest to those who often gamble.
Discover the historic features of Monaco Ville through the narrow alleyways from the middle ages which lead to the picturesque Place Saint Nicolas and other interesting buildings from the past.
Explore the traditional Monaco in towns like la Condamine where you can visit traditional markets
Go to the grand prix (a formula 1 car race) held in circuit de Mnacoevery year this is a spectacular sports event to witness
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