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Temperate Deciduous Forests

Environmental B Project
by

Riley Sarah

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forests

By Riley, Sarah, and Anna Temperate Deciduous Forests Plant Species Beech Tree Animal Species Bald Eagle Trees Carpet Moss White Birch Duckbill Platypus White-tailed Deer Organism Adaptation - Trees lose their leaves and change colors
- They have spring, summer, fall, and winter season cycles Animals - Animals also have season cycles, they must be able to live in the conditions that the weather presents to them
- They learn to survive in their habitat, learning how to make homes out of what they
can find Climate - Latitude range is anywhere from 23 degrees north to 38 degrees south

- One interesting thing about this biome is that it has four distinct seasons: summer, spring, winter, and autumn. The summers temperature ranges from 75 to 86 degrees

-Almost all the world's deciduous forests are by the ocean

_The temperate deciduous forest gets the second most amount of rainfall per year, with an average of 30-60 inches a year and an average temperature of 50 degrees Geography - Most locations are forests, with many species of trees that are specific to the area
- Temperate deciduous forests have four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall
- It also has five layers: Tree stratum, the tallest layer, 60 -100 feet high, with large oak, maple, beech, chestnut, hickory, elm, basswood, linden, walnut, or sweet gum trees/Small tree or sapling layer - short tree species and young trees/Shrub layer - shrubs like rhododendrons, azaleas, mountain laurels, and huckleberries/Herb layer - short plants/Ground layer - lichens, clubmosses, and true mosses. European Red Squirrel Eastern Chipmunk American Black Bear Pecan Tree Northern Arrowwood Lady Fern Common Lime Guelder Rose Websites http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/tempded.htm http://www.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/tempdecid/tempdecid.shtml http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/biotemperate.php Averages of precipitation and temperatures in the Temperate Deciduous Forrest http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/nwep8c.htm Areas of Temperate Deciduous Forest The End To help you visualize the forests.... BBC Planet Earth Seasonal Forests spring.flv
insert video here Fun Facts - In North America, you can expect to find deciduous forest from Minnesota to Maine and from Florida to east of Texas. In Europe, you can find them from Ireland to south of Norway and Sweden to Kazan in Russia to Austria and west of France. In Asia, you can spot them from east of China to North Korea and Japan. You also can find them located on the eastern side of Australia as well as the southern tip of South America (Chile and Argentina).
- Sad but true, due to farming and hostile take over of the land of which these forests once lived, much of what once lived in some of these habitats have died off or at least been driven out of the forest to another location.
- Most plants get to grow based on the richness of the soil around them, which have an assortment of good nutrients to help in the growth process.

Endangered Species - The blue-spotted salamander is found in the maple and birch forests throughout the Northeast United States. These type of salamanders are often found in rotting wood. Blue-spotted salamanders received their endangered status from the loss of habitat and degradation of water supply. This salamander's appearance consists of black skin with blue spots all over its body.
- According to the U.S. Forest Service, the Puerto Rican sharp-shinned hawk's habitat is deciduous forests with trees that include elm, ash, birch and maple. This hawk is endangered in Missouri and Illinois and threatened in Tennessee. Puerto Rican sharp-shinned hawks spend their summers in the western states and migrate to the southeast United States during the winter.
- Found primarily in the northeast United States, long-eared owls, are found in thick deciduous and coniferous forests. These owls are endangered in several New England states, including Connecticut, due to rapid deforestation for farm land. During the winter, long-eared owls will migrate to southern states, including Texas and Florida. As of February 2011, these owls are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.



Photo's of our Endangered Species Long-eared Owl Puerto Rican Sharp-Shinned Hawk Blue Spotted Salamander Specific Animal/Plant Adaptations - The plants of a temperate deciduous forest adapt to the biome in a variety of ways, depending on the type of plant. The trees grow large leaves to absorb the most possible light during the growing season. The bark of deciduous trees is thicker and heartier than tropical trees to protect the inner core during long, hard winters. Smaller plants, such as flowers and ferns, grow early in the spring with long, quick-growing leaves. This allows the plant to absorb as much sunlight as possible before the forest trees leaf and block the full strength of the sun.
- Because the temperate biome has four distinct seasons, animals spend much of the growing season preparing for winter. Small animals, such as squirrels and chipmunks, gather nuts and seeds, storing them in hollow logs or holes in the ground. Larger mammals, such bears, woodchucks and raccoons, spend the summer eating as much as possible. The weight they gain during the summer and fall allow these animals to hibernate during the winter when the weather is cold and food is scarce. Many birds migrate away from the temperate biome to warmer climates.



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