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Malay Sabbaticals

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YiYun Toh

on 25 May 2013

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Transcript of Malay Sabbaticals

Greetings 1. Selamat datang (Welcome )
2. Terima kasih (Thank you)
3. Sama sama (You are welcome)
4. Apa khabar? (How are you?)
5. Khabar baik (I’m fine--- A reply to 'Apa khabar")
6.Hai (Hi)
7.Selamat tinggal (Goodbye-->when you are leaving)
8.Selamat jalan (Goodbye-->when someone else is leaving)
9. Selamat berkenalan (Nice to meet you) Greeting : The "salam" ETIQUETTE
Malay women may not shake hands with men and vice versa.

Never touch anyone on the top of the head as it is believed that the head is the ‘home of the soul’ and therefore an important body part, especially that of a child’s.

Do not gesture or point at anything with your feet or with single fingers as it is offensive to do so.

Do not beckon adults if you are a child. Introdction to... The Malay culture! Greetings and Etiquette 1. Selamat pagi (Good morning)---1a.m. to 11.59a.m.
2. Selamat tengahari (Good afternoon)---12p.m. to 1.59p.m.
3. Selamat petang (Good evening)---2p.m. to 6.59p.m.
4. Selamat malam (Good night)---7p.m. to 12.59a.m. More special greetings would be the four examples below as they are time specific. -an Islamic form of greeting
-translates to "Peace be upon you"
-acknowledges with "Upon you be peace too"
- When the Malays offer the salam, they will touch each other's right hand. The touch is a light clasp not amounting to a handshake. This is immediately followed by the movement of the hand towards the heart to signify the greeting is heartfelt.
-opposite sex of Muslim cannot shake hand with each other.
-A non-Muslim should not greet a Malay this way ETIQUETTE
Malays say prayers before eating so as non-Malays we should also observe a moment of silence along with them and not disrupt them when they are saying their prayers. It signifies disrespect to their religion

Do not wear overly revealing oufits in places where many Malays frequent or when visiting a Malay friend. This is quite rude and inconsiderate to Malays as their religion dictates that they keep their torsos covered, and shirt sleeves should at least come down to their elbows while shorts or skirts must at least reach the knees. ETIQUETTE THE DOS
Malay women can of course shake hands with other women.

Malay men may bow instead while placing their hand on their heart when greeting a Malay woman.

Respecting elders and religious leaders are important in the Malay culture and the younger generation is expected to give way to the higher-ranking people first regardless of whatever kind of social gathering it is.

Bow slightly to indicate “Excuse me”. Each culture has many aspects which make them unique, of which the more important and obvious ones are greetings and etiquette. As we live in a multi-racial and religious society, it is important for us to know other cultures so as to live in harmony with them. Today, we will look into the Malay culture and its unique greetings and etiquette. ETIQUETTE during meal time Many Malays traditionally eat with their hands. Higher status people may also as well, to indicate solidarity. It is customary to follow their lead, using only the right hand to eat. In restaurants however, if one does not wish to eat with bare hands, it is acceptable to ask for spoon and fork instead.

It is considered rude to expose your tooth picking to others. Instead, cover your mouth or go to the bathroom.

Traditionally, children should not eat until the older guests have eaten. ETIQUETTE DURING MEAL TIME
Do not enter a Malay’s home with your shoes on; soles of shoes are considered unclean having been in contact with the dirt on the streets. This is also because Malays mostly pray on the floor thus it is a sign of respect to walk in without your shoes on.

Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter mosques or the prayer halls during praying time

It is considered obscene to hit your fist into a cupped hand.

Drinks and snacks are always served to guests. Never refuse! At the very least, take a nominal sip or one biscuit.

Use the right hand to pass or accept anything. The left is traditionally "dirty" because of its washroom connections. Making sounds while eating is considered impolite. This includes slurping or the sound of cutlery touching the dish.

If there were two guests suddenly reaching out for the same dish, the elder would be given the honor to go first.

If you tasted something and did not like it, do not place it back in the communal dish. Put it aside your own plate.

Bones, shells and inedible residue may be placed on a special platter provided. Failing which, you put on the side of your plate.

Eat or pass food with your right hand only.

Playing with food is considered impolite and childish. The Malay culture is very rich and an important part of the world’s biodiversity, seeing that over 23% of the world population embrace Islam as their religion and that a predominant race in Asia actually consists of Malays. It is also good to learn about others’ cultural practices and way of thinking so as to develop empathy and understanding in today’s diversity-rich society. To end off... ETIQUETTE Refrain from intimate behaviour in public, especially in rural areas and less liberal areas

It is rude to cross your legs when you sit down in front of the host in traditional homes, particularly women

Avoid using your left hand to do movements such as passing items, handshakes, use your right hand instead since the left hand is considered unclean. Visiting and gift-giving etiquette -prepare a gift for the host family

-The host family will gladly accept the gift

-bringing a gift is known as carrying ‘buah tangan’ which means ‘fruit of the hands’ in English. Do not take the last piece of food left on the plate. What you can do, place the second last piece back into the plate and both remaining pieces are taken simultaneously by you and the person before you.
There is a story behind this. It was said that the young lady who took the last piece of food on the plate would never get her match in marriage. Hence, the invention of this rule. However, the real reason is, the young lady should think of others before taking that last piece of food for herself. Give the hostess pastries or good chocolates when invited to their home

Never give alcohol

Do not give toy dogs or toy pigs to children

Do not give anything made of pigskin

If you give food, it must be halal

Offer gifts with the right hand only or both hands if the item is large

Gifts are generally not opened when received. QUIZ TIME! TIME FOR YOU TO SHOW OF YOUR MEMORY SKILLS AND EARN SOME PRIZES! Name 3 examples of items that we should not give. Alcohol
Toy dogs
Toy pigs
Anything made from pig skin QUESTION 1 Give one example of a time specific greeting. QUESTION 2 QUESTION 3 What should you do when you want to point at someone?
show us the action! To point to someone, close the right hand into a fist with the thumb on top and then aim it at the person.
Use a whole hand to indicate a direction, but never to a person. Do not point a finger at anyone.

To point to someone, close the right hand into a fist with the thumb on top and then aim it at the person. What is greeting that signifies "Peace be upon you"? QUESTION 4 Why is the left hand considered unclean? QUESTION 5 Because of its washroom connections Give an example of wrong etiquette during mealtime. QUESTION 6 Making sounds while eating
slurping or the making the sound of cutlery touching the dish.
Placing food back in the communal dish.
Eating or passing food with your left hand
Playing with food
Exposing your tooth picking to others.
Taking the last piece of food left in the plate Malays should refrain from i_______ behaviour in public, especially in r____ and less liberal areas. QUESTION 8 Complete the following sentence: Intimate
Rural We hope you have gained much from our presemtation. Now, let us all embrace the Malay culture together! G
s E
e "Selamat sejahtera" The Salam 1. Selamat pagi (Good morning)---1a.m. to 11.59a.m.
2. Selamat tengahari (Good afternoon)---12p.m. to 1.59p.m.
3. Selamat petang (Good evening)---2p.m. to 6.59p.m.
4. Selamat malam (Good night)---7p.m. to 12.59a.m.
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