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Establishment of the United Nations
By: Natalie Dyer, Laura Deloria, Zachary Stepanovich, Jessica Dippel, Stephanie Workman, Emily Southerton
Causes for Formation
Failure of the League of Nations
World War II
Prevent another world war
History behind the UN
"United Nations" was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of January 1, 1942.
UN preceded by the League of Nations.
50 countries met in San Francisco in 1945 to draw up the UN Charter.
Charter ratified October 24, 1945.
What the UN does
Peace and Security
Players and Actors of the United Nations
The U.N. is composed of four interconnected subsections
military staff committee
Why did the league fail?
a. Lack of respect from other great powers
b. Inability to apply sufficient pressure in cases of aggression
c. The United States did not join the league
Key Events from WWII
a. June 12, 1941 - The Declaration of St. James Palace
b. January, 1 1942 - 26 Countries signed the Declaration of the United Nations
c.World War II made it evident that some form of international organization would be necessary in the prevention of future global conflicts or wars.
Stated Purposes from UN Charter
a. Increase international order
b. Develop friendly relations between states to strengthen international peace
c. International cooperation on key issues including economic, social, cultural and humanitarian.
Timeline of events...
Declaration of St. James's Palace (June 12, 1941)
Atlantic Charter (August 14, 1941)
Declaration by United Nations (January 1, 1942)
Moscow Declaration (October 30, 1943)
Teheran Conference (December 1943)
Dumbarton Oaks (October 7, 1944)
Yalta Conference (February 11, 1945)
San Francisco Conference (1945)
Nations become allies
Plans for WWII victory
Plans for reconstruction
Players and Actors
"The Formation of the United Nations, 1945." Office of the Historian. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013. <http://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/UN>.
"History, UN, United Nations, Charter, Chronology." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/history/charter_history.shtml>.
Jolly, Richard, Louis Emmerij, and Thomas G. Weiss. "A Balance Sheet of the Influence and Impact of UN Ideas." UN Intellectual History Project. UN, Apr. 2009. Web. 18 Sept. 2013.
Sambanis, Nicholas. Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of United Nations Peace Operations. Yale University, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013. <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCONFLICT/Resources/PCP3779Sambanis.pdf>.
"UN, United Nations." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/>.