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The Civil War
Transcript of The Civil War
and Eric Makhatadze
The Battle of Antietam
First Battle of Bull Run
1. The union wanted to end the war quickly. They wanted to do this by capturing richmond and forcing the confederates to surrender.
2. The confederates planned to defend as hard as they could because they figured the war would be an easy win for the Union.
3. This was the first major land battle in the civil war.
The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Gettysburg
The Gettysburg Adress
Sherman's March to the Sea
July 16, 1861- July 21, 1861
"Fort sumter." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html>.
"First Battle of Bull Run." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun
"Antietam." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html
"Essays-R-Us." : Why were casualties so high during the American Civil War?. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://essaysrus.blogspot.com/2008/02/why-were-casualties-so-high-during.html>.
"Sherman's March." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/shermans-march>.
"Fredericksburg." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fredericksburg.html?tab=facts>.
"Gettysburg." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html?tab=facts>.
April 12th-14th, 1861
1. Angered by the movement of the Union Maj. Robert Anderson and his force of 85 soldiers moved from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter and how a foreign force was in its territory, the Confederate General P.G.T. Beauraguard, dispatched troops to Fort Sumter to demand its surrender. Anderson Refused.
2. The next morning, at 4:30 AM, Confederate batteries opened fire on the Fort. This continued for 34 hours. This began the Civil War! :/ Even though the Confederates were firing at them, Maj. Anderson did not return fire in the first 2 hours.
3.On April 13th, Maj. Anderson surrendered the fort. Luckily, no one was killed. But, the next day, The soldiers were performing a 100-gun salute. Sadly, it was cut short due to an accidental explosion that killed a gunner and mortally wounded another. :(
September 16th-18th, 1862
Why were the casualties for the Civil War extremely high?
This battle was significant because the first shots of the Civil War. This would later lead to troops to be sent against the Confederates. Thus began the Civil War.
The reasons that the civil war casualties were so high was because of the technology they had back then, tactics, and the makeup of the two armies. The technology during the war was not very advanced. There were no bullet proof vests or armored vehicles for their safety. But the rifles that they used were beginning to advance and became extremely powerful and accurate. If they survived the shot they had no way to cure diseases that came from the infected bullet wounds. Also the war tactics that were used were not very advanced. They would run at each other in horizontal lines firing forward as much as they could until they were shot themselves. Finally since both sides were American the deaths were doubled.
The significance of the war was that it was the first major land battle of the war. This acted as a spark to the rest of the war.
Decmber 11th-15th, 1862
July 1st-3rd, 1863
1. The Battle of Antietam began when Maj. General Joseph Hooker's Union corps attacked Robert E. Lee's left flank.
2.There were repeated Union attacks and Confederate counterattacks as casualties kept rising.
3. Despite large casualties, General Lee continued to skirmish with the Union. Meanwhile, the Confederacy were removing their wounded. The Union did not bother to pursue them. In a military point of view, this is seen as a draw but in the Union and Abraham Lincoln's view, it is seen as a victory.
This battle was significant because it was one of the bloodiest battles in American military history. While from a military point of view it was a draw, in Abraham Lincoln and the Union's, it was a so-called "victory". This fueled Abraham Lincoln to give the Emancipation Proclamation which would change the course of the Civil War and gave the Union something to fight for.
This battle was significant because it was one of the deadliest and largest battles in the Civil War. With nearly 200,000 soldiers fighting, no other battle had more. This battle was also the first to have urban combat and major opposed river crossing.
1. This battle began when the Union used nearly 60,000 men to crush General Lee's southern flank.
2.The Union made a strong main attack against Stonewall Jackson's men but then the Confederates made a powerful counterattack. This caused a very large number of casualties.
3.After the smoke had risen, it was clear to see that the Confederates had won.
This battle is significant because it is thought as a major turning point in the war. It ws a major victory for the Union and later in the Gettysburg Address, the purpose of the war was redefined.
1. The Confederate army was in high spirits and they wanted to move the fighting away from Virginia, so they went to Pennsylvania. General Lee concentrated his troops around Gettysburg. Eventually, the Confederates and the Union collided and fought.
2. They fought for 2 more days and on the 3rd day, they met on Culp's Hill. There was a main assault of 12,000 men by the Confederates against the center of the Union line (Pickett's Charge). The Confederacy was unsuccessful.
3. The Confederacy retreated back to Virginia. Later on, President Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address to honor the fallen.
November 15th-December 21st, 1864
This was significant because this basically killed off the Confederate spirit.The purpose was to frighten Georgia civilians to abandon the Confederate cause.
1. On September 2nd, 1864, General Sherman's troops captured Atlanta. They split into 2 groups; one to go meet the fleeing Confederates in Nashville, Tennessee (who fled after they lost Atlanta) and Sherman's group who went on the offensive approach towards Savannah, Georgia.
2.They went from town to town, stealing livestock and food. They also burned the houses and barns of the people who tried to fight back.
3. They arrived in Savannah which was undefended and captured it. Early in 1865, Sherman and his men left Savannah and pillaged their way through South Carolina to Charleston. Later on, the Confederacy surrendered and the war was over.
1. president Abraham Lincoln wrote the emancipation proclamation in 1863 to declare that all slaves were free.
2. it is believed that Lincoln wrote this as to change the reason on what the union was fighting for.
3. The south did not follow this document because they viewed themselves as a seperate country.
1. On may 18, 1863 Ulysses S. Grant marched his army down to Mississippi and drove off the confederates.
3. He then gained control of the Mississippi river which then divided the south into two and helped the union achieve two of its goals.
2. This was the turning point in the war.
This document was very significant during the war because it completely changed what the union was fighting for. Instead of fighting to keep the country together and preserve the union they are now fighting to end slavery permenently.
May 18 - June 4, 1863
This war was significant because it gave the union full control of the Mississippi river which ran down the middle of the south. This divided the south in half. This was also the turning point in the war.
1. on November 19, 1863 Abraham Lincoln gave a short speech honoring those who had died in the bloody battle of Gettysburg.
2. Edward Everett spoke for two hours before Lincoln yet the presidents speech was much more powerful and began with the famous words, "four score and seven years ago..."
3. Its actual meaning though did not come to be fully acknowledged until past his lifetime. Now it is very famous and most people know about it.
November 19, 163
The significance of this speech was not noticed immediately. It wasn't until after Abraham Lincoln's death that the speech was realized to be very important.