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Transcript of Spelling Rules
Chloe S. Consonants: When b,d,g,m, n,or p appear after a short vowel in a word with two syllables,double the consonant: b, d, g, m, n, or p.
Examples: rabbit, manner, dagger, banner, drummer.
"Vowel-Consonant- e" Pattern: When a short word,or the last syllable of a longer word,ends in this pattern: vowel--consonant--e,the first vowel is usually long and the e is silent. Examples: place,cake,mice,vote, mute.
Double the final consonant rule
Double consonant rule. In one syllable words ending in one consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel.
Ex.) run + ing = running, big + est = biggest, hot + er = hotter, bag + age = baggage
Some exceptions to the Double the final consonant spelling rules are if the word ends with two or more consonants, or if the final consonant is preceded by two vowels instead of one.
Ex.) debt + or = debtor, boat + ing = boating Having short vowels
When a one-syllable word havs a vowel in the middle, the vowel has a short sound.
For example, pot, fun, lot, hat, mom, dad, got.
If a letter after the vowel is "f, l, or s," the letter is doubled. Examples: staff, ball, pass.
Having two vowels next to another
When two vowels are next to each other, the first vowel is long (the sound is the same as the sound of the letter) while the second vowel is silent.
For examples; leap, seat, plain, rain, goat, road, lie, pie.
Sometimes a vowel can be "Y"
Examples: gym, happy, cry, thyme Basic Spelling Rules – The “y to i” Rule
A word ending in y comes before a consonant is changed to the y to I before any suffix except one beginning with I.Ex) Beauty + ful = beautiful Lady + es = ladies
Y as a long e: When y or ey ends a word the y has the long sound of e.
Ex) Shyness; babyhood
Exceptions when using Y:
If the final y comes before a vowel the rule does not apply.
Ex) Journeys, essays, obeying, repaying.
Basic Spelling Rules – The “y to e” Rule
Ex) money, honey, many, key, funny. Using i before e, except after c, or when sounded as “a “as in “neighbor” and “weigh”.
Example: Believe chief, piece and thief; deceive, receive, weigh, and freight.
Common Exceptions: efficient, weird, height, neither, ancient, caffeine, foreign.
E before I
Using e before I, only when there is a c in the beginning of the word then the e will be before i.
Examples: Friend, receive, receipt. “Oi” or “Oy” = you use “oi” in the middle of a word and “oy” at the end of a word.
Example of “oi” words; boil, soil, foil.
Example of ‘oy’ words; boy, toy.
“Ou” or “Ow” = You use “ou” in the middle of a word and “ow” at the end of the word except for words that end in “n” or “d”.
Example of ‘ou’ words; mouse, house, found, count.
Example of “ow” words; cow, borrow, row.
The “ch” sound = At the beginning of a word use “ch”. At the end of a word use “tch”. When “ch” sound Is followed by “ure” or “ion”, use “t”.
Example of “ch” words – choose, champ.
Example of ‘tch’ word- watch, picture, capture. Thank you For Listening! Any Questions?