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Kant

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Bella Lemon

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Kant

Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant Kant's Philosophy a very important thinker
Kant's Copernican Revolution
He claimed it was the work of David Hume that awoke him from his “dogmatic slumber.”
this in turn lead him to reject Hume’s empiricism 1. Analytic a priori: are truths that are true by definition and also necessary and universal. born in 1724 in Königsberg, East Prussia
during his academic career he focused primarily on philosophy, mathematics and physics
In spite of his growing reputation as an original thinker, he did not gain tenure at the university until 1770, receiving his professorship of logic and metaphysics.
In spite of his growing reputation as an original thinker, he did not gain tenure at the university until 1770, receiving his professorship of logic and metaphysics.
A punctual man, it is said that the people of Königsberg set their watches according to his daily walk schedule.
and died in 1804 A Little bit about Immanuel Kant My understanding of Kant's theory of knowledge: relating to or denoting reasoning or knowledge which proceeds from theoretical deduction rather than from observation or experience:a priori assumptions about human nature Analytic and Synthetic truth/knowledge Birds fly
Dogs bark
Strawberries are delicious ??? 2+3=5 2+3=5 All bachelors are unmarried men synthetic analytic a posteriori a priori After Kant Before Kant relating to or denoting reasoning or knowledge which proceeds from observations or experiences to the deduction of probable causes. a posteriori: a priori: a pripri and a posteriori 2. Synthetic a posteriori: are truths that add to our knowledge and are learned through experience. 3. Analytic a posteriori: although one of the categories, Kant concluded that it analytic a posteriori knowledge/truths do not exist. 4. Synthetic a priori: add to our knowledge and are also necessary and universal. •“Experience can teach us that something is the cause, but it cannot teach us that it must be the case” Experience Analytic and Synthetic Knowledge An analytic truth is one that is true by virtue of the meaning of the words themselves A synthetic truth is true be virtue of the kind of experience we have that leads us to knowledge. analytic synthetic experience time and space a priori and a posteriori pure a priori and relative a priori analytic and synthetic knowledge Kant's two distinctions of possible knowledge Leibniz believed that “all propositions are either analytic or synthetic” And Hume concluded that there are two kinds of cognitions
1.Relations of beliefs, or a priori beliefs
2.And Matters of fact, or a posteriori beliefs Kant's distinctions are:
1.Between a priori and a posteriori representations
2.Between analytical and synthetic judgements Kant's Two Distinctions of Knowledge:
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