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FCAT 2.0 Terms

Terms that will be tested on the FCAT 2.0
by

Robert Wind

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of FCAT 2.0 Terms

Mr. Wind English II
FCAT 2.0 Terms
alliteration
Character Point of View
Chronological Order
Compare/Contrast
The repetition of the same sound,
usually of a consonant, at the
beginning of two or more words
that are near each other.

"Peter Piper picked peppers"
The voice of the character
allows the readers to better
understand the events of a text
through a characters' thoughts,
feelings, beliefs, motives,
or actions.
The order in which events happen in
time (sequence of events). Key words
are "such, next, then, finally, etc."
Chronological order is also a text
structure/organizational pattern.
Writing that examines the
similarities and differences
between two or more subjects.
The writer uses transitions to
signal similarities such as like,
likewise, in contrast, similarly,
and in the same way.
Comparison
The process of pointing out what two
or more
things have in common.
Conflict
A struggle or clash between
opposing characters, forces,
or emotions that moves the
plot forward in a literary text.
Almost every story has a main
conflict or problem.
Diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
and way of arranging the words in
sentences. Characterized as formal or
informal.
For example, a scientist would use a more
formal, more technical diction than a
student on Facebook.
Context

Clues
Words surrounding unfamiliar words that help readers to understand their meanings. A context clue may be a definition, a synonym, an example, that enables readers to infer the word's meaning.
Contrast
To emphasize the dissimilarities and differences of things, qualities, events, or problems.
Descriptive Language
Descriptive language uses images
that appeal to the reader's senses,
helping the reader to imagine how a
subject looks, sounds, smells, tastes,
or feels. Some examples of descriptive
language include imagery, alliteration,
and mood.
Drawing conclusions
A special kind of inference that involves
not reading between the lines but reading
beyond the lines. The reader combines
what he or she already knows with
information from the text. Readers can
draw a conclusion from stated facts or facts
they infer and then combine all the facts to
support their conclusion.
Evaluate
To form opinions about what is read.
Through this process readers may develop
their own ideas about characters and events.
Exerpt
A passage or segment taken
from a text. The length of the
excerpt may be a phrase, a
sentence, a paragraph, or an
entire chapter.
Exposition
In fiction, the structure
of the that sets the tone,
establishes the setting,
introduces the characters,
and gives the reader
important background
information.
In an external conflict, a character
struggles against an outside force,
which may be another character,
society as a whole, or something
in nature.
External Conflict
Fact
Knowledge or
information
that can be verified.
Falling Action
In Plot, falling action is the action
that occurs after the climax.
During the falling action, conflicts
are resolved and mysteries are solved.
Figurative Language
Language that involves the use
of words and/or phrases that
describe one thing in terms of
another and that is not meant
to be understood on a literal
level.
Flashback
An interruption in the action
of a plot to tell what happened
at an earlier time.
Foreshadowing
A writer's use of clues to suggest
events that will occur later in the plot.
Hyperbole
A figure of speech in which a statement is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect.
Inference
The process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known to be true.
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses, especially in poetry. Usually appeals to one of the five senses.
Internal Conflict
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character.
Interpret
To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from the text.
Irony
A contrast between what is
expected and what actually exists. Irony involves the tension that arises from the discrepancy, between what one says or what one means.
Literary Device
A literary technique used to achieve a particular effect, such as descriptive language and figurative language.
Literary Elements
Refers to the particular elements common to all literary narrative forms.
(theme, setting, plot)
Main Idea
The most important idea of a piece of writing. The central idea of an entire work or a thought expressed in the topic sentence.
Metaphor
A comparison of two things that have some quality in common without using the words like, as, or than.
Mood
The feeling that a writer creates for the reader. The use of details, imagery, figurative language, and rhythm help establish mood.
Moral
The lesson taught in a literary work. The moral should not be confused with theme.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning. (meow, buzz, splash.)
Paraphrasing
Helps readers to clarify meaning by restating information in their own words.
Personification
A figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or quality is written about as if it were human.
Perspective
A position from which something is considered or evaluated; standpoint.
Plot
The action or sequence of events of the story.
(exposition, rising action, climax, and resolution.)
Point of View
The vantage point from which a writer tells a story. The three main points of view in literary text are omniscient, third-person limited, and first person.
Predicting
A reading strategy that involves gathering and using text clues to make a prediction about what will happen next.
Prefix
A word part, such as de- in deregulation, attached to the front of a root word to produce a derivative word.
Primary Source
Materials written by people who were present at events, either as participants or observers. Letters, diaries, speeches, and photographs.
Problem/Solution
A text structure in which the main ideas are organized into two parts: a problem and a solution.
Protagonist
The main character in fiction or drama. The character whom the reader focuses attention on and whom sets the plot in motion.
Pun
Play on multiple meanings of a word on two words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Police were called to a daycare where a three-year-old was resisting a rest.
Resolution
The portion of a story where a central problem is solved after the climax and falling action.
Rising Action
The events in a story that move the plot forward.
Root Word
In the English language, many roots are derived from Greek and Latin. The root is a word part that cannot stand by itself, it must be combined to create meaning.
Sarcasm
A form of verbal irony, usually harsh, that is often used as an insult.
Secondary Source
Records of events that were created some time after the events occurred. The writers were not present when the events took place.
Simile
A comparison of two things that have some quality in common using the words like, as, or than.
Suffix
A word part that is added to the end of a root word.
Synonym
A word that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word.
Table
A type of graphic aid that presents a group of facts in rows and columns and demonstrates how the facts interrelate
Text Features
Text features include headings, text boxes, subheadings, sections, titles, subtitles, italic type, bulleted and numbered lists, and graphic aids such as charts, tables and photographs.
Theme
An underlying message about life or human nature that the author wants the reader to understand and that may give readers insight into the writers view of the world.
Tone
An expression of a writer's attitude toward a subject. Unlike mood, which is intended to shape the readers emotional response, tone reflects the feelings of the writer. Tone can be serious, humorous, sarcastic, playful, ironic, bitter, or objective.
Trait
A distinguishing feature, as of a character in a story.
Transition Words
Words and phrases that indicate relationships between ideas in a paragraph or composition.
Word Relationships
Analyses of word pairs used in a text that are connected by either a similar or opposite meaning.
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