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Primary and Secondary Socialization
Transcript of Primary and Secondary Socialization
An example of social integration would be when a group of immigrants come to Canada. They learn to speak English, get a job and try to internalize similar beliefs, norms and values of Canadians. Once they are more able to accept them, it is easier for group to function. Social Integration Socializing begins when we are born and continues throughout our lives. The most intense learning occurs when we are young, so this is called "Primary Socialization". Children have less power than adults, so primary socialization is more or less imposed. Through socialization children learn to conform to adult expectations about the right way of managing physical needs, and about manners and morals.
For example, young children learn to be hungry at meal-time, sleep when its dark, and so on. Primary Socialization By contrast, "Secondary Socialization" is an on going process of learning throughout the life style. It occurs as we anticipate and adjust to new experiences and new situations. This mostly occurs and associates with teenagers and adults.
Such examples of Secondary Socialization are entering a new profession or relocating to a new environment or society. Secondary Socialization "Looking Glass Self" Theory In most situations, previous experience help us to imagine new experiences so we can become good at what sociologists call "Anticipatory Sociology". Many social arrangements make anticipatory socialization easier.
Some examples include university initiation weeks, new employee orientation programs, parenting support groups, and pre-retirement courses. Anticipatory Socialization Sometimes new situations are so strange that we cannot rely on previous experience to tell us how to act. Then we may enter a period of re socialization.
An extreme example of re socialization is military "boot camp". Similarly, wherever we change important roles as we do in divorce, relocation, or career change. We may need a period of disengagement before we can establish new relationship. Re socialization THE END